Descartes, Indre-et-Loire

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Descartes
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Descartes
Coat of arms
Descartes is located in France
Descartes
Descartes
Coordinates: 46°58′28″N 0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986Coordinates: 46°58′28″N 0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986
Country France
Region Centre
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Loches
Canton Descartes
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jacques Barbier
Area
 • Land1 38.08 km2 (14.70 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 3,817
 • Population2 density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 37115 / 37160
Elevation 37–121 m (121–397 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Descartes is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It is approximately 13 miles east of Richelieu and about 24 miles east of Loudun, on the banks of the Creuze River.

History[edit]

Liberation of Descartes (then La Haye-Descartes) in 1944

Initially called La Haye en Touraine, the town was the birthplace of the philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650), although his family home was in nearby Chatellerault. Descartes left La Haye in approximately 1606 to attend the College Henri IV at La Fleche.[1] The town was renamed La Haye-Descartes in 1802 in his honor, and then renamed again to Descartes in 1967.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 997 —    
1800 850 −14.7%
1806 943 +10.9%
1821 1,123 +19.1%
1831 1,293 +15.1%
1836 1,393 +7.7%
1841 1,459 +4.7%
1846 1,592 +9.1%
1851 1,633 +2.6%
1856 1,532 −6.2%
1861 1,620 +5.7%
1866 1,609 −0.7%
1872 1,722 +7.0%
1876 1,735 +0.8%
1881 1,608 −7.3%
1886 1,694 +5.3%
1891 1,806 +6.6%
1896 1,786 −1.1%
1901 1,622 −9.2%
1906 1,638 +1.0%
1911 1,697 +3.6%
1921 1,702 +0.3%
1926 1,670 −1.9%
1931 1,570 −6.0%
1936 1,537 −2.1%
1946 1,477 −3.9%
1954 1,466 −0.7%
1962 1,679 +14.5%
1968 4,267 +154.1%
1975 4,446 +4.2%
1982 4,357 −2.0%
1990 4,120 −5.4%
1999 4,015 −2.5%
2006 3,855 −4.0%
2009 3,817 −1.0%

Personalities[edit]

The town is notable in Acadian genealogy as the birthplace of the Heberts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Editor's Preface" in Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Hackett: 1998)