19 July 1928|
Wimbledon, London, England
|Died||20 July 1992
|Alma mater||Kingston College, Royal College of Art|
|Movement||Kitchen sink realism|
|Spouse(s)||Jean Cooke (1954–1977)
Patricia (until his death)
John Randall Bratby RA (19 July 1928 – 20 July 1992) was an English painter who founded the kitchen sink realism style of art that was influential in the late 1950s. He made portraits of his family and celebrities. His works were seen in television and film. Bratby was also a writer.
Early life and education
John Bratby was born on 19 July 1928 in Wimbledon. Between 1949 and 1950 he studied art at Kingston College. He then began attending the Royal College of Art, completing his studies in 1954. He painted landscapes, still lifes, portraits and figure compositions and had his first solo exhibition that year at London's Beaux Arts Gallery.
Bratby is considered the founder of kitchen sink realism a movement in which artists use everyday objects, like trash cans and beer bottles as subjects of their works, which are often thickly-laden portraits or paintings. It began in the early 1950s and has been considered an aspect of John Osbourne's "Angry Young Men Movement."[nb 1] Artists Derrick Greaves, Edward Middleditch and Jack Smith were also active in the development of the movement. Bratby often painted with bright colours, capturing his middle-class family's daily lives. The faces of his subjects often appeared desperate and unsightly. Bratby painted several kitchen subjects, often turning practical utensils such as sieves and spoons into semi-abstract shapes. He also painted bathrooms, and made three paintings of toilets. Initially there was some critical interest, but English critics later disregarded as an important movement.
In 1958 Bratby created works for the fictional artist Gulley Jimson in the Alec Guinness film The Horse's Mouth. A portion of Bratby's painting Four Lambrettas and Three Portraits of Janet Churchman (1958) is featured on the cover of Mark Knopfler's 2007 album Kill to Get Crimson.
As he matured, Bratby's works became "lighter and more exuberant". He made the mural Golgotha for Lancaster's St Martin's Chapel in 1965. During his career, Bratby promoted himself on television and the radio and was one of his generation's best known artists. He mingled with celebrities to earn portrait commissions in the late 1960s. By the 1970s he had a series of portraits including Billie Whitelaw.
In the 1980s he travelled and made paintings of the cities he visited. He made intimately-posed portraits of his wife and self-portraits. He continued to paint with bright colours, but had developed "an economy of line." His paintings are shown in the 1984 television mini-series adaptation of Judith Krantz's novel "Mistral's Daughter" about an artist.
Bratby's own work fell out of favour with the emergence of Pop art, but his paintings have increased in value and critical support over recent years. Paul McCartney has been a collector of his works. McCartney had given Bratby two hours in Bratby's studio in 1967. Three portraits resulted from the sitting.
- Baby in pram in garden, oil on hardboard, 122 x 144.1 cm, 1956, Walker Art Gallery.
- Three Self Portraits with a White Wall, oil on hardboard, 241.9 x 196.9 cm, 1957, Walker Art Gallery. First prize winner of John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, Junior Section.
- Roberta Smith (23 July 1992). "John Bratby Is Dead; 'Kitchen Sink' Artist and a Novelist, 64". New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Ian Chilvers; John Glaves-Smith (2009). A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art. Oxford University Press. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-19-923965-8.
- "John Bratby 1928–1992". Tate. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- portrait of Paul McCartney, 1967 by John Bratby (unfinished background) | http://thegilly.tumblr.com/post/20518793459/john-bratbys-painting-of-paul-mccartney-1967
- portrait of Paul McCartney, 1967 by John Bratby | http://www.standard.co.uk/news/pretty-boy-paul-mccartney-portrait-goes-on-sale-6514351.html
- portrait of Paul McCartney and Flowers, 1967 by John Bratby | http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/paul-mccartney-and-flowers-22003
- John Bratby (1960). Breakdown. London: London: Hutchinson.
- "Baby in pram in garden, 1956, John Bratby". Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "Three Self Portraits with a White Wall, John Bratby". Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Rutherford, Paul. When Television Was Young. University of Toronto Press, 1990.