LGBT rights in Bolivia

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LGBT rights in Bolivia
Bolivia
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Yes
Military service No
Discrimination protections Yes
Family rights
Recognition of
relationships
No
Restrictions:
Same-sex marriage not allowed
Adoption Married and single people allowed to adopt

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Bolivia may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Bolivia.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity is legal.

Discrimination protections[edit]

Article 14(II) of the Constitution of Bolivia, implemented in February 2009, prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.[1][Note 1] Article 281ter. of the Penal Code criminalizes discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.[Note 2] This law was added in 2010 by Article 23 of the Law Against Racism and All Forms of Discrimination.[2]

These protections, however, are not always carried out.[3]

In December 2013 the Armed Forces announced intention to allow gays and lesbians to serve in its ranks from 2015.[4]

Recognition of same-sex unions[edit]

Article 63 of the constitution limits legally recognized marriage to opposite-sex unions.[1]

In July 2010, Vice President Álvaro García Linera said that the government had no plans to legalize same-sex marriage.[5]

In April 2012, a member of the opposition coalition, the National Convergence, introduced a bill in the Plurinational Legislative Assembly to legalize same-sex civil unions.[6][7] However, the bill has not advanced.[8]

In July 2014 Bolivia's public advocate Rolando Villena called for same-sex unions to be included in the country's new family code.[9]

Adoption of children[edit]

Bolivia allows both married and single people to adopt children.[10]

Summary table[edit]

Gay sex legal with equality on age of consent Yes[11]
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes (Since 2009)
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas Yes (Since 2009)
Hate crimes laws covering both sexual orientation and gender identity Yes (Since 2010)
Gays allowed to serve in the military No (not allowed until 2015)
Recognition of same-sex couples (e.g. civil unions) No
Same-sex marriage No
Adoption by same-sex couples No
Right to change legal gender Yes[12]
Access to IVF for lesbians Emblem-question.svg
MSMs allowed to donate blood Emblem-question.svg

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The official text of Article 14(II) in Spanish (Constitución Política del Estado):

    El Estado prohíbe y sanciona toda forma de discriminación fundada en razón de sexo, color, edad, orientación sexual, identidad de género, origen, cultura, nacionalidad, ciudadanía, idioma, credo religioso, ideología, filiación política o filosófica, estado civil, condición económica o social, tipo de ocupación, grado de instrucción, discapacidad, embarazo, u otras que tengan por objetivo o resultado anular o menoscabar el reconocimiento, goce o ejercicio, en condiciones de igualdad, de los derechos de toda persona.

  2. ^ The official text of Article 281ter. in Spanish (Ley Contra el Racismo y Toda Forma de Discriminación):

    La persona que arbitrariamente e ilegalmente obstruya, restrinja, menoscabe, impida o anule el ejercicio de los derechos individuales y colectivos, por motivos de sexo, edad, género, orientación sexual e identidad de género, identidad cultural, filiación familiar, nacionalidad, ciudadanía, idioma, credo religioso, ideología, opinión política o filosófica, estado civil, condición económica o social, enfermedad, tipo de ocupación, grado de instrucción, capacidades diferentes o discapacidad física, intelectual o sensorial, estado de embarazo, procedencia regional, apariencia física y vestimenta, será sancionado con pena privativa de libertad de uno a cinco años.

References[edit]