Lily, Rosemary and the Jack of Hearts

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"Lily, Rosemary and the Jack of Hearts"
Song by Bob Dylan from the album Blood on the Tracks
Released January 17, 1975
Recorded December 30, 1974 at Sound 80 in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Genre Folk rock
Length 8:51
Label Columbia
Writer Bob Dylan
Producer Bob Dylan
Blood on the Tracks track listing

"Lily, Rosemary and the Jack of Hearts", is a song by Bob Dylan released on the 1975 album Blood on the Tracks, known for its complex plot and long running time. There have been two screenplays written based on the song: one by John Kaye and commissioned by Dylan, and another written by James Byron.[1] Neither screenplay ever became a film.

According to his official website, Dylan has played the song live only once on May 25, 1976 in Salt Lake City.[2]

Hearing the lyrics read to her by Dylan just after they had been written is thought to be the inspiration for the 1975 Joan Baez song, "Diamonds & Rust"— which is based on their own relationship ten years earlier.

Main characters[edit]

The song has a long list of characters. The inspiration behind several characters in the plot has been long disputed among fans.

  • The main character in the song is "The Jack of Hearts", who has recently come into town as a leader of a gang of bank robbers. ("The boys finally made it through the wall and cleaned out the bank safe... but they couldn't go no further without the Jack of Hearts.")
  • Major women in the song are Lily and Rosemary. The two hold a special relationship, and both are referred to in royal terms ("like a queen without a crown" and "Lily was a princess").
  • Big Jim is the wealthiest person in town: "he owned the town's only diamond mine". He also had relationships with Rosemary and Lily ("Rosemary was... tired of playin' the role of Big Jim's wife" and "It was known all around that Lily had Jim's ring").

Clues and interpretations[edit]

There is an extra verse on the Bob Dylan website that is not in the album version (right after the "backstage manager" verse):

Lily's arms were locked around the man that she dearly loved to touch,
She forgot all about the man she couldn't stand who hounded her so much.
"I've missed you so," she said to him, and he felt she was sincere,
But just beyond the door he felt jealousy and fear.
Just another night in the life of the Jack of Hearts.

This verse can be found on the Blood On The Tapes and Blood on the Tracks (New York Sessions) bootleg version. This version is slower and more somber, even mournful, reflecting the approach of the other New York sessions. The version on Blood on the Tracks was recorded later, in Minneapolis, and reflects Dylan's attempts, following his brother's advice, to make the album less difficult and intense. The same contrast can be seen with the New York (Bootleg Series) and Minneapolis (album) versions of "Tangled Up in Blue" and "Idiot Wind".

This verse also appears in the Joan Baez recording of the song.

Incidentally, the characters of Big Jim and Lily may be derived from the historical figures Diamond Jim Brady and his sometimes romantic partner, Lillian Russell, who had a long affair in and around operetta houses of New York before WWI. A movie called Diamond Jim (1935) was made about their tempestuous relationship.


There are a vast variety of interpretations of the story line, and at this time it is unknown which is the most accurate since Dylan has yet to comment on the plot.

  • According to Tim Riley of National Public Radio, "'Lily, Rosemary and the Jack of Hearts' is an intricately evasive allegory about romantic facades that hide criminal motives, and the way one character's business triggers a series of recriminations from people he doesn't even know."


  • The song makes numerous references to card games: "Lily had two queens", "like a queen without a crown" (a wild card), "owned the town's only diamond mine" (cheated using the suit of diamonds), "nothing would ever come between Lily and the King", and of course the "Jack of Hearts".
  • The song ends with Lily thinking about some of the other characters, thereby tying together the different characters' stories:

"She was thinking about her father, who she very rarely saw,
Thinking about Rosemary, and thinking about the law,
But most of all she was thinking about the Jack of Hearts."

The same kind of ending would be used years later in the song "Tweeter and the Monkey Man" by The Traveling Wilburys - a musical group that included Dylan - which was written by Dylan and Tom Petty:

"Sometimes I think of Tweeter, sometimes I think of Jan,
Sometimes I don't think about nothing but the Monkey Man."

  • Coincidence: The plot is contingent upon a series of events that are shaped by each other, thus combining the ideas of coincidence and fate, symbolized by the card game.
  • Identity/Duplicity: The setting is a cabaret, and the theme of multiple identities ("there was no actor anywhere better than the Jack of Hearts") underlies the symbolic card game in which bluffing and acting are common motifs. "As the leading actor hurried by in the costume of a monk" could be interpreted as a clever way that the "Jack of Hearts" leaves the crime scene disguised. Against this background are the main characters, who struggle between their personal and social identities ("tired of playing the role of Big Jim's wife").
  • Justice: Like other Dylan works, this song could be said to parody conventional justice ("he went to get the Hanging Judge but the Hanging Judge was drunk"). Later the Hanging Judge is sober during the execution of the law at Rosemary's hanging, but was ironically unable to prevent the preceding events, despite the manager's concerns and the incessant drilling in the wall.


  • Joan Baez included a performance of "Lily, Rosemary and the Jack of Hearts" on her 1976 live album From Every Stage. This includes the extra verse from Dylan's first recording.


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External links[edit]