Jean Guéhenno was a prominent contributor to the NRF. He also was editor-in-chief of the literary journal Europe from 1929 until May 1936. Guéhenno wrote one novel, The Dead Youth, based on his memories of WWI.
During the Nazi occupation of France, Guéhenno kept a private journal which was published in France in 1947. In his diaries, Guéhenno chronicled the infringement by the Vichy government of traditional French rights and values, and his own efforts in behalf of the resistance. The first English translation of the journal, "Diary of the Dark Years, 1940-1944", was published in 2014.