Kapolei, Hawaii

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Kapolei
City
City of Kapolei
Aerial photo of "Villages of Kapolei" neighborhood
Aerial photo of "Villages of Kapolei" neighborhood
Nickname(s): The Second City of Oahu, Hawaii's e-City[1]
Kapolei is located in Hawaii
Kapolei
Kapolei
Location within the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°20′05″N 158°04′51″W / 21.33472°N 158.08083°W / 21.33472; -158.08083Coordinates: 21°20′05″N 158°04′51″W / 21.33472°N 158.08083°W / 21.33472; -158.08083
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Honolulu
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • County Mayor Kirk Caldwell (I)
 • Representative Sharon Har (D)
Area
 • Total 4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
 • Land 4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 51 ft (16 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,186
 • Density 3,700/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (HAST) (UTC-10)
ZIP codes 96707
Area code(s) 808
Kapolei City Center under development, taken from Makakilo Heights

Kapolei is a master-planned city in Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States, on the island of Oahu. It is colloquially known as the "second city" of Oahu,[2] in relation to Honolulu.

The community takes its name from a volcanic cone, Puʻu o Kapolei. In the Hawaiian language, puʻu means "hill" and Kapo lei means "beloved Kapo". According to legend, Kapo was sister to Pele.

Much of the land is part of the estate of industrialist James Campbell. Kapolei's major developer is Kapolei Property Development, a subsidiary of James Campbell Company.[3] Kapolei sits primarily upon former sugarcane and pineapple fields.

History[edit]

Planned as the second "urban center" on the island of Oahu, initial residential construction in the Kapolei area began in the late 1980s, with commercial developments springing up shortly thereafter. Two decades later, the Kapolei area has seen massive growth, and has become the center of business in the West Oahu region of the island. As of the 2010 census, the Kapolei CDP had a population of 15,186 people.[4]

Kapolei is quickly becoming the second urban center of Oahu, Hawaii's most densely populated island. Much of Oahu's future population growth is projected for the Kapolei area, ʻEwa Plain, and southern slopes of the island's central valley, between Waipahu near Pearl Harbor and Wahiawa near the island's center.

The U.S. postal code for Kapolei is 96707. In 2002, Pacific Business News reported that 96707 had the second highest median income on the island of Oahu, at $62,303. Sperlings's Best Places reports Kapolei median income of $70,129, compared to the national average of $42,350. Nearly one household in five has income exceeding $100,000, with a home ownership rate of 70%.

Communities[edit]

Other communities in the Kapolei area are the census-designated places of Makakilo and Naval Air Station Barbers Point (now known as Kalaeloa), the industrial area known as Campbell Industrial Park with its deepwater port, Barbers Point Harbor, and the resort and marina community of Ko Olina, which includes the Disney Aulani Resort and Ko Olina Golf Club.

Transportation[edit]

Ongoing road construction has not resolved continuing traffic problems. A Manawai Street-Kama‘aha Avenue extension was completed in August 2006 and helped to reduce congestion along Kamokila Boulevard and Farrington Highway. Kapolei Property Development began construction in January 2007 on a $2 million road to extend Kamokila Boulevard from Kapolei Parkway to Roosevelt Avenue. Kapolei Property Development recently contributed $6 million for a joint project with the State Department of Transportation for an additional freeway on-ramp.

Although state and county governments and some of Hawaii's largest companies have significant workplaces in Kapolei, population growth has far out-paced local job creation. A majority of Kapolei adults work in Honolulu, congesting the main traffic artery, Interstate H-1. In December 2006, the Honolulu City Council approved a fixed-guideway elevated rail system connecting Kapolei to Downtown Honolulu. In January 2007, Oahu residents saw an increase of 0.5 percent to the general excise tax to help cover the costs of construction of the system. The project broke ground in East Kapolei on February 22, 2011. Work on the foundations for the concrete pillars began shortly after in Waipahu; work to install the pillars started in East Kapolei in April 2012.

Climate[edit]

  • Highest temperature recorded 93°F in September 1967
  • Lowest temperature recorded 49°F in March 2005
  • Average high temperature in July, 88°F (31°C)
  • Average low temperature in July, 69°F (20°C)
  • Average high temperature in December, 80°F (26°C)
  • Average low temperature in December, 60°F (15°C)
  • Average rainfall in July, 0.00"
  • Average rainfall in December, 3.10"

Future structures[edit]

Main roads[edit]

Kapolei is located at the southern end of the slopes of the Waiʻanae mountain near the neighborhood of Makakilo. It is located on the ʻEwa Plain approximately 25 miles (40 km) from Honolulu. The Interstate H-1 freeway divides more recently developed Kapolei from Makakilo, and traveling eastward on H-1 connects to Waipahu. In the other direction, the freeway ends about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Kapolei, merging into Farrington Highway (State Route 93) to Kahe and then to Nānākuli on the Wai‘anae Coast. Traveling eastward on Farrington Highway connects to Honouliuli. Exit 1 on H-1 is Kalaeloa Boulevard, the entrance to Barbers Point and Campbell Industrial Park. Less than 1 mile beyond (west of) the merge of H-1 and Farrington Highway is an off ramp and overcrossing to the West Oahu resort area of Ko Olina.

To the south, Renton Road connects Kapolei to Kalaeloa and, further east, to 'Ewa Villages.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Kapolei is officially governed by the government of Honolulu County. The county government covers the entire island of Oahu, with the county seat being at Honolulu Hale in Honolulu. The governmental body includes the Mayor of Honolulu County, the Honolulu City and County Council, and state representatives.

Kapolei Hale, built in 2001, serves as the civic center and main municipal building of the City of Kapolei. The building contains an office for the Mayor, as well as offices of various city and county government agencies. Additionally, several state and county department offices have been relocated to the Kapolei area. In 2010 the Hawaii State Judiciary Court relocated family court matters from cramped offices in downtown Honolulu to a newly constructed, technologically advanced building in Kapolei.[5]

The Honolulu Police Department operates the Kapolei Regional Police Station.[6]

Education[edit]

The Hawaii Department of Education operates the public schools in Hawaii. Public elementary schools serving Kapolei addresses include Barbers Point, Kapolei, Makakilo, and Mauka Lani. Island Pacific Academy (pre-K through 12), opened as a private school in 2004; Island Pacific Academy is an International Baccalaureate (IB) school offering IB classes to all grades. American Renaissance Academy (pre-K through 12), opened as a private school in 2007 in Kalaeloa, Naval Air Station Barbers Point. Kapolei Middle School and Kapolei High School serve older children with Kapolei addresses.

University of Hawaii West O'ahu Campus newly opened for Fall 2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The City of Kapolei". Kapolei Property Development. 
  2. ^ "Kapolei Skyscraper Page". Skyscraper Source Media. Retrieved 2008-01-27. 
  3. ^ "About Us". Kapolei Property Development. Retrieved 2008-01-27. 
  4. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Kapolei CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Family Court Relocated." Retrieved on September 19, 2011.
  6. ^ "Contacting HPD." Honolulu Police Department. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.

External links[edit]