|John Paul Filo|
August 21, 1948 |
Natrona Heights, Pennsylvania, United States
|Notable credit(s)||Pulitzer Prize-winner|
John Paul Filo (born August 21, 1948) took the 1970 Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of a 14-year-old runaway girl, Mary Ann Vecchio, screaming while kneeling over the dead body of 20-year-old Jeffrey Miller, one of the victims of the Kent State shootings. At the time, Filo was both a photojournalism student at Kent State University, and staffer of a satellite paper for the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.
After winning the Pulitzer Prize while working for the Valley Daily News (a Gannett paper) of the Pittsburgh suburb of Tarentum, Pennsylvania, he continued his career in photojournalism, rapidly finding work at the Associated Press, the Philadelphia Inquirer, and as a picture editor at the Baltimore Evening Sun. He eventually rose to a picture editing job at the weekly news magazine Newsweek. He now is on staff in the communications department of CBS.
Taking the picture
The Kent State shootings occurred at Kent State University in the city of Kent, Ohio, and involved the shooting of students by members of the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970. At the time John Filo was in the University student photography lab when the shots rang out. He quickly ran outside and below recalls what happened:
The bullets were supposed to be blanks. When I put the camera back to my eye, I noticed a particular guardsman pointing at me. I said, "I'll get a picture of this," and his rifle went off. And almost simultaneously, as his rifle went off, a halo of dust came off a sculpture next to me, and the bullet lodged in a tree.
I dropped my camera in the realization that it was live ammunition. I don't know what gave me the combination of innocence and stupidity... I started to flee--run down the hill and stopped myself. "Where are you going?" I said to myself, "This is why you are here!"
And I started to take pictures again. ... I knew I was running out of film. I could see the emotion welling up inside of her. She began to sob. And it culminated in her saying an exclamation. I can't remember what she said exactly … something like, "Oh, my God!"
To take the picture John used a Nikkormat camera with Tri X film and most of the exposures were 1/500 between 5.6 and f 8 depending on if the sun was behind a cloud or not.
In the early 1970s, an anonymous editor airbrushed the fence post above Mary Ann Vecchio's head out of Filo's Pulitzer Prize Winner. Since then, the altered photo has circulated and has been reprinted in many magazines. Numerous publications, including Time (Nov. 6, 1972, p. 23; Jan. 7, 1980, p. 45) and People (May 2, 1977, p. 37; April 30, 1990, p. 117), have used the altered image without knowing.
Meeting with Mary Ann Vecchio
In 1995, Filo met Mary Ann Vecchio for the first time, when both were scheduled to appear at an Emerson College conference commemorating the 25th anniversary of the shootings. The two met again on the Kent State University campus, at the 39th commemoration in May 2009, where they both spoke.
- Bill O'Driscoll (July 5, 2007). "Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper photos tell their stories in Capture the Moment, at the History Center.". Pittsburgh City Paper. Retrieved 2007-07-27.
- Filo, John (May 4, 2000). "Photographer John Filo discusses his famous Kent State photograph and the events of May 4, 1970". CNN. Retrieved 2007-07-27.
- Kantor, Andrew (February 12, 2004). "Image manipulation means seeing isn't believing". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Digital Tampering in the Media, Politics and Law". Dartmouth College. 2000. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- Lucas, Dean. "Kent State Shooting". Famous Pictures Magazine. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Re-imaging History". Wired. 2000. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- David Friend Director of Photography at LIFE (2000). "Mystery of the missing pole, solved!". ZoneZero. Retrieved 2007-07-26.