Ruffin in 1964
|Birth name||Jimmy Lee Ruffin|
May 7, 1936|
Collinsville, United States
|Died||November 17, 2014
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
|Genres||Soul, R&B, pop|
|Labels||Motown, Polydor, RSO, EMI|
Jimmy Ruffin was born in Collinsville, Mississippi to Eli, a sharecropper, and Ophelia Ruffin. He was approaching his fifth birthday when his younger brother David was born. As children, the brothers began singing with a gospel group, the Dixie Nightingales.
In 1961, Jimmy became a singer as part of the Motown stable, mostly on sessions but also recording singles for its subsidiary Miracle label, but was then drafted for national service. After leaving the Army in 1964, he returned to Motown, where he was offered the opportunity to join the Temptations to replace Elbridge Bryant. However, after hearing his brother David, they hired him for the job instead so Jimmy decided to resume his solo career. Ruffin recorded for Motown's subsidiary Soul label, but with little success.
In 1966, he heard a song about unrequited love written for The Spinners, and persuaded the writers that he should record it himself. His recording of "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" became a major success. The song reached #7 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #6 on the R&B Chart. It also initially reached #10 in the UK singles chart, rising to #4 when it was reissued in the UK in 1974. "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" remained Ruffin's best-known song. Follow-ups in the US were successful, with "I've Passed This Way Before" and "Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got" reaching the US charts in late 1966 and early 1967.
Jimmy Ruffin found success in the United States difficult to sustain, and began to concentrate instead on the British market. In 1970, "Farewell Is a Lonely Sound", "I'll Say Forever My Love" and "It's Wonderful (To Be Loved By You)" each made the UK top ten, and he was voted the world's top singer in one British poll. He also teamed up with brother David to record the album I Am My Brother's Keeper, a modestly successful 1970 album for Motown that included the songs "When The Love Hand Comes Down", "Your Love Was Worth Waiting For" and a cover of Ben E. King's "Stand by Me". Following the success of his first two hits, Ruffin found it hard to maintain an identity, as most of his songs were later covered by other Motown artists, most prominently "Everybody Needs Love," a hit when covered by Gladys Knight & The Pips, "Maria (You Were The Only One)", a hit for Michael Jackson and "If You Let Me," a minor hit for Eddie Kendricks. In addition, he had recorded the first version of The Temptations hit "Beauty Is Only Skin Deep."
He then left Motown, and recorded for the Polydor and Chess labels, where he recorded "Tell Me What You Want." In 1980, Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees produced his album Sunrise and the hit single "Hold On To My Love", which reached #10 in the US and #7 in the UK, on the RSO label.
In the 1980s, Ruffin moved to live in Great Britain, where he continued to perform successfully. In December 1984 he collaborated with Paul Weller of The Style Council for his benefit single "Soul Deep", produced to raise money for the families of striking miners affected by the UK miners' strike. This went under the name of The Council Collective and Jimmy appeared with Paul on Radio 1 to say he is involved because his father worked down the mines and "he understands the suffering."
In 1986 he collaborated with the British pop group Heaven 17, singing "A Foolish Thing To Do" and "My Sensitivity" on a 12" EP record. He recorded duets with both Maxine Nightingale and Brenda Holloway. Later, Ruffin hosted a radio show in the UK for a time, and became an anti-drug advocate following the 1991 drug overdose death of his brother David. Ruffin was portrayed by Lamman Rucker in the 1998 mini-series The Temptations.
Later life and death
Following the 2010 release - on CD for the first time - of his 1970 album I Am My Brother's Keeper, Ruffin had been writing and recording songs for a new album that he had planned to release during 2013. It was never completed and he died in 2014.
In 2012, a compilation album titled There Will Never Be Another You, including his hit songs "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted", and "Hold On To My Love", had been released.
Living in the Las Vegas, Nevada area, on October 17, 2014, it was reported that Jimmy was gravely ill and had been taken into an intensive care unit at a Las Vegas hospital. Ruffin died on November 17, 2014, in Las Vegas, aged 78.
His siblings are Davis (David) Eli, Rita Mae (Marie), Rosa (all deceased) and Quincy B. His children are Arlet, Philicia, Jimmie Ray (deceased), Jimmie L., Ophelia and Camilla.
- Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten (1967) - U.S. #133
- The Jimmy Ruffin Way (1967, UK release of Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten) - UK #32
- Ruff 'n' Ready (1969) - US #196, US R&B #50
- The Groove Governor (1970)
- I Am My Brother's Keeper (1970, with David Ruffin) - US #178, US R&B #15
- Jimmy Ruffin ... Forever (1973)
- Greatest Hits (1974) - UK #41
- I've Passed This Way Before (1974)
- Sunrise (1980) - US #152
- The Ultimate Motown Collection (2003) (2 CDs) 981 200-6
- There Will Never Be Another You (2012)
|Label & Catalogue #||Title||Year||Chart positions|
|Miracle 1 (US)||"Don't Feel Sorry For Me" / "Heart"||1961||-||-||-||-|
|Soul 35022 (US) / Tamla Motown TMG577 (UK)||"What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" / "Baby I've Got It"||1966||7||6||10||98|
|Soul 35027 (US) / Tamla Motown TMG593 (UK)||"I've Passed This Way Before" / "Tomorrow's Tears"||1967||17||10||29||30|
|Soul 35032 (US) / Tamla Motown TMG603 (UK)||"Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got" / "World So Wide Nowhere to Hide"||1967||29||14||26||-|
|Soul 35035 (US) / Tamla Motown TMG617 (UK)||"Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby" / "I Want Her Love"||1967||68||27||-||-|
|Soul 35043 (US) / Tamla Motown TMG649/740 (UK)||"I'll Say Forever My Love" / "Everyone Needs Love"||1968||77||-||7||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG664 (UK)||"Don't Let Him Take Your Love From Me" / "Lonely Lonely Man Am I"||1968||-||-||-||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG703 (UK)||"I've Passed This Way Before" (re-issue) / "Tomorrow's Tears"||1969||-||-||33||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG726 (UK)||"Farewell is a Lonely Sound" / "If You Will Let Me I Know I Can"||1970||-||-||8||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG753 (UK)||"It's Wonderful (To Be Loved By You)" / "Maria (You Were the Only One)"||1970||-||-||6||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG767 (UK)||"Let's Say Goodbye Tomorrow" / "Living in a World I Created for Myself"||1970||-||-||-||-|
|Soul 35077 (US)||"Maria (You Were The Only One)" / "Living In A World I Created for Myself"||1970||97||-||-||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG784 (UK)||"On the Way Out (On the Way In)" / "Honey Come Back"||1971||-||-||-||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG911 (UK)||"What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" (re-issue) / "Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby"||1974||-||-||4||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG922 (UK)||"Farewell is a Lonely Sound" (re-issue) / "I Will Never Let You Get Away"||1974||-||-||30||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG934 (UK)||"I've Passed This Way Before" (re-issue) / "Sad and Lonesome Feeling"||1974||-||-||-||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG961 (UK)||"I'll Say Forever My Love" (re-issue) / "It's Wonderful (To Be Loved By You)"||1974||-||-||-||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG996 (UK)||"Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got" (re-issue) / "I've Passed This Way Before"||1974||-||-||-||-|
|Tamla Motown TMG1052 (UK)||"What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" (re-issue) / "I'll Pick a Rose For My Rose"||1974||-||-||-||-|
|Chess 2160 (US) / Polydor 2058 433 (UK)||"Tell Me What You Want"||1974||-||42||39||-|
|RSO 1021 (US) / RSO 57 (UK)||"Hold On (To My Love)" / instrumental version||1980||10||29||7||-|
|EMI 5524 (UK)||"That's When My Loving Begins"||1985||-||-||-||-|
|EMI 5541 (UK)||"There Will Never Be Another You"||1985||-||-||68||-|
|"-" denotes release did not chart.|
- Ribowsky, Mark (2010). Ain't Too Proud to Beg: The Troubled Lives and Enduring Soul of the Temptations. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, p. 89. ISBN 978-0-470-26117-0.
- Sweeting, Adam (20 November 2014). "Jimmy Ruffin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- Biography at Oldies.com
- Biography by Kefauver Inge at Mississippi Writers and Musicians, mswritersandmusicians.com; accessed November 24, 2014.
- Biography of Jimmy Ruffin, SoulTracks.com; accessed November 14, 2014.
- "Searching For Light" - biographical article at SoullyOldies.com
- Biography by Bill Dahl at Allmusic.com
- "Jimmy Ruffin, Motown Hitmaker, Dead at 78". Rolling Stone. November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Jimmy Ruffin, Motown singer, dies aged 78". BBC news. November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Motown Legend Jimmy Ruffin In Intensive Care In Vegas Hospital". Noise11.com. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- "Motown singer Jimmy Ruffin dies at 78".
- "Allmusic ((( Jimmy Ruffin > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))".
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 611. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
- Rice, Tim (1985). Guinness British Hit Singles (5th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 188. ISBN 0-85112-429-1.
- "Allmusic ((( Jimmy Ruffin > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))".
- "The Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2013-07-26.