List of Dutch military equipment of World War II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of Dutch military equipment of World War II which includes artillery, vehicles and vessels. World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945. On 10 May 1940, Nazi Germany, which aimed to dominate Europe, attacked the Dutch as part of their war with France. By 12 March 1942 the Dutch mainland and all their major colonies were controlled by Germans and Japanese. Dutch power was not restored until final Axis collapse in 1945. This list covers the equipment of armed elements centered on Royal Netherlands Army and Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, but not the "Free Dutch Army", which was equipped completely by foreign (Allied) powers.

Knives and bayonets[edit]

Model Blade length From: Comments
Dagger or sword variable - officers, NCOs
M.95 bayonet 24.5 cm 1886 fitted on Dutch Mannlicher rifles and carbines

Small arms[edit]

Pistols (manual and semi-automatic)[edit]

Type Base model Maker Rounds Cartridge From: Produced Weight Comment
FN Model 1910#Variants FN Model 1910 FN and Colt Firearms 7 .32 ACP (7.94×25mm) 1910  ? 0.59 kg semi-automatic
FN Model 1922 FN Model 1910 FN and Colt Firearms 6 .380 ACP (9×25mm) 1922  ? 0.7 kg semi-automatic
MAS 1873 revolver MAS 1873 revolver Chamelot-Delvigne 6 11mm French Ordnance (11.46×30mm) 1873  ? 1.04 kg for support units
Mauser C96 Mauser C96 Mauser, Hanyang Arsenal 10 7.63×25mm Mauser 1899  ? 1.13 kg Dutch East Indies only

Automatic pistols and submachine guns[edit]

Type Base model Maker Rounds Cartridge From: Produced Weight Comment
MP 28 II MP 18 Haenel 50 7.63×25mm Mauser 1939 2420 4.18 kg sergeant weapon in single cavalry regiment in Dutch East Indies[1]
Thompson submachine gun M1928 Thompson submachine gun Savage Arms and others 2000 .45 ACP (11.43×23mm) 1942 2000 4.9 kg Only Dutch colonies, some may be not delivered [2]

Rifles[edit]

Type Base model Maker Rounds Cartridge From: Produced Weight Comment
Dutch Mannlicher M1895 Gewehr 1888 Steyr-Mannlicher 5 6.5×53mmR 1895 470000 3.95 kg also 8 derived carbine models
M1941 Johnson rifle M1941 Johnson rifle Iver Johnson, FMA 10 7.92x57mm Mauser? 1941 ~1000 4.31 kg only in Dutch East Indies

Grenades and grenade launchers[edit]

See also: Dutch hand grenades

Grenade Launcher Introduced Type Weight, g comments
Schokhandgranaat No  ? fragmentation 900 impact fuse
Dooshandgranaat No  ? fragmentation 65 smallest grenade ever in service (see also V40)
Eihandgranaat No.1 No  ? fragmentation 600 used by Germans as "handgranate 312 (h)"
Eihandgranaat No.2 rod-type rifle launcher  ? fragmentation 765 imported Mills No. 23
Eihandgranaat No.3 No  ? concussion 215 used by Germans
Hexiet Rookhandgranaat No  ? smoke 500 used by Germans as "333(h)"
Gashandgranaat No  ? tear gas ~800
Ronde handgranaat No 1906 fragmentation 1065 colonial army only
Geweergranaat No 1915 concussion ~420 colonial army only, hand-thrown version of Veldhandgranaat
Veldhandgranaat unknown 1917 fragmentation 650 long handle, colonial army only
Offensieve handgranaat No.2 No 1928 concussion 650 paper&wood body, colonial army only, imported from USA
Offensieve handgranaat No.3 (US Mk.3) No 1941 concussion 310 paper&steel body, colonial army only

Machine guns[edit]

Infantry and dual-purpose machine guns[edit]

The Dutch army in 1940 was in the process of converting their machine guns to standard 7.92×57mm Mauser cartridge. Exact numbers of machine guns converted is unknown.

Type Base model Fire rate, RPM Effective range Cartridge From: Produced Weight Comment
Lewis gun M.20 Lewis gun 550 800 6.5x53mmR and 7.92×57mm Mauser 1917 9500 13 kg occasional AA gun
Vickers machine gun Vickers machine gun 475 2000 .303 British (7.7×56mmR) and 7.92×57mm Mauser 1912 300 23 kg occasional AA gun,basis for aircraft guns
MG 08 Spandau heavy machine gun (M.25) Maxim gun 475 2000 7.92×57mm Mauser 1908 452 69 kg occasional AA gun, obsolescent
Schwarzlose MG M.07/12 heavy machine gun (M.8) Schwarzlose MG M.07/12 490 1300 7.92×57mm Mauser 1905 2248 41.4 kg

Vehicle and aircraft machine guns[edit]

Artillery[edit]

Infantry mortars[edit]

Model Caliber Max. range From Produced Weight, kg fire rate, RPM Comment
Stokes mortar 81mm 800 1915 360 47.17 25 heavy recoil, therefore difficult to fire from improvised positions

Field artillery[edit]

Model Caliber Max. range From Produced Weight, kg fire rate, RPM Comment
Krupp 7.5 cm Model 1903 (7-veld) 75mm 6000 1904 304 1079 8 partly license-built or upgraded to Siderius Model 02/04
Krupp light field gun M1878 (8-staal) 84mm 3500 1878 108 1517 2.5
12.5cm Krupp medium field gun 125mm 8500 1878 108 3450 1.5 former fortress gun, upgraded in 1920's
12.5cm Krupp heavy field gun 150mm 8800 1878 72 4700 1 former fortress gun, upgraded in 1920's
10.5 cm Cannon Model 1927 (10-veld) 105mm 16500 1926 52 3650 7
Krupp 105mm field gun L30 M1905 105mm 9250 1912 2 2835 6
120 mm Krupp howitzer M1905 (12 lang 12) 120mm 5800 1912 50 1125 2
10.5 cm leFH 18 105mm 10675 1939 8 1985 5 imported, training-only
Bofors 12 cm M. 14 (12 lang 14) 120mm 6050 1918 10 1610 3
BL 6-inch 30 cwt howitzer (15 lang 15) 152.4mm 8400 1918 30 3690 2 only extended-range version
15 cm sFH 13 (15 lang 17) 149.1mm 8600 1918 44 2250 3 war reparations from Germany

Fortress and siege guns[edit]

See [3] for geographic distribution of coastal defenses and fortresses in continental Netherlands. The listing below do include both army and land-based Navy weapons, but do not include 47mm guns, which are counted as anti-tank guns.

  • Bofors 37 mm, 45 or 50 calibers barrel length : 23 pieces, of them 12 imported and 11 license-produced
  • 75mm guns, 40 calibers barrel length : 63 pieces (2 distinct Krupp types, 5000m range, rapid-fire)
  • 120mm guns, 40 calibers barrel length : 18 pieces (2 distinct Krupp types, 12500m range, 9 RPM fire rate)
  • 149.1mm or 152.4mm guns, 30 calibers barrel length: 5 (type unknown)
  • 149.1mm or 152.4mm guns, 35 calibers barrel length: 6 (type unknown)
  • 149.1mm or 152.4mm guns, 40 calibers barrel length: 21 (Krupp guns, 14200m range, 9 RPM fire rate)
  • 240mm guns, 30 calibers barrel length: 11 (Krupp guns of 19th century, 8000m range, 0.25 RPM fire rate)

Infantry guns[edit]

Model Caliber Max. range From Produced Weight, kg fire rate, RPM Comment
Krupp light field gun M1894 (6-veld) 57mm 5000 1894 210 700 5.5 used also as anti-tank

Anti-tank guns[edit]

Model Caliber Penetration 1 Penetration 2 Muzzle speed Max. range From Produced Weight, kg fire rate, RPM Comment
Bohler 47mm gun 47mm 58mm@100m 43mm@500m 630 7000 1935 380 315 5 also very effective as infantry gun
HIH Siderius 47mm casemate gun 47mm 50mm@1000m 750 2500 1931 8 1300 18 semi-automatic[4]
Artillerie Inrichtingen 47mm casemate gun 47mm 50mm@1000m 750 2500 1932 60 1300 9 low-cost alternative to Siderius gun

Anti-tank weapons (besides anti-tank guns)[edit]

Anti-aircraft weapons[edit]

Light anti-aircraft guns[edit]

Model Caliber Eff. alt. From Produced Weight, kg fire rate, RPM Comment
MG 08 Spandau heavy machine gun (M.25) 7.92mm 1300 1908 452 69 475 obsolescent, also infantry heavy machine gun
Vickers machine gun (M.18) 7.7mm 1300 1912 300 23 475 also infantry heavy machine gun
Bofors 40 mm gun L/60 (4 tl) 40mm 4100 1932 46 1981 120 light/medium AA gun
3.7 cm Flak 18/36/37/43 L/57 37mm 4200 1936 3 2000 150 no ammunition during war
Oerlikon 20 mm cannon L/70 (2 tl. No.1) 20mm 1300 1939 120 363 285 planned main light AA gun
Cannone-Mitragliera da 20/77 (Scotti) (2 tl. No.2) 20mm 914 1939 35 227.5 250 substitute for Oerlikon gun
Hispano-Suiza HS.404 20mm 1100 1939 30 ~400 700 probably too lightly build barrel resulting in poor accuracy

Heavy anti-aircraft guns[edit]

Model Caliber Eff. alt. From Produced Weight, kg fire rate, RPM Comment
Krupp gun 6 tl 57mm 2500 1916 21 7180 3 obsolescent
Krupp gun 7 tl 75mm 3300 1916 15 7980 5 obsolescent
QF 3-inch 20 cwt (8 tl) 76.2mm 3750 1917 3 5990 17
Krupp gun (10 tl) 94mm 6800 1925 3 ~10000 7.5 may be prototypes related to QF 3.7-inch AA gun development
Vickers Model 1931 (7.5 tl no.1) 75mm 8500 1935 81 2825 12 partially license-built, had a fire-control mechanical computer
Skoda AA gun (7.5 tl no.2) 75mm 6500 1940 9 4200 25 model unclear

Vehicles[edit]

Tankettes[edit]

Carden Loyd Mk IV tankette - 5 tankettes used in Battle of the Netherlands

Tanks[edit]

Armored cars[edit]

Maker Developed Produced Armament Model
AB Landsverk 1936 12 37mm Bofors cannon and 3x7.92mm Lewis machine gun L181 (M-36)
AB Landsverk 1938 14 37mm Bofors cannon and 3x7.92mm Lewis machine gun L180 (M-38)
DAF Trucks and Hague arsenal 1939 12 37mm Bofors cannon and 3x7.92mm Lewis machine gun M39 Pantserwagen
Morris Motors 1936 3 13.97mm Boys anti-tank rifle and 7.7 mm Bren light machine gun Morris CS9

Engineering and command[edit]

  • L180 (M-38) - 2 of 14 armored cars are built as command cars (dummy main gun made of wood)

Trucks[edit]

All numbers are for European part of Dutch armed forces.

  • horses 30000
  • Trado 1200 - mostly for towing artillery and 1 motorized light infantry division
  • DAF-139 amphibious truck (prototype testing at outbreak of war)
  • Ford Model AA 380 - in AA units[citation needed]
  • Ford GP - in Dutch East Indies cavalry units

Passenger cars[edit]

  • unknown models (~70-140 total) for carrying officers

Motorcycles[edit]

  • unknown model (at least 840 in 2 motorized cavalry regiments)

Miscellaneous vehicles[edit]

  • bicycles (at least 15000)

Navy ships and war vessels[edit]

Royal Netherlands Navy[edit]

At moment of German attack 10 May 1940 the Dutch European Navy comprise a 50 vessels:

  • 1 light cruiser
  • 3 coastal defense ships
  • 10 destroyers
  • 12 minelayers
  • 4 minesweepers
  • 6 submarines
  • 14 auxiliary and light vessels

Also, the 31 various vessels were under construction. Of these, 6 there eventually completed in England and 21 in Nazi Germany.

Destroyed or scuttled during Battle of the Netherlands:

  • Destroyer Van Galen [Rotterdam, by a Stuka attack] - contradictory data!
  • Destroyer escort Christiaan Cornelis (scuttled after being damaged by coastal artillery)
  • Destroyer escort Z3 (scuttled)
  • Destroyer escort G16 (scuttled)
  • Gunboat Johan Maurits (sank by Luftwaffe aircraft)
  • Gunboat Friso (sank by Luftwaffe aircraft)
  • Gunboat Brinio (scuttled)
  • Gunboat Braga (scuttled)
  • Gunboat Helfring (scuttled)
  • Gunboat Freyr (scuttled)
  • Minelayer Hydra
  • Minelyaer Bulgia
  • Minesweeper Abraham van Hulst (heavily damaged by Luftwaffe aircraft attack and scuttled)
  • Minesweeper Pieter Floriszoon (scuttled)
  • Minesweeper M III
  • Submarine O 12 (scuttled)
  • Coastal defense ship IJmuiden (scuttled)

Escaped to England during Battle of the Netherlands:

  • Light cruiser Sumatra
  • Destroyer escort Z5
  • Destroyer escort Z6
  • Destroyer escort Z7
  • Destroyer escort Z8
  • Destroyer escort G13
  • Destroyer escort G15
  • Gunboat Flores
  • Gunboat Gruno
  • Minelayer Willem van der Zaan
  • Minelayer Medusa
  • Minelayer Van Maerlant
  • Minelayer Douwe Aukes
  • Minelayer Nautiles
  • Minelayer Jan van Brakel
  • Minesweeper Jan van Gelder
  • Torpedo boat TM51
  • Submarine O9
  • Submarine O10
  • Submarine O13
  • Light-cruiser Jacob van Heemskerck (under construction at outbreak of war)
  • Destroyer leader Isaac Sweers (under construction at outbreak of war)
  • Submarine O21 (under construction at outbreak of war)
  • Submarine O22 (under construction at outbreak of war)
  • Submarine O23 (under construction at outbreak of war)
  • Submarine O24 (under construction at outbreak of war)
  • Many tugs, pilot boats and patrol boats

Captured by the Germans:

  • Minesweepers MI (sunk and raised by Germans)
  • Minesweepers MII (sunk and raised by Germans)
  • Minesweepers MIV (sunk and raised by Germans)
  • Gunboat Tyr
  • Gunboat Balder
  • Gunboat Hadda (unarmed at outbreak of war)
  • Gunboat Thor (unarmed at outbreak of war)
  • Minelayer Vidar
  • Torpedo workship Vidar
  • Submarines O8
  • Submarine O11
  • Coastal defense ship Gelderland
  • Coastal defense ship Hertog Hendrik
  • Cruiser De Zeven Provincien (under construction, not used by Germans)
  • Cruiser Eendracht (under construction, not used by Germans)
  • Destroyer leader Tjerk Hiddes (under construction, scrapped by Germans)
  • Destroyer leader Gerard Callenburgh (under construction, damaged and repaired by Germans)
  • Destroyer leader Philips van Almonde (under construction, scrapped by Germans)
  • Submarine O25 (under construction, finished by Germans)
  • Submarine O26 (under construction, finished by Germans)
  • Submarine O27 (under construction, finished by Germans)
  • 6 Minesweepers (under construction, names not assigned, all used by Germans)
  • Tanker (under construction, name not assigned, finished by Germans)
  • 10 Fast attack craft (E-boats) (under construction, names not assigned, all finished and used by Germans in Mediterranean)

Royal Netherlands East Indies Navy[edit]

At moment of Japanese attack 7 December 1941 the Dutch East Indies Navy comprise a 78 vessels, most of them were destroyed during defense of Java island:

  • 3 light cruisers
  • 7 destroyers
  • 15 submarines
  • 7 minelayers
  • 11 minesweepers
  • 35 auxiliary or small ships (of them 8 tankers)

Task Force One (Doorman; off Paternoster Island)

Task Force Two (Sunda Strait en route Singapore)

NEI Submarine Flotilla (at Surabaya)

  • submarine tender Zuiderkruis
  • SS K-VI
  • SS K-VIII
  • SS K-X

Submarine Division 1

  • SS O-16 (Karimata Strait)
  • SS K-XVII (north of Singapore)
  • SS K-XVII

Submarine Division 2

  • SS K-IX
  • SS K-XI (north of Singapore)
  • SS K-XII (north of Singapore)
  • SS K-XIII (north of Singapore)

Submarine Division 3

  • SS K-XIV (South China Sea)
  • SS K-XV (South China Sea)
  • SS K-XVI (South China Sea)

Submarine Division 4

  • SS O-19 (South China Sea)
  • SS O-20 (South China Sea)

Mine Service (at Surabaya)

  • CM Gouden Leeuw (at Tarakan)
  • CM Prinz Van Oranje
  • CM Krakatau
  • CM Pro Patria (at Palembang)
  • CM Serdang
  • CM Willem van der Zaan (Lingga)
  • CM Rigel

Minesweeper Division 3

  • AMc Alor
  • AMc Aroe
  • AMc Bantam
  • AMc Bogor
  • AMc Ceram
  • AMc Cheribon

Minesweeper Division 4 (at Surabaya)

  • AMc Djember
  • AMc Djombang
  • AMc Djampea
  • AMc Enggano
  • AMc Endeh

Torpedo Division (at Surabaya)

  • PT TM-4 to TM-15 (12 vessels)
  • Tanker AO Aldegonda
  • Tanker AO Benakat (4763 tons, 10 knots)
  • Tanker AO Djirak (4325 tons, 10knots)
  • Tanker AO Josefina
  • Tanker AO Juno (2741 tons, 9 knots)
  • Tanker AO Paula (2700 tons, 12 knots)
  • Tanker AO Pendopo (7150 tons, 10 knots)
  • Tanker AO Petronella
  • AT Kraus
  • AT Pief
  • AT Gina
  • AT Jules
  • AT Nolly
  • AT Tata
  • AT Flip
  • AT Rolf
  • AT Hector
  • AT Paul
  • AT Teddy
  • AR Moeara Boelian
  • AH Op Ten Noort

Aircraft[edit]

The Dutch before war have an extensive aircraft industry, but most of the aircraft produced were exported and not counted here.

Name Place of
manufacture
Primary
role(s)
#
used in Europe
#
used in Indonesia
years in use comments
Fokker D.XXI Dutch fighter 36 0 1936-1940
Curtiss P-6 Hawk Dutch (license) fighter 0 11 1930-1942 also 3 P-6 were destroyed before war
Curtiss P-36 Hawk (Curtiss Hawk Model 75) US fighter 0 24 1940-1942 model Hawk 75A-7
Brewster F2A Buffalo US fighter 0 71 1941-1942
Fokker D.XXIII US fighter 1 0 1939-1940 tandem engines, prototype under test at outbreak of war
Fokker D.XVII Dutch fighter/trainer 7 0 1932-1940 2 of 7 destroyed on ground at beginning of war
Fokker G.I Dutch heavy fighter 35 0 1937-1940 also 1 Fokker G.I destroyed before war
Fokker G.I(export version) Dutch heavy fighter 6 0 1940-1940 24 were produced, but refit was not finished in time
Fokker T.V Dutch fighter-bomber 15 0 1938-1940 also 1 Fokker T.V destroyed before war
Fokker C.V Dutch bomber/reconnaissance 28 0 1924-1940 only 28 of 67 were operational at start of war
Fokker C.VIII Dutch reconnaissance 1 0 1928-1940 land-version (prototype) of seaplane Fokker C.VIII-W)
Fokker C.VIII-W Dutch Maritime patrol 9 0 1928-1940 5 of 9 fled to England and were scraped immediately
Fokker C.X Dutch bomber/reconnaissance/trainer 20 13 1933-1942
Koolhoven F.K.51 Dutch trainer/reconnaissance 83 38 1935-1942
Koolhoven F.K.52 Dutch fighter/reconnaissance 5 0 1937-1940 also 1 aircraft lost before war
Koolhoven F.K.58 Dutch fighter 18 0 1938-1940 manned by Poles, fought for France (not in Dutch army)
Fokker S.IX Dutch trainer 50 0 1935-1942 some escaped to England and were scraped immediately
Bücker Bü 131 Germany trainer 0 ? 1935-1942
Curtiss-Wright CW-21 US interceptor 0 24 1942-1942 17 ready at start of Japanese attack
Dornier Do J Wal Dutch (license) Maritime patrol 1 5 1937-1942 most were already scrapped at outbreak of war[citation needed]
Dornier Do 24 Dutch (license) Maritime patrol 0 37 1937-1942 replacement for Dornier Wal, imported and license-produced in Netherlands, but nothing completed at outbreak of war.
Fokker T.IV Dutch Maritime patrol 0 33 1927-1942
Fokker C.XI Dutch Maritime patrol 4 10 1935-1942 operated from Dutch cruisers and destroyers
Fokker C.VII Dutch seaplane trainer 0 12 1927-1942 30 were produced, but 18 in Europe retired before war
Fokker C.XIV-W Dutch trainer/Maritime patrol 13 11 1927-1942 12 were transferred from Europe to Dutch East Indies after war in Europe was lost
Fokker F.XVIII Dutch airliner/Maritime patrol 0 5 1940-1942 stop-gap ASW aircraft, later reverted to airliner
Fokker T.VIII Dutch Maritime patrol 11 0 1938-1940 some aircraft escaped to England and many captured by Germans
Consolidated PBY Catalina US Maritime patrol 0 48 1935-1942 36 PBY-1 and 12 PBY-5[citation needed]
Martin B-10 US Bomber 0 121 1938-1945 WWII bomber in Dutch possession
Fokker T.IX Dutch Bomber 1 0 1939-1940 prototype being repaired at outbreak of war

Cartridges and shells[edit]

Classes of military equipment widely used in WWII but absent in Dutch forces[edit]

  • Recoilless rifles
  • Flamethrowers
  • Heavy mortars & rocket launchers
  • Amphibious tanks
  • Land tanks and derivatives (with exception of Java island)
  • Self-propelled guns
  • Armored carriers
  • Railroad vehicles
  • Tractors & prime movers
  • Radars
  • High explosive anti-tank (HEAT) shells

References[edit]

External links[edit]