Lancaster County, South Carolina

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Lancaster County, South Carolina
Lancaster County Courthouse (Built 1828), Lancaster, South Carolina.jpg
Lancaster County Courthouse
Map of South Carolina highlighting Lancaster County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Seat Lancaster
Largest city Lancaster
Area
 • Total 555 sq mi (1,437 km2)
 • Land 549 sq mi (1,422 km2)
 • Water 6 sq mi (16 km2), 1.13%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 80,458
 • Density 140/sq mi (53.9/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website mylancastersc.org

Lancaster County /ˈlæŋkəstər/ is a county located in the Piedmont of the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2013 census estimate, its population was 80,458.[1] Its county seat is Lancaster.[2]

Lancaster County is included in the Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

For hundreds of years the Catawba Indians claimed all of present Lancaster County as part of their tribal lands. The Catawba were once considered one of the most powerful Southeastern Siouan-speaking tribes. The Catawba and other Siouan peoples are believed to have coalesced as individual tribes in the Southeast. Primarily involved in agriculture, the Catawba were friendly toward early European Immigrants.

When the first White people came in the early 1750s they settled between Rum Creek and Twelve Mile Creek. Waxhaw Creek within this area had taken its name from the Waxhaw Indian tribe. The majority of the new settlers were Scots-Irish from Pennsylvania; others from North Carolina and Virginia joined them.

Many of the early settlers came to South Carolina from Lancaster, Pennsylvania. They had named their county for the House of Lancaster which had opposed the House of York in the struggles of 1455-85, known as the War of the Roses. The House of Lancaster chose the red rose as their emblem while their neighbor, York County, boasts the white rose.

A second settlement was made in the lower part of the present Lancaster County on Hanging Rock Creek. The first grant was made there in 1752, and included the huge overhanging mass of rock from which the creek takes its name. About the time this section was opened up, others came in and settled along Lynches Creek, Little Lynches creek, Flat Creek, Beaver Creek, and lower Camp Creek. In coming to the Lancaster area, the first settlers had to follow old Indian paths, which became traveled so frequently, they were coming to be known as roads.

The Rocky River Road is an old route that originated as an Indian path. Along there in the American Revolutionary War, Colonel Abraham Buford fled from Tarleton and was overtaken a few miles south of the North Carolina state line where the Patriot forces were defeated in a controversial struggle known as the Battle of Waxhaws, also known as Bufords Massacre to locals. Today, the Rocky River Road is part of South Carolina Highway 522, the latter following the old thoroughfare very closely.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 555.1 square miles (1,437.7 km2), of which 549.2 square miles (1,422.4 km2) is land and 6 square miles (15.5 km2) (1.1%) is water.[3] It is bounded on the west by the Catawba River and Sugar Creek and on the east by the Lynches River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 6,302
1800 6,012 −4.6%
1810 6,318 5.1%
1820 8,716 38.0%
1830 10,361 18.9%
1840 9,907 −4.4%
1850 10,988 10.9%
1860 11,797 7.4%
1870 12,087 2.5%
1880 16,903 39.8%
1890 20,761 22.8%
1900 24,311 17.1%
1910 26,650 9.6%
1920 28,628 7.4%
1930 27,980 −2.3%
1940 33,542 19.9%
1950 37,071 10.5%
1960 39,352 6.2%
1970 43,328 10.1%
1980 53,361 23.2%
1990 54,516 2.2%
2000 61,351 12.5%
2010 76,652 24.9%
Est. 2013 80,458 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 61,351 people, 23,178 households, and 16,850 families residing in the county. The population density was 112 inhabitants per square mile (43 /km2). There were 24,962 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.03% White American, 26.86% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.27% Asian American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,178 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,688, and the median income for a family was $40,955. Males had a median income of $30,176 versus $22,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,276. About 9.70% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty threshold, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents/natives[edit]

  • Bill Belk, professional football player (San Francisco 49ers)
  • Will Brice, professional football player (St. Lois Rams, Cincinnati Bengals)
  • Sheldon Brown, professional football player
  • Wayne A. Cauthen, first appointed African-American City Manager, Kansas City, MO
  • Danny Clyburn, professional baseball player (Baltimore Orioles, Tampa Bay Devil Rays, Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • Shawn Crawford, sprinter and Olympic gold medalist
  • Don Dixon, record producer, songwriter, musician
  • Charles Duke, astronaut and moon-walker
  • Pep Harris, professional baseball player (Cleveland Indians, Anaheim Angels)
  • Jim Hodges, former Governor of South Carolina
  • Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States[7]
  • Doug Llewelyn, original host of The People's Court
  • Nina Mae McKinney, actress and Broadway star
  • Todd Ray, aka 'T-Ray', Grammy Award-winning record producer
  • Julie Roberts, country music singer
  • Aaron Robinson, Major League Baseball player (New York Yankees, Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox, Boston Red Sox)
  • Darrell Shropshire, professional football player
  • J. Marion Sims, surgeon known as the "Father of Modern Gynecology"
  • The Zodiacs, led by Maurice Williams, R&B vocal group
  • Jeff Twitty, professional baseball player (Kansas City Royals)
  • Brian Williams, professional baseball player (Houston Astros, Detroit Tigers, Baltimore Orioles, Chicago Cubs, Boston Red Sox)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Born in the Waxhaw region on the North CarolinaSouth Carolina border. Exactly on which side of the border Jackson was born is in dispute. Jackson himself considered South Carolina as his birth state, and that is how it is most frequently listed. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/03/06/AR2011030603406.html?wprss=rss_print/asection

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°41′N 80°42′W / 34.69°N 80.70°W / 34.69; -80.70