Jules Tannery (1848-1910). Photo by A. Gerschel & Sons (c. 1866).
March 24, 1848|
|Died||December 11, 1910
|Institutions||École Normale Supérieure
Université de Paris
|Alma mater||École Normale Supérieure|
|Doctoral advisor||Charles Hermite|
|Doctoral students||Albert Châtelet
|Known for||Philosophy of mathematics|
Brother of Paul Tannery
Jules Tannery (March 24, 1848 – December 11, 1910) was a French mathematician, brother of the mathematician and historian of science Paul Tannery, who notably studied under Charles Hermite and was the PhD advisor of Jacques Hadamard.
Under Hermite, he received is doctorate in 1874 for his thesis Propriétés des Intégrales des Équations Différentielle Linéaires à Coefficients Variables.
He discovered a surface of the fourth order of which all the geodesic lines are algebraic. He was not an inventor, however, but essentially a critic and methodologist. He once remarked, "Mathematicians are so used to their symbols and have so much fun playing with them, that it is sometimes necessary to take their toys away from them in order to oblige them to think."
His efforts were mainly directed to the study of the mathematical foundations and of the philosophical ideas implied in mathematical thinking.
- George Sarton, "Paul, Jules, and Marie Tannery (with a note on Grégoire Wyrouboff)," Isis, Vol. 38, No. 1/2. (Nov., 1947), pp. 33–51.