Laboratory specimen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In medicine, a laboratory specimen is a biological specimen taken by sampling, that is, gathered matter of a medical patient's tissue, fluid, or other material derived from the patient used for laboratory analysis to assist differential diagnosis or staging of a disease process. Common examples include throat swabs, sputum, urine, blood, surgical drain fluids, tissue biopsies, etc.

In zoology, a laboratory specimen is a sample of a species which is preserved and made available to researchers for elucidating the structure, general appearance, various organs, and details related to the specimen's body.

A specimen can also refer to a sample of any other substance taken by sampling, for example - soil, air, chemicals, entire living creatures, or anything else which can be studied to represent a whole entity.