List of Belgian monarchs

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Sculptural busts of the first five Belgian monarchs in the Royal Museum of the Armed Forces

This is a list of Belgian monarchs since 1831, when the first Belgian king Leopold I ascended the throne, after Belgium declared independence from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Belgian Revolution of 1830.

Belgian monarchs are styled "King of the Belgians" rather than "King of Belgium" to reflect the monarchy's constitutional and popular function.

There are been seven Kings of the Belgians since 1831 and two regents.

Chronology[edit]

# Name Portrait Birth and death Reign started Reign ended Marriages Succession right
Erasme Louis Surlet de Chokier
Regent
Surletdechokier.jpg
27 November 1769
Liège
(Prince-Bishopric of Liège)

7 August 1839
Gingelom
(aged 69)
25 February 1831 20 July 1831
(0 years, 145 days)
Chosen by the National Congress
1 Leopold I
Leopold I of Belgium (2).jpg
16 December 1790
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
(Holy Roman Empire)

10 December 1865
Laeken
(aged 74)
21 July 1831 10 December 1865
(34 years, 142 days)
(1) Charlotte of Wales
2 May 1816
[1 child (stillborn)]
(2) Louise of Orléans
9 August 1832
[4 children]
Elected by the National Congress
2 Leopold II
Leopold ii garter knight.jpg
9 April 1835
Brussels

17 December 1909
Laeken
(aged 74)
17 December 1865 17 December 1909
(44 years, 0 days)
Marie-Henriette of Austria
22 August 1853
[4 children]
Son of
Leopold I
3 Albert I
Albert I Koning der Belgen.jpg
8 April 1875
Brussels

17 February 1934
Marche-les-Dames
(aged 58)
23 December 1909 17 February 1934
(24 years, 56 days)
Elisabeth of Bavaria
2 October 1900
[3 children]
Nephew of
Leopold II
4 Leopold III
Leopold III of Belgium.jpg
3 November 1901
Brussels

25 September 1983
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert
(aged 81)
23 February 1934 16 July 1951
(abdicated)
(17 years, 143 days)
(1) Astrid of Sweden
4 November 1926
[3 children]
(2) Lilian Baels
6 December 1941
[3 children]
Son of
Albert I
Charles
Prince Regent for Leopold III
Karel van België Charles de Belgique Karl von Belgien.jpg
10 October 1903
Brussels

1 June 1983
Raversijde
(aged 79)
20 September 1944 20 July 1950
(5 years, 303 days)
Unmarried
[childless]
Son of
Albert I /
Brother of
Leopold III
5 Baudouin
Baudouin of Belgium 1969.jpg
7 September 1930
Laeken

31 July 1993
Motril (Spain)
(aged 62)
17 July 1951 31 July 1993
(42 years, 13 days)
Fabiola of Mora and Aragón
15 December 1960
[childless]
Son of
Leopold III
6 Albert II
Albert II.jpg
6 June 1934
Laeken
9 August 1993 21 July 2013
(abdicated)
(19 years, 346 days)
Paola of Calabria
2 July 1959
[3 children]
Son of
Leopold III /
Brother of
Baudouin
7 Philippe
Koning Filip van België.jpg
15 April 1960
Laeken
21 July 2013 Incumbent
(1 year, 3 days)
Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
4 December 1999
[4 children]
Son of
Albert II

See also[edit]

External links[edit]