La Souterraine

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La Souterraine
The bell tower of the church in La Souterraine
The bell tower of the church in La Souterraine
Coat of arms of La Souterraine
Coat of arms
La Souterraine is located in France
La Souterraine
La Souterraine
Coordinates: 46°14′15″N 1°29′10″E / 46.2374°N 1.4862°E / 46.2374; 1.4862Coordinates: 46°14′15″N 1°29′10″E / 46.2374°N 1.4862°E / 46.2374; 1.4862
Country France
Region Limousin
Arrondissement Guéret
Canton La Souterraine
Intercommunality Pays Sostranien
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-François Muguay
Area1 37.07 km2 (14.31 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 5,435
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 23176 / 23300
Elevation 284–456 m (932–1,496 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

La Souterraine (Occitan: La Sotarrana) is a commune in the Creuse department in the Limousin region in central France.

Geography[edit]

An area of farming and light industry comprising the town and a few small hamlets situated some 20 miles (32 km) west of Guéret at the junction of the D1, D912, D951 and the N145 roads. The small river Sédelle, a tributary of the Creuse River, flows through the town. It is also served by a TER railway link.

The Benaize, a tributary of the Anglin, has its source in the commune.

The Brame, a tributary of the Gartempe, has its source in the commune.

History[edit]

There is evidence of pre-Roman occupation here, attested by the discovery of stone age tools and a menhir. Remains of Roman villas and temples have been unearthed. In medieval times, a church and fortified walls were built. The name of the town, translating as ‘subterranean’, comes from the underground parts of the church, the crypt.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 4,718 —    
1968 5,104 +8.2%
1975 5,302 +3.9%
1982 5,690 +7.3%
1990 5,490 −3.5%
1999 5,320 −3.1%
2008 5,435 +2.2%

Sights[edit]

  • The church dating from the eleventh century, with its Roman crypt.
  • The fifteenth-century Manorhouse de Châteaurenaud.
  • The thirteenth-century gate, the Porte de St.Jean, and the rest of the ramparts.
  • A feudal motte, circular tower and the castle at Bridiers.
  • The eighteenth-century chapel of the hospital.
  • The ancient chapel of Sainte-Eutrope.
  • The fourteenth-century church at Bussière-Madeleine.
The tower of St.Jean's gate

See also[edit]

La Souterraine has the biggest animated circus in the world.

References[edit]

External links[edit]