Lejay, Afghanistan

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Lejay, and some major cities of Afghanistan.
Lejay
Lejay is located in Afghanistan
Lejay
Lejay
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°09′N 65°08′E / 33.150°N 65.133°E / 33.150; 65.133
Country  Afghanistan
Province Helmand Province
Time zone UTC+4:30

Lejay, Afghanistan is a small village where a Taliban commander named Kabir (Sub-Cdr of Mullah Wahid - Objective), executed an ambush on a U.S. Special Forces Reconnaissance element, consisting of seven Green Beret detachments (A-Teams) on February 10, 2003. The killzone for the ambush site was 2 km wide by 3 km long. The subsequent battle, initiated by the ambush, lasted for 43 hours. During this engagement, a multitude of munitions were dropped by CAS (Close Air Support) ranging from 500 lbs to 2000 lbs.

Several of the Green Berets received shrapnel and grazing wounds, but none were medivaced from the area. At least 43 Taliban insurgents were killed during the engagement. As of February 2013, this remains the longest solely Green Beret battle of the Afghanistan conflict. The Green Berets who participated refer to this battle as the "Baghran Valley 3K Fun Run".[1]

The Americans rounded up dozens of prisoners.[2][3] By one account, the Americans rounded up 70 Afghans. Another account said they rounded up 40 Afghans. The Americans selected some of the men they rounded up;most of the men were released. They selected the men whose clothes appeared to have blood or gunpowder stains on them, or who were wearing army surplus jackets, or who appeared to have suffered temporary hearing impairment from firing weapons.

American soldiers questioned a large number of men of fighting age regarding the fighters who participated in the ambush and subsequent battle. The majority of those questioned were released and permitted to return to their homes. The Americans transported approximately 53 men of fighting age back to Bagram Air Field for further questioning. They detained these individuals because of additional circumstances, including to gun residue, 107mm grease, and various other indicators indicative of being a combatant. Military clothing or ownership of a weapon was not a factor, as this was and continues to be common amongst tribal entities throughout Afghanistan. They were mostly captured in the vicinity of the cave network, dubbed "Mickey Mouse Ears" where the American unit continued to take sporadic fire for eight days after the initial battle.[1]]

According to the evidence produced at the Combatant Status Review Tribunals, some of the men who were not released were sent to the Guantanamo Bay detainment camp, in Cuba.

Press reports of the military action in the neighborhood of Lejay[edit]

Coalition forces conducted an aerial campaign against the neighborhood of Lejay.[4] Haji Pir Mohammad, the deputy governor of Helmand, led a six-man investigative team to the region, to investigate villager's reports of a massive American aerial bombardment.[5] A Personal Security Detachment of 3 X A-teams, who accompanied the Karzai delegation.[1] Mirwais Afghan (February 13, 2003). "Afghans Say More Civilians Die in U.S.-Led Raids". Reuters. Retrieved 2007-03-16.  Pir Mohammad reported that he had seen 17 Afghan casualties, but he could not state whether the casualties were Afghan civilians, or enemy fighters, wearing civilian clothes. The delegation was in Lejay for two days (15-17FEB02). They were escorted by Green Berets as a security precaution. During the two days, only one casualty was identify which was a boy of approximately twelve years of age. It was not apparent what or who caused the injury.[1]

Reuters interviewed Afghan official Haji Mohammad Wali, by phone, from Lashkargah, Helmand's capital. According to his account the civilian casualties were mainly women and children.

Reuters quoted a villager from the region who recounted seeing a home that had been demolished by the bombing, killing eight members of the family that had lived there.

Colonel Roger King, a US military spokesman, told reporters that the US Special Forces hunting the ambushers believed they were hunting between thirty and one hundred fighters. He informed reporters that American troops had found ammunition casings and empty rocket tubes. He called the reports of civilian casualties "unsupported". He stated that the US aerial bombardment had been confined to caves, and the ridgeline east and west of Lejay.

According to King: "Battle damage assessment conducted in support of operation Eagle Fury has not indicated any non-combatant casualties to date,"

[There was a single civilian casualty encountered in Lejay. Upon arrival of the Karzai delegation, 15FEB02, while my team and I escorted them to various surrounding villages, a boy who was approximately twelve years of age was brought out of a residence. The boy's uncle said that the boy had been shot by Americans. Our 18D (Medical Sergeant) was called forward and treated the boy's wound. It could not be ascertained who inflicted the injury. However, according to the uncle, the boy's father had taken him up into the mountains where they remained with others in an unidentified cave. The boy had been injured while collecting fire wood. The boy was MEDIVAC'd less than three hours later to Bagram Air Field for treatment.[1] Between 10FEB02 and 18FEB02, there was a single funeral held IVO Lejay. The body of a Taliban fighter had been recovered from the cave complexes and, in accordance with the Muslim faith, was buried as soon as possible following death. That particular male had been killed by the concussion created from bombs which had been dropped IVO the cave he was in, due to the blood identified coming from his ears and nose. His body was also black from having been exposed to the harsh temperatures up in the mountains (There was a substantial amount of snow in the region at that time of year).[1]

Inconsistent reports of the scale of the US operations[edit]

Press reports of the scale of the bombardment King reported were inconsistent.

  • On February 12, 2003, the New York Times quoted King as acknowledging coalition forces dropping almost 20 2,000 pound bombs.[6]
  • On February 12, 2003, the Sydney Morning Herald quoted King acknowledging "Close air support was requested, and coalition F-16s dropped five 500-pound bombs."[7]
  • On February 13, 2003, Reuters quoted King acknowledging that the US had dropped a single 2,000 pound bomb, and fired ten 105mm cannon rounds from an AC130 aerial gunship.[5]
  • On February 13, 2003, The Guardian reported that the region had been subjected to an eight hour bombardment, from a mixed force of B1 and B52 bombers.[8]
  • On February 14, 2003, the BBC quoted King acknowledging that the coalition had dropped four 500 pound bombs.[9]

Allegations, testimony and status of the Lejay villagers[edit]

ID name notes
966 Baridad
  • Abdul Bagi called on Baridad's testifimony at his Combatant Status Review Tribunal.[2]
  • On December 16, 2006 the New York Times reported: "Another returning Afghan, Haji Baridad, who said he did not know his age, spent five years in Guantánamo. He appeared disturbed and kept complaining that an Afghan translator took his money — 3,600 Pakistani rupees, or about $62 — when he was detained."[10][11][12]
  • Other captives apprehended on February 10, 2003 faced the allegation they were captured with a senior Taliban commander, named, alternately Baridad and Bari Dad Khan.
CSRT Transcript
allegations testimony
  • Alleged to have temporary hearing loss from using heavy weapons.
  • Alleged to have operated a Taliban intelligence collection network.
  • Testified he was a penniless, illiterate farmer who didn't even own his own land. He farmed a portion of Kushky Yar's land.
ARB Transcript
allegations testimony
  • Testified he was grateful to the Americans for giving him wheat when his family was hungry.
  • Alleged to live in an area where the Taliban tapped income from the illicit opium trade.
  • Acknowledged that he and his neighbors had grown limited amounts of opium during the "Taliban's kingship" [sic], but they quit when Hamid Karzai became king [sic].
  • Alleged to have once glimpsed Abdul Wahid, from a distance, years ago, in a neighboring village.
  • Acknowledged glimpsing Wahid, but he didn't meet him.
  • "Capture data" allegedly indicated he was captured in a taxi.
  • Claimed he was captured sunning himself on a bench outside his home.
963 Abdul Bagi
964 Rahmatullah .
972 Alif Mohammed .

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Operations Log of MSG (Ret) J.Michael "Crusty" Mauldwin; SFODA 762; Participant
  2. ^ a b Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Abdul Bagi's Combatant Status Review Tribunal - pages 1-12
  3. ^ Summarized transcript (.pdf), from Rahmatullah's Administrative Review Board hearing - page 49
  4. ^ "U.S. bombers pound Afghan caves". CNN. February 13, 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  5. ^ a b Mirwais Afghan (February 13, 2003). "Afghans Say More Civilians Die in U.S.-Led Raids". Reuters. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  6. ^ Gall, Carlotta (February 12, 2003). "Afghans Report 17 Civilian Deaths in U.S.-Led Bombing". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-03-16. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Coalition warplanes bomb Afghan caves after ambush". Sydney Morning Herald. February 12, 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-17. 
  8. ^ Rory McCarthy (February 13, 2003). "17 Afghan villagers 'killed in American bombing raids'". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  9. ^ "Coalition forces step up Afghan raids". BBC. February 14, 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  10. ^ Abdul Waheed Wafa, Freed From Guantánamo Bay, 7 Afghans Arrive in Kabul, New York Times, December 17, 2006
  11. ^ Abdul Waheed Wafa, 7 Afghans free after 5 years at Guantánamo, International Herald Tribune, December 17, 2006
  12. ^ Seven home from Guantanamo, Taipei Times, December 17, 2006

Coordinates: 33°09′N 65°08′E / 33.150°N 65.133°E / 33.150; 65.133