Let Us Now Praise Famous Men
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Let Us Now Praise Famous Men is a book with text by American writer James Agee and photographs by American photographer Walker Evans first published in 1941 in the United States. The title is from a passage in the Wisdom of Sirach (44:1) that begins, "Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that begat us". The book was the inspiration for the Aaron Copland opera The Tender Land.
The book Let Us Now Praise Famous Men grew out of an assignment the two men accepted in 1936 to produce a magazine article on the conditions among white sharecropper families in the U.S. South during the "Dust Bowl". It was the time of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt's "New Deal" programs designed to help the poorest segments of the society. Agee and Evans spent eight weeks that summer researching their assignment, mainly among three white sharecropping families mired in desperate poverty. They returned with Evans' portfolio of stark images—of families with gaunt faces, adults and children huddled in bare shacks before dusty yards in the Depression-era nowhere of the deep south—and Agee's detailed notes.
As he remarks in the book's preface, the original assignment was to produce a "photographic and verbal record of the daily living and environment of an average white family of tenant farmers". However, as the Literary Encyclopedia points out, "Agee ultimately conceived of the project as a work of several volumes to be entitled Three Tenant Families, though only the first volume, Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, was ever written". Agee considered that the larger work, though based in journalism, would be "an independent inquiry into certain normal predicaments of human divinity".
The resulting single book is a critically praised opus that leapt over the traditional forms and limitations of journalism of the time. By combining factual reportage with passages of literary complexity and poetic beauty,[neutrality is disputed] Agee presented a complete picture, an accurate, minutely detailed report of what he had seen coupled with insight into his feelings about the experience and the difficulties of capturing it for a broad audience. In doing so, he created an enduring portrait of a nearly invisible segment of the American population.[neutrality is disputed]
Although Agee's and Evans' work was never published as the intended magazine article, their work has endured in the form in which it finally emerged: a lengthy, highly original[neutrality is disputed] book. Agee's text is part ethnography, part cultural anthropological study, and part novelistic, poetic narrative set in the shacks and fields of Alabama. Evans' black-and-white photographs, starkly real but also matching the grand poetry[neutrality is disputed] of the text, are included as a portfolio, without comment, in the book.
Agee as a character
Agee appears as a character himself at times in the narrative, as when he agonizes over his role as "spy" and intruder into these humble lives. At other times, as when he simply lists the contents of a sharecropper's shack or the meager articles of clothing they have to wear on Sunday, he is altogether absent. The strange ordering of books and chapters, the titles that range from mundane ("Clothes") to "radically artistic" (as the New York Times put it), the direct appeals by Agee for the reader to see the humanity and grandeur of these horrible lives, and his suffering at the thought that he cannot accomplish his appointed task, or should not, for the additional suffering it inflicts on his subjects, are all part of the book's character.
Scholars[who?] have noted that the book's ambitious scale and rejection of traditional reporting runs parallel with the creative, non-traditional programs of the U.S. government under Roosevelt. Agee argues with literary, political, and moral traditions that might mean nothing to his subjects but which are important for the larger audience and the larger context of examining other's lives.
Let Us Now Praise Famous Men has won high praise over the years and is routinely studied in the U.S. as a source of both journalistic and literary innovation. It was the inspiration for the Aaron Copland opera The Tender Land.
Although the book is presented as documentary and "true", the pictures were actually somewhat posed, for technical and aesthetic reasons, leading to current controversy over the truth of historical records.
Throughout the book, Agee and Evans use pseudonyms to obscure the identity of the three tenant farmer families. This convention is retained in the follow-up book And Their Children After Them. However Evans' photos that are archived in the Library of Congress American Memory Project have the original names of the photographic subjects.
|George Gudger||Floyd Burroughs|
|Annie Mae (Woods) Gudger||Allie Mae Burroughs|
|George Gudger Jr.||Floyd Burroughs Jr.|
|Maggie Louise Gudger||Lucille Burroughs|
|Burt Westly Gudger||Charles Burroughs|
|Valley Few "Squinchy" Gudger||Othel Lee "Squeaky" Burroughs|
|Fred Garvrin Ricketts||Frank Tengle*|
|Sadie (Woods) Ricketts||Flora Bee Tengle|
|Margaret Ricketts||Elizabeth Tengle|
|Paralee Ricketts||Dora Mae Tengle|
|John Garvrin Ricketts||??? Tengle|
|Richard Ricketts||William Tengle (not confirmed)|
|Flora Merry Lee Ricketts||Laura Minnie Lee Tengle|
|Katy Ricketts||Ida Ruth Tengle|
|Clair Bell Ricketts||??? Tengle|
|Thomas Gallatin "Bud" Woods||Bud Fields|
|Ivy Woods||Lily Rogers Fields|
|Pearl Woods||??? Fields|
|Thomas Woods||William Fields|
|Ellen Woods||??? Fields|
|T. Hudson Margraves||Watson Tidmore (not confirmed)|
* There is disagreement over whether the family name is properly spelled Tengle or Tingle. The Library of Congress's spelling is used here.
|Hobe's Hill||Mills Hill|
|Centerboro, Alabama||Greensboro, Alabama|
|Cherokee City, Alabama||Tuscaloosa, Alabama|
- Errol Morris (October 20, 2009). "The Case of the Inappropriate Alarm Clock (Part 3)". The New York Times.
- Let Us Now Praise Famous Men Houghton Mifflin (2001). ISBN 0-618-12749-6
- Fortune Magazine's David Whitford returns to Hale County Alabama
- And their children after them : the legacy of Let us now praise famous men - sequel to the original
- A Grand Lady and Some Famous Men - Some brief notes on the sequel, with modern-day photographs, by the Marion Military Institute's Archivist
- Evans' Images for "Let Us Now Praise Famous Men"