||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (September 2009)|
||This article contains too many or too-lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. (March 2008)|
|Died||AH 32 (652/653) |
|1st millennium AH|
|2nd millennium AH|
Ka‘b al-Aḥbār (Arabic: كعب الأحبار, full name Abū Iṣḥaq Ka‘b ibn Mati‘ al-Humyari al-Aḥbār) was a prominent rabbi (turned Muslim) from Yemen of the clan of Dhu Ra'in or Dhu al-Kila. He is counted among the Tabi‘in and narrated many Isra'iliyat.
According to tradition, Ka'ab predicted the death of Caliph Omar using the Jewish Torah.
Sahaba view of Ka‘b
A Shi'ite site, al-Islam.org writes:
Umar and a number of prominent companions had a very positive attitude towards Kaab. However the most knowledgable and the most farsighted among them, namely, Imam Ali ( as ) discredited Kaab. Kaab did not dare to come close to Imam Ali ( as ), despite the fact that the Imam was in Medina for the duration of Kaab's stay. It is reported that Imam Ali ( as ) said about Kaab : Certainly he is a professional liar!
Building of Al-Aqsa Mosque
Kaab accompanied Khalif Umar in his voyage to Jerusalem (Al-Quds) He helped locate the foundations of the ancient Jewish temple where Umar built the Aqsa Mosque. He also helped later find the place of the Rock while he was looking for the Holy of Holies. Umar cleaned it from rubble and fenced it and an Umayyad Khalif later built the Dome of the Rock over it as an integral part of the Aqsa Mosque.
Muslim, Abu Dawud and al-Tirmidhi have recorded his hadith.
|“||Ka`b Ibn Mati` al-Himyari, Abu Ishaq, known as Ka`b al-Ahbar, is trustworthy (thiqah). He belongs to the 2nd [tabaqah]. He lived during both Jahiliyyah and Islam. He lived in Yemen before he moved to Sham [~Syria]. He died during the Caliphate of `Uthman exceeding 100 years of age. None of his reports are in al-Bukhari. He has one narration in Muslim from Abu Huraira from him on the authority of al-A`mash from Abu Salih.||”|
For more on the Sunni view, see "Isra'iliyat".
|“||He was a Jew from Yemen who pretended to have embraced Islam then went to Medina during the reign of Umar ibn al-Khattab. Then he went to Syria to be one of Mu`awiyah's advisers.||”|
|“||This dialogue should alert us to the deceptive and successful attempt on the part of Ka'b to influence future events by satanic suggestions. It contains a great deal of deception which produced many harmful results to Islam and the Muslims.||”|
- The Shi'a: The Real Followers of the Sunnah by Muhammad al-Tijani chapter "Is it "the Book of Allah and my Progeny" or "the Book of Allah and my Sunnah"?" on Al-Islam.org
- ::: 'ULUM AL-QUR'AN #3 - THE HISTORY OF TAFSIR :::
- Ibn Hajar Asqalani, Taqrib al-Tahdhib, Op Cit., p. 135.
- Tarikh al-Tabari v4, p191 Printed by Dar al-Maarif - Cairo
- Tarikh al-Tabari European Edition v1, p62 - 63, quoted on Al-Islam.org 
- Yusuf ibn Abd-al-Barr - al-Istiab, v3, p1287 Printed in Cairo 1380 A.H
- On The Transmitters Of Isra'iliyyat (Judeo-Christian Material)
- The Shi'ites Under Attack by Muhammad Jawad Chirri, chapter "Did Muslims Other Than Shi'ites Borrow Religious Teachings from Jews?" on Al-Islam.org