Klyuchi, Kamchatka Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Klyuchi.

Coordinates: 56°19′N 160°50′E / 56.317°N 160.833°E / 56.317; 160.833

View of Klyuchi

Klyuchi (Russian: Ключи́) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Ust-Kamchatsky District of Kamchatka Krai, Russia, located on the Kamchatka River, 30 kilometers (19 mi) to the north of Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano. Population: 5,726 (2010 Census);[1] 7,073 (2002 Census);[2] 11,251 (1989 Census).[3].

Geography[edit]

The settlement is located near the point where the course of the Kamchatka River turns from north to east.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1731. In 1951, it was granted urban-type settlement status and in 1979—town status. In 2004, it was demoted to a rural locality in order to become eligible for increased funding from the Russian federal budget.

Military[edit]

Klyuchi, being in a very isolated part of the former Soviet Union, has been near an intercontinental ballistic missile testing range since the Cold War, the Kura Test Range, and is served by Klyuchi air base.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Klyuchi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
3.7
(38.7)
7.4
(45.3)
17.4
(63.3)
28.4
(83.1)
30.0
(86)
31.1
(88)
29.6
(85.3)
23.9
(75)
17.7
(63.9)
11.6
(52.9)
5.3
(41.5)
31.1
(88)
Average high °C (°F) −12.9
(8.8)
−9.3
(15.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
2.3
(36.1)
9.8
(49.6)
17.7
(63.9)
20.7
(69.3)
18.8
(65.8)
13.7
(56.7)
6.3
(43.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
−10.4
(13.3)
4.2
(39.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−13.5
(7.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.2
(41.4)
12.2
(54)
15.6
(60.1)
14.1
(57.4)
9.1
(48.4)
2.8
(37)
−6.0
(21.2)
−13.9
(7)
−0.1
(31.8)
Average low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−17.6
(0.3)
−12.8
(9)
−5.7
(21.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.1
(44.8)
11.1
(52)
10.2
(50.4)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
−9.1
(15.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
Record low °C (°F) −48.6
(−55.5)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−10.3
(13.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−7.2
(19)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−42.2
(−44)
−48.6
(−55.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 68
(2.68)
59
(2.32)
48
(1.89)
32
(1.26)
30
(1.18)
38
(1.5)
49
(1.93)
67
(2.64)
50
(1.97)
66
(2.6)
65
(2.56)
60
(2.36)
632
(24.88)
Avg. rainy days 0 0 0 0.3 8 16 17 19 17 12 1 0.2 110
Avg. snowy days 20 18 18 10 2 0. 0 0 0 3 14 19 104
 % humidity 83 80 75 70 68 70 77 81 79 76 79 84 77
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net-Climate Data for Klyuchi 1981-2010". Retrieved November 12, 2012. 

External links[edit]