Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers
JASRAC's headquarters in Shibuya, Tokyo
|Type||licensing and royalties|
|Headquarters||3-6-12 Uehara, Shibuya, Tokyo|
Coordinates: The Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers (社団法人日本音楽著作権協会 Shadanhōjin Nihon Ongaku Chosakuken Kyōkai?), often referred to as JASRAC, is a Japanese copyright collection society. It was founded in 1939 as a non-profit making organization, and is the largest musical copyright administration society in Japan.
In 2006, JASRAC took legal action by requesting that nearly 30,000 videos featuring songs or clips that violated the copyrights of Sony Music Entertainment Japan, Avex Japan, Pony Canyon, JVC Victor, Warner Japan, Toy's Factory, and Universal Japan be removed from YouTube.
Trial and criticism
In April 2008, FTC (Fair Trade Commission) officials raided the society's Tokyo headquarters on suspicion of violating Japan's Anti-Monopoly Law. In February 2009, the FTC ruled that the system prevents other companies from entering the copyright-fee collection and management business.
In February 2009, a cease-and-desist order was issued by the Japanese Fair Trade Commission (FTC) for ellegedly breaking the Anti-monopoly Law, demanding that the society end its blanket-fee system. Under that system, radio and TV stations are allowed unlimited use of JASRAC-managed music copyrights for a flat fee of 1.5% of their annual broadcasting revenue. The order was withdrawn, however, in June 2012.
On 1 November 2013, in response to a petition by rival e-License Inc., the Tokyo High Court declared that JASRAC's fee levying system impeded competition within the industry and made it extremely difficult for other organizations to enter the market.
- "YouTube erases clips per Japan media demand". zdnet. Archived from the original on 2006-11-28. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Court nixes FTC order on music copyright fees". The Japan Times (Japan: The Japan Times Ltd.). 4 November 2013. p. 2.
- ＪＡＳＲＡＣの使用料徴収は競争を妨害…高裁. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- Torres, Ida (4 November 2013). "Tokyo High Court says music company violates anti-monopoly law". Japan Daily Press (in Japanese). Japan: The Japan Daily Press. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
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