The Lock Keeper's House at Rocky Mount Canal near Great Falls, downstream of the Landsford Canal. This was moved to the Landsford Canal.
|Location||Chester / Lancaster counties, South Carolina, USA|
|Nearest city||Lancaster, South Carolina|
|Area||660 acres (267 ha)|
|Governing body||South Carolina Department of Parks and Tourism|
|NRHP Reference #||69000163|
|Added to NRHP||December 3, 1969|
The Landford Canal was the farthest upstream of a series of canals built on the Catawba and Wateree Rivers to provide a direct water route between the upstate settlements and the towns on the fall line. It is located along the Catawba River in Chester County and Lancaster County west of Lancaster. It is named for an early settler, Thomas Land, who owned the land with a ford across the Catawba River. It is the centerpiece of the Landsford Canal State Park.
The canal was designed by Robert Mills. Construction began in 1820, using slave labor and skilled laborers from the northern United States under the supervision of Robert Leckie. It was 2 mi (3.2 km) long. It was 12 ft ( 3.7 m) wide and ten ft (3 m) deep. It had five locks for the 32 ft (9.8 m) descent of the river.
The canal was not a financial success. In 1824, one of the locks collapsed due to a poor foundation. Canal traffic, which was never high, had apparently ceased by 1840. The granite locks and the lock keeper's house survive.
The Landsford Canal was put on the National Register of Historic Places in 1969. There are additional pictures, architectural drawings, and information about the lock keeper's house available from the Historic American Building Survey at the Library of Congress. Their documentation indicates the lock keeper's house at Landsford Canal was moved from Rocky Mount Canal near Great Falls downstream.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Cox, James L. (June 2, 1969). "Lansford Canal" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "Landsford Canal, Chester County (off U.S. Hwy 21, Rowell vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- Edgar, Walter, ed. The South Carolina Encyclopedia, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, p. 534, ISBN 1-57003-598-9
- Prints and Photographs Online Catalog - Search for "Rocky Mount Canal"
- List of canals in the United States
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Landsford Canal