Kopet Dag

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Kopet Dag
خرِبِت كُپِتدَگ
View on the Kopetdag mountains from the Ahal plain.
Highest point
Peak Mount Binalud
Elevation 3,211 m (10,535 ft)
Coordinates 36°25′35″N 58°50′57″E / 36.42639°N 58.84917°E / 36.42639; 58.84917
Length 650 km (400 mi)
Kopet dag iran map.jpg
Map of Iran showing the location of Kopet Dag.
Countries Iran and Turkmenistan
Range coordinates 38°04′N 57°22′E / 38.07°N 57.37°E / 38.07; 57.37Coordinates: 38°04′N 57°22′E / 38.07°N 57.37°E / 38.07; 57.37

The Kopet Dag, Kopet Dagh, or Koppeh Dagh (Persian: Rivand Kuh‎, Turkmen: Köpetdag), also known as the Turkmen-Khorasan Mountain Range[1] is a mountain range on the frontier between Turkmenistan and Iran, extending about 650 kilometres (400 mi) along the border, east of the Caspian Sea. The highest peak of the range in Turkmenistan is southwest of the capital Ashgabat and stands at 2,940 metres (9,646 ft). The highest Iranian summit is 3,191 metres (10,469 ft).


The Kopet Dag Range is a region characterized by foothills, dry and sandy slopes, mountain plateaus, and steep ravines. The Kopet Dag is undergoing tectonic transformation, and is subject to severe earthquakes. Earthquakes exceeding seven on the Richter scale have been recorded.[2]

Kopetdag mountains in early spring.

The most western foothills of the Kopetdag mountains called 'Kyurendag Ridge'.


The foothills of the Kopet-Dag near Ashgabat are the site of the remains of the ancient Parthian city of Nisa (Nessa, Nusaý).

Ski resort[edit]

This mountain range has a ski resort, officially opened by the former president of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov. Despite the lack of snow in the Kopet Dag mountains, Niyazov was determined to build a major resort there.[3]

Plants and Animals[edit]

Kopet Dag Mountains in May.

The woodlands of the region are home to many fruit trees, shrubs, and vines that have proved valuable for human use and selective breeding, including pomegranate (Punica granatum), wild grapes Vitis sylvestris, fig (Ficus carica), wild apple (Malus turkmenorum), wild pear (Pyrus boissieriana), wild cherries (Prunus spp., also called Cerasus microcarpa, C. erythrocarpa, C. blinovskii), wild prune (Prunus divaricata), almonds (Amygdalus communis=Prunus dulcis, and A. scoparia=Prunus scoparia), and hawthorns (Crataegus spp.).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ,"خرِبِت كُپِتدَگ: Iran". Retrieved 2010-09-09. .
  2. ^ Oct. 5, 1948 - More than 110,000 people were killed by 7.3 quake. Staff (11 January 2005) "World's worst natural disasters since 1900" CBS News
  3. ^ Turkmen government announces new construction projects Universal Newswires, accessed on November 15, 2012.