Jean Guéhenno, writer and educator, was a prominent contributor to the NRF. He was editor-in-chief of the literary journal Europe from 1929 until May 1936. Guéhenno wrote one novel, The Dead Youth, based on his memories of World War I.
During the Nazi occupation of France, Guéhenno refused to publish, believing to do so would be collaboration. Instead he kept a secret journal, chronicling the infringement by the Vichy government of traditional French rights and values, and his own efforts in behalf of the Resistance. This was published in France in 1947.
The first English translation of the journal, by David Ball, was published in 2014 under the title Diary of the Dark Years, 1940-1944.
Jean Guéhenno was elected to the Académie Française on 25 janvier 1962.