Lee Oskar

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Lee Oskar
WarOriginalLineup 01.jpg
Lee Oskar (standing third from right) with War in 1976
Background information
Birth name Lee Oskar Levitin
Born (1948-03-24) 24 March 1948 (age 66)
Origin Copenhagen, Denmark
Genres Rock, funk, blues, jazz
Occupations Musician, songwriter
Instruments Harmonica
Years active 1966–present
Associated acts War, S.O.B. (Same Old Band), Lowrider Band
Website http://www.leeoskar.com/
Members Howard E. Scott, Harold Ray Brown, B.B. Dickerson
Past members Charles Miller, PaPa Dee Allen (AKA Sylvester Allen)

Lee Oskar (born 24 March 1948, Copenhagen, Denmark)[1] is a Danish harmonica player,[2] notable for his contributions to the sound of the rock-funk fusion group War, which he formed with Eric Burdon,[3] his solo work, and as a harmonica manufacturer.[4] He currently plays with 3 other original WAR band members, Harold Brown, Howard Scott and B.B. Dickerson, under the name LowRider Band.

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1948, Oskar was six years old when a family friend gave him his first harmonica.[5] "I came from an area where every kid on the block had a harmonica", he remembers.[6] He grew up listening to Danish radio, enjoying all types of music and cites Ray Charles as the biggest influence from that period.[7] When he was 17, Oskar decided that the United States was where a harmonica player should make his career,[6] so he moved to New York at the age of 18 with little more than a harmonica in his pocket.[5] With no money, Oskar played harmonica in the streets of New York.[6] Eventually arriving in Los Angeles, via Toronto and San Francisco, Oskar soon met and joined forces with Eric Burdon who had recently disbanded The Animals and was searching for new collaborators.[8] Together, the harp-playing Dane (born Lee Oskar Levitin[9]) and the British blues-rock singer made the rounds of the L.A. clubs, eventually hooking up with the soon-to-be members of War.[10] Burdon agreed to the novel idea of pairing up Oskar's harmonica with Charles Miller's saxophone to form a horn section. This team-up set War apart from the start, giving Oskar room to display the full spectrum of his improvisational prowess. Oskar's harmonica magic was always a vital element in War's music and performances. Oskar continued with War for 24 years non-stop. At the end of 1992, during the time of dispute over the WAR trademark, Oskar took a few years to continue his solo career and to focus on his Lee Oskar Harmonica manufacturing.[10]

War[edit]

Lee Oskar who has been described as "a virtuoso,"[11] "the harmonica whiz"[12] "a war hero,"[13] "legendary,"[5] a master of "musical wizardry,"[14] and considered, "...among the best rock-blues-soul harmonica players."[15] His role as a founding member and former lead harmonica player of the pioneer funk-jazz group War won him international renown for over two and a half decades (1969–1993). Oskar's signature solos helped to define the War sound from the band's beginning in 1969, adding dashes of color to its R&B, jazz, rock, and Latin influences.[14] Oskar's position with War was a prominent one from its early days with singer Eric Burdon onward.[16] "My playing has become more aggressive over the years", he says. "In the beginning, my role was playing horn lines. Today, it's evolved to the point where I'm playing a lead instrument. If I'm not doing a solo, I'm playing counterlines — I try to paint within certain spaces in the music to help create the overall picture."

Solo career[edit]

The eclectic, multicultural nature of War's music is also evident in Oskar's solo projects.[17] Three well regarded albums released between 1976 and 1981 (and recently rereleased on CD) brought critical and popular acclaim[18] including being voted No. 1 Instrumental Artist of the Year for 1976 in Billboard, Cashbox and Record World.[19] The albums, like Oskar's live performances, show the diverse influences of his musicality. A composer, his compositions have been featured on movie sound tracks and television commercials. He has been the recipient of many Gold and Platinum recordings and honored with special ASCAP Writing Awards. His music has more recently influenced the song "Timber", which was performed by rapper Pitbull and Kesha; which was inspired by Oskar's melodic harmonica playing within his song "San Francisco Bay".

Lee Oskar harmonica[edit]

In 1983 Oskar formed a company to manufacture high-quality harmonicas. His company, Lee Oskar Harmonica, sells harmonicas suited to many different styles of music, including the most common blues, folk, rock, R&B and country but Oskar's altered tunings also allows players to explore other genres such as Hip Hop, Ragge, Ska, Latin, Gypsy, Yiddish, Eastern European, Asian, and many other types of music. The harmonicas themselves are manufactured by Tombo of Japan.[1] Oskar's harmonica company celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2008 at the NAMM Show.[20] and has now surpassed his 30th anniversary.

Influences[edit]

Several modern musicians, such as Mike Tetrault, cited Oskar as an important influence. When Junior Wells died, he was buried with a tray of Lee Oskar harmonicas.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Duvall harpist earns Hall of Fame". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. August 17, 2003. Retrieved February 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ Tim Carman. "What Is It Good For?". Houston Press. Retrieved February 6, 2009. 
  3. ^ Steve Zimmerman. "Eric Burdon Sill Rocking After 40 Years of Hits". Ashland Daily Tidings. Retrieved February 6, 2009. 
  4. ^ The Weekender. "Music in Southern California". Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c Errol Nazareth. "CBC Metro Music". Retrieved February 7, 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b c Nick Snow. "Lee Oskar and his harmonica step out from, and with, War". Deseret News. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  7. ^ Doug Deutsch. "Los Angeles Blues". Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  8. ^ Mel Shields. "Lee Oskar". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved February 6, 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ Jerryz. "War worth revisiting". The Malay Mail. Retrieved February 6, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b Steve Huey. "MTV All Music Guide". Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  11. ^ David Silverman (March 8, 1989). "2 decades later, there's still plenty of battle and funk left in War". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  12. ^ Stephen Holden (July 11, 1982). "Prefunk: War's Comeback". The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  13. ^ Ampersand. "On Disc". Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b Robert L. Jamieson, Jr. "Camp Article". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved February 7, 2009. [dead link]
  15. ^ Bill Snyder. "Letters to the Editor". Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  16. ^ Pierre Perrone (April 23, 2008). "Eric Burdon & War, Royal Albert Hall, London". The Independent (London). Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
  17. ^ Jeff Johnson. "Oskar Keeps blowin’ his harp". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 6, 2009. 
  18. ^ Eleanor Momberg. "Lee Oskar: Live at the Pitt Inn. (Life)". The Sunday Independent. Retrieved February 8, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Loose Blues news". Maple Blues Magazine. Retrieved February 8, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Lee Oskar Playing Harmonica celebrating his 25th anniversary in 2008 at the NAMM Show in Anaheim". YouTube. 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  21. ^ Dave Hoekstra. "Wells laid to rest". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 8, 2009. "Wells' nephew, Michael Blakemore, had placed inside the casket, along with a tray of Lee Oskar harmonicas" 

External links[edit]