Jon Pyong-ho

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Jon Pyong-ho
Born March 1926
Died 7 July 2014(2014-07-07) (aged 88)
Nationality North Korean
Korean name
Hangul 전병호
Hanja 全炳浩
Revised Romanization Chŏn Pyŏngho
McCune–Reischauer Jeon Byeong-ho

Jon Pyong-ho (March 1926 – 7 July 2014; also written Chŏn Pyŏng-ho) was the Chief Secretary of the Korean Workers Party (KWP) Committee of the North Korean Cabinet, and director of the DPRK Cabinet Political Bureau before his retirement in 2010.[1] Jon was described as the 'Chief architect of North Korea's nuclear programme'.[1] Jon was a general of the Korean People's Army(KPA) and a close adviser to late Kim Jong-il.[1]

Jon played a key role in the production and development of North Korean arms for more than four decades before retiring in 2011.[1] Jon supervised the development of the country's long-range ballistic missile programmes and was involved with its first test of a nuclear device in 2006 directly.[1] Jon was reported to help broker a deal with Pakistan during the 1990s that gave North Korea critical technology for its uranium enrichment programme in exchange for North Korea's missile technology.[1] Jon was sanctioned by the United Nations as a result of his involvement in the country's nuclear and missile weapons programmes.[1]

He was born in Musan County, in North Hamgyong Province, and was educated at the Ural Engineering College in the Soviet Union, where he graduated in 1950.[2] He has since held a number of positions within the North Korean military and government, and was appointed member of the National Defense Commission in February 2009.[2] In December 2011, he was named as one of the members of the funeral committee for the late supreme leader Kim Jong-il.[3] He has been described as "a talented writer with an excellent knowledge of policy and process."[4]

On July 7, 2014 Jon Pyong-ho died of acute myocardial infarction at the age of 88. He was awarded a state funeral, attended by Kim Jong-un.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Chief architect of North Korea's nuclear programme dies". The Guardian. Jul 9, 2014. Retrieved Jul 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Jon Pyong-ho". North Korea Leadership Watch. Retrieved 20 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "National Funeral Committee Formed". Korean Central News Agency. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Cho'n Pyo'ng-ho (Jon Pyong Ho)". North Korea Leadership Watch. Retrieved 20 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "State Funeral of Jon Pyong Ho Held". Korean News. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.