Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (Weißensee, Thuringia, 1739 – Erlangen, 1810), often styled I.C.D. von Schreber, was a German naturalist.
He was appointed professor of materia medica at the University of Erlangen in 1769.
In 1774 he began writing a multi-volume set of books entitled Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen, which focused on the mammals of the world. Many of the animals included were given a scientific name for the first time, following the binomial system of Carolus Linnaeus. From 1791 until his death in 1810, he was the President of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1787. In April 1795 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society  Numerous honors were bestowed on him including the office of an imperial count palatine.
Schreber also wrote on entomology notably Schreberi Novae Species Insectorvm. His herbarium collection has been preserved in the Botanische Staatssammlung München since 1813.
- Beschreibung der Gräser (1.1769 - 3.1810)
- Lithographia Halensis (1758)
- Schreberi Novae Species Insectorvm (1759)
- Die Säugetiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen (1.1774 - 64.1804)
- Theses medicae (1761)
Plates from Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen 1774-1804.