Jeffry Wyattville

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Sir Jeffry Wyattville
SirJeffryWyatvil.jpg
Born (1766-08-03)3 August 1766
Burton upon Trent
Died 18 February 1840(1840-02-18)
London
Buildings Windsor Castle
Drawing showing Wyattville's Gothic transformation to the buildings of the upper ward of Windsor Castle
Drawing showing the intended changes to the Prince of Wales Tower at Windsor Castle

Sir Jeffry Wyattville RA (3 August 1766 – 18 February 1840)[1] was an English architect and garden designer. His original surname was Wyatt, and his name is sometimes also written as Jeffrey and his surname as Wyatville; he changed his name in 1824.[2]

Life[edit]

He was trained by his uncles Samuel Wyatt and James Wyatt, who were both leading architects. He is mainly remembered for making alterations and extensions to Chatsworth House and Windsor Castle. He also completed his uncle James's gothic Ashridge in Hertfordshire.

His largest commission the remodelling of Windsor Castle begun in 1824, when Parliament voted £300,000 for the purpose.[3] The eventual cost was over £1,000,000 (a quarter of which covered furnishing).[3] A competition was held between four invited architects,[4] Wyatville, Robert Smirke, John Nash & John Soane, the architects (with the exception of Soane who withdrew from the competition) submitted their designs, in June Wyatville was announced as the winner. The foundation stone was laid on 12 August 1824 by King George IV[3] at what would become the George IV gateway. Wyatville took up residence in the Winchester Tower in the castle in 1824 and would use it for the rest of his life. Eventually the Upper Ward of the Castle would be reconstructed. It was while at Windsor that he designed Golden Grove, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire for the 1st Earl Cawdor, completed 1834, and its 'sister house' Lilleshall in Shropshire for George Leveson Gower, completed 1829.

He was knighted by King George IV in 1828. He was buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on 25 February 1840, his memorial stone is in the north-east corner behind the high altar, and bears this inscription:[5]

In the vault beneath are
deposited the remains of
Sir Jeffry Wyatville R.A.
under whose direction
the new construction and
restoration of the ancient
and royal castle of Windsor
were carried out during the
reigns of George the 4th
William the 4th and of
Her Majesty Queen Victoria
he died February 18th A.D. 1840
in the 74th year of his age

In 2007 a new residential street in Buxton, Derbyshire was named Wyatville Avenue (with only one t) to commemorate Sir Jeffry Wyattville's impact on the town.

List of architectural work[edit]

His designs include:[6]

  • Gresford Lodge, Denbighshire, attributed, new house (c.1790)
  • Sydney, Australia, attributed, prefabricated hospital (1790) demolished
  • Wherstead Lodge, Wherstead, Suffolk, attributed, new house (1792)
  • Hyde Park, London, proposal for entrance lodges (1794)
  • Bladon Castle, Staffordshire (c.1799)
  • Cottage, Brixton, Devon (c.1799)
  • Hillfield House, Hertfordshire, new house (c.1799)
  • Woolley Park, Berkshire, alterations (c.1799)
  • Corsham Court, Wiltshire, unspecified work (c.1800)
  • Slane, County Meath, Ireland, design for a market house (c.1800)
  • Wynnstay, Denbighshire, Cenotaph (c.1800-12)
  • Longleat, Wiltshire, new stables, orangery, Horningsham Lodge and interior alterations (1800–1811), designs for upper dining room and saloon (1829–30) of the interiors only the Grand Staircase, Green Library and several white marble chimneypieces survived the remodelling of the state rooms by John Dibblee Crace in the 1870s and 1880s
  • Wollaton Hall, Nottingham, house interiors (c.1801) and (1823) new lodges (1823) and (1832)
  • Burley-on-the-Hill, House, Rutland, design of terrace (1801)
  • 24 Hertford Street, London, alterations (1802) demolished
  • 49 (now 39) Lower Brook Street, Mayfair, London, remodelling (1802), (1821) & (1823), this was Wyattville's home and office
  • Nonsuch Park, Surrey, new house and lodge (1802)
  • Greatham Hospital, County Durham, new building (1803)
  • Hyde Hall, Hertfordshire, remodelling and extension of house and new gate lodges (1803)
  • Holland House, London, proposed alterations (1804)
  • Browsholme Hall, Lancashire, decoration of new gallery (1806)
  • Roche Court, Hampshire, new lodge (1808)
  • Rood Ashton House, Wiltshire, additions and remodelling (1808) demolished
  • Thurland Castle, Lancashire (c.1809) restoration and additions (c.1809)
  • Badminton House, Gloucestershire, alterations, including the library, drawing room, staircase and conservatory (1809–13)
  • Belton House, Lincolnshire, alterations, new dairy, orangery, brewhouse and cottages (1809–20)
  • St. George's Church, Liverpool, consulted about problems with tower (1809)
  • 29 Grosvenor Square, London, alterations (1809) demolished
  • Hayne Manor, Devon, attributed, alterations (c.1810)
  • Design for school house, Milton Abbot, Devon (c.1810)
  • Endsleigh, Devon, a cottage ornés, furniture and estate buildings (1810)
  • Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire, attributed, alterations (1810)
  • Bretby Hall, Derbyshire (c.1812)
  • Bulstrode Park, Buckinghamshire, design for completing the building, not executed (1812)
  • Dinton Park, Wiltshire, new house (1812–17) renamed Philipps House in 1916
  • Towneley Park, Lancashire, alterations to house (1812)
  • Stubton Hall, Stubton, Lincolnshire, remodelled house and new conservatory (1813)
  • Ashridge, Hertfordshire, designed by his uncle James Wyatt who died in 1813, he then completed the building including the Bridgewater Monument (c.1814-1839)
  • Cassiobury House, Hertfordshire alterations to house (c.1814) demolished
  • Hinton House, Yeovil, Somerset, additions to house (c.1814)
  • Church of St John the Baptist, Frome, Somerset, forecourt screen (1814)
  • Langold Park, Yorkshire, new house (1814) demolished
  • Teddesley Hall, Staffordshire, alterations and additions (1814)
  • Thoresby Hall, Nottinghamshire, alterations and additions (1814), rebuilt by Anthony Salvin
  • Allendale House, Wimborne Minster, Dorset, new house (c.1815)
  • Bretton Hall, West Yorkshire, additions, camellia house and estate buildings (c.1815)
  • Denford Park, Berkshire, new house (c.1815)
  • Trebartha House, Cornawall, additions and alterations (1815)
  • Mortuary Chapel, Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Belton, Lincolnshire (1816)
  • 6 Grosvenor Square, London, alterations (1816) demolished
  • Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, alterations to the sculpture gallery (1816), botanical house (1836)
  • Brancepeth Castle. County Durham, attributed, alterations (c.1817)
  • Hampton Court, Herefordshire, attributed, alterations to house (c.1817)
  • Banner Cross Hall, Sheffield, Yorkshire, new house (1817–21)
  • Layout of St Ann's Cliff, Buxton, Derbyshire (c.1818)
  • Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, alterations to the house including the library, and addition of north wing with Great Dining Room, Sculpture Gallery, Orangery, Theatre, bedrooms, kitchen and service areas, lodges and other estate buildings (1818–40)
  • Gopsall Hall, Leicestershire, alterations to house and new entrance lodge (1819)
  • Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Little Gaddesden, Hertfordshire, additions (1819) and (1830)
  • Restoration of Church of St Peter, Great Berkhamsted (c.1820)[7]
  • Bishop's Wood House, Hertfordshire, attributed (c.1820)
  • Claverton Manor, nr. Bath, Somerset, new house (c.1820)
  • Raglan Castle, Monmouthshire, consulted about a possible restoration (c.1820)
  • Firbeck Hall, Yorkshire, Attributed to the new design of the house (c.1820)
  • Brocklesby Park, Lincolnshire, design for a new house, not executed (1820)
  • Woolley Park, Yorkshire, new lodges and gateway (1820)
  • Trebursey House, Cornwall, new house (c.1821)
  • Orchardleigh House, Somerset, design for remodelling the house (pre-1821)
  • Parish Church, Marbury, Cheshire, restoration (1821)
  • Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge alterations and additions (1821)
  • Tissington Hall, Derbyshire, design for alterations (1821)
  • Tottenham House, Wiltshire, alterations and additions (1821)
  • San Souci, Dorset, conservatory (c.1822)
  • Whiteley Wood Hall, Yorkshire, additions (c.1822) demolished
  • 1 Cavendish Square, London, proposed alterations (1823)
  • Windsor Castle additions, Windsor, Berkshire (1823–40):Roof of grand entrance (1827), roof of St. George's Gateway (1829), King George IV gateway (1838), South Turret on South Terrace (1834), St. George's Hall (c.1827), Queen's Throne Room (1834), Brunswick Tower (1825–34), Chester Tower (1834), Clarence and Victoria Towers (1834), Cornwall Tower (1827), Dining Room Tower (1824), King George IV Tower (1832), Lancaster Tower (1825), Library Tower (1825–26), Octagon Tower (1826), South-East Tower (1829), York Tower (1826), Round Tower (1828–40), North Corridor and Front (1826), the Waterloo Chamber (1830–31), private apartments (1823–32), Royal Stable and Riding House (1839), Entrance Porch to Royal Pews, St. George's Chapel, Restoration of Garter Chapter House (now Albert Memorial Chapel), in Home Park, Windsor: Adelaide Lodge (1830-1), Gardener's Cottage, Gate Lodge (post 1830), Cumberland Lodge, additions (c.1828), Fishing Pavilion (1825), Fort Belvedere, Surrey, additions (1827), Royal Lodge, additions (1823–30), Royal Chapel of All Saints (1825),[8] base for the George III statue on Snow Hill (1829), The Temple of Augustus, created using genuine ancient Roman architectural fragments from Lepcis Magna (1826–29), Bridge Virginia Water (1825)
  • Chillingham Castle, Northumberland, alterations and new lodge (c.1824)
  • House, Hastings, alterations (c.1824)
  • Hengrave Hall, Suffolk, proposed alterations (c.1824)
  • Lilleshall Hall, Shropshire, new house (c.1824)
  • Bedford Lodge, Campden Hill, London, alterations and additions (c.1824)
  • 74 Grosvenor Square, London, alterations (c.1824) demolished
  • Renishaw Hall, Derbyshire, plans for a new service wing (c.1824)
  • Somerhill, Kent, alterations (c.1824)
  • Yester House, Haddingtonshire, gamekeeper's lodge (c.1824)
  • Oakley Park, Duffolk, design for rebuilding the house (c.1825)
  • 2 Cavendish Square, London, proposed alterations (1825)
  • Golden Grove, Carmarthenshire, new house (1826–31)
  • Holly Grove Lodge, Highgate, London, proposed alterations (1826)
  • Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire, consulted about alterations (1826)
  • Wilton House, WIltshire, proposed alterations (1826)
  • Eastbury House, Surrey, additions (pre-1830)
  • Palace of Westminster, London consulted about improvements (1831) & (1833)
  • Designs for Altenstein Castle near Bad Liebenstein in Thuringia, Germany Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen(1833–34)
  • St. James's Palace, London, various plans for alterations none executed (1831–35)
  • Kensington Palace, London, alterations (1832) & (1839)
  • Stackpole Court, Pembrokeshire, new bridge (1835)
  • Cobham Hall, Kent, attributed, alterations to house (c.1835)
  • Shobdon Court, Shobdon, Herefordshire, alterations (1835) demolished
  • Lexham Hall, Norfolk, additions (c.1836)
  • Cadland House, Hampshire, remodelling (1836)
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, King Williams Temple (1836) also proposals to build a palm house and alterations to Kew Palace
  • House, Bushy Park for Queen Adelaide, (c.1837)
  • Design for a villa at Meiningen, Germany for Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1837)
  • Consulted about the building of Landsberg Castle at Meiningen in Thuringia Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1837)
  • Drumlanrig Castle, Dumfries, alterations (1840)

Gallery of architectural work[edit]

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Derek Linstrum, "Wyatville (Wyatt), Sir Jeffry (1766–1840)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008". Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  2. ^ page 48, Sir Jeffry Wyatville Architect to the King, Derek Linstrum, 1972 Oxford University Press
  3. ^ a b c page 86, Windsor Castle, Sir Owen Morshead Librarian to the Queen, 1952 Phaidon Press
  4. ^ page 17, For the King's Pleasure: The Furnishing and Decoration of George IV's Apartments at Windsor Castle, Hugh Roberts, 2001, The Royal Collection ISBN 1-902163-04-4
  5. ^ page 51, Sir Jeffry Wyatville Architect to the King, Derek Linstrum, 1972 Oxford University Press
  6. ^ pages 228-258, Sir Jeffry Wyatville Architect to the King, Derek Linstrum, 1972 Oxford University Press
  7. ^ Birtchnell, Percy (1960). A Short History of Berkhamsted. The Bookstack. pp. 30–32. ISBN 1-871372-00-3. 
  8. ^ Jane Roberts (1997). Royal Landscape: The Gardens and Parks of Windsor. Yale University Press. pp. 347–. ISBN 978-0-300-07079-8. 

External links[edit]