La Souterraine

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La Souterraine
La Souterraine, clocher de l'église.JPG
Coat of arms of La Souterraine
Coat of arms
La Souterraine is located in France
La Souterraine
La Souterraine
Coordinates: 46°14′15″N 1°29′10″E / 46.2374°N 1.4862°E / 46.2374; 1.4862Coordinates: 46°14′15″N 1°29′10″E / 46.2374°N 1.4862°E / 46.2374; 1.4862
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Creuse
Arrondissement Guéret
Canton La Souterraine
Intercommunality Pays Sostranien
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-François Muguay
Area
 • Land1 37.07 km2 (14.31 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 5,435
 • Population2 density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 23176 / 23300
Elevation 284–456 m (932–1,496 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Souterraine (Occitan: La Sotarrana) is a commune in the Creuse department in the Limousin region in central France.

Geography[edit]

An area of farming and light industry comprising the town and a few small hamlets situated some 20 miles (32 km) west of Guéret at the junction of the D1, D912, D951 and the N145 roads. The small river Sédelle, a tributary of the Creuse River, flows through the town. It is also served by a TER railway link.

The Benaize, a tributary of the Anglin, has its source in the commune.

The Brame, a tributary of the Gartempe, has its source in the commune.

History[edit]

There is evidence of pre-Roman occupation here, attested by the discovery of stone age tools and a menhir. Remains of Roman villas and temples have been unearthed. In medieval times, a church and fortified walls were built. The name of the town, translating as ‘subterranean’, comes from the underground parts of the church, the crypt.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 4,718 —    
1968 5,104 +8.2%
1975 5,302 +3.9%
1982 5,690 +7.3%
1990 5,490 −3.5%
1999 5,320 −3.1%
2008 5,435 +2.2%

Sights[edit]

  • The church dating from the eleventh century, with its Roman crypt.
  • The fifteenth-century Manorhouse de Châteaurenaud.
  • The thirteenth-century gate, the Porte de St.Jean, and the rest of the ramparts.
  • A feudal motte, circular tower and the castle at Bridiers.
  • The eighteenth-century chapel of the hospital.
  • The ancient chapel of Sainte-Eutrope.
  • The fourteenth-century church at Bussière-Madeleine.
The tower of St.Jean's gate

See also[edit]

La Souterraine has the biggest animated circus in the world.

References[edit]

External links[edit]