List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 6th Congress by seniority

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This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 6th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 6th Congress (March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.

This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first-century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 6th Congress.[1]

House seniority[edit]

Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.

The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.

The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.

Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.

Leadership[edit]

In this Congress, the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. Two Speakership ballots were held on December 2, 1799 and Theodore Sedgwick (F-MA) was elected.[2]

Candidate 1st Ballot 2nd Ballot
Theodore Sedgwick (F-MA) 42 44
Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC) 27 38
George Dent (F-MD) 13 3
John Rutledge, Jr. (F-SC) 2 1
Thomas Sumter (DR-SC) 1 0

Standing Committees[edit]

The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were four standing committees, listed in the rules of the 6th Congress. In addition there was a Ways and Means Committee. Although the Ways and Means Committee was not formally added to the main list of standing committees until 1802, the 2011 committee considers it to be a forerunner.

Committees, in this period, were appointed for a session at a time and not necessarily for every one in a Congress. The Speaker appointed the members.

This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 6th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session, the end of the session and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.[3]

No. Committee From Mbrs Appointed Chairman
01 Claims 1794 7 December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800 *Dwight Foster (F-MA)
November 20, 1800-March 3, 1801 Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC)
02 Commerce and Manufactures 1795 7 December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800 *Samuel Smith (DR-MD)
November 18, 1800-March 3, 1801
03 Elections 1789 7 December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800 Samuel W. Dana (F-CT)
November 18, 1800-March 3, 1801 George Dent (F-MD)
04 Revisal and Unfinished Business 1795 3 December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800 Roger Griswold (F-CT)
November 20, 1800-March 3, 1801 Jonas Platt (F-NY)
05 Ways and Means [1794] 9 December 9, 1799-May 14, 1800 *Robert G. Harper (F-SC)
November 20, 1800-March 3, 1801 Roger Griswold (F-CT)

List of Representatives by seniority[edit]

A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 106 members initially elected to the 6th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number.

Four Representatives-elect were not sworn in, as two died and two resigned. The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if they had been sworn in.

Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Notes
Six consecutive terms
001 Thomas Hartley F PA-8 March 4, 1789 (P) 1789-95. Died December 21, 1800.
002 Josiah Parker F VA-11 (A) 1789-93; (P) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress:
April 24, 1799. Last term.
003 George Thatcher F MA-14 (P) 1789-95. Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in).
Five consecutive terms
004 Andrew Gregg DR PA-9 March 4, 1791 (A) 1791-95
005 William B. Grove F NC-7 (P) 1791-95
006 John W. Kittera F PA-7 (P) 1791-95. Last term.
007 Nathaniel Macon DR NC-5 (A) 1791-95. Chairman: Claims (1800–01).
Five non-consecutive terms
008 Theodore Sedgwick F MA-1 March 4, 1799 Previously served (P) 1789-95 and (F) 1795-June 1796.
Speaker of the House. Last term.
Four consecutive terms
009 George Dent F MD-1 March 4, 1793 (P) 1793-95. Chairman: Elections (1800–01). Last term.
010 Dwight Foster F MA-4 (P) 1793-95. Chairman: Claims (1799–1800). Resigned June 6, 1800.
011 Henry Glen F NY-8 (P) 1793-95. Last term.
012 Anthony New DR VA-16 (A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799.
013 John Nicholas DR VA-18 (A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Last term.
014 Samuel Smith DR MD-5 (A) 1793-95. Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures.
015 Philip Van Cortlandt DR NY-3 (A) 1793-95
016 Peleg Wadsworth F MA-13 (P) 1793-95
017 Robert G. Harper F SC-5 February 9, 1795 (P) February 9-March 3, 1795.[4] Chairman: Ways and Means
(1799–1800). Last term.
Four non-consecutive terms
018 Thomas Sumter DR SC-4 March 4, 1797 Previously served (A) 1789-93
019 Abiel Foster F NH-al March 4, 1795 Previously served (P) June 22, 1789–91
020 Aaron Kitchell DR NJ-2 March 4, 1799 Previously served (P) 1791-93 and January 29-March 3, 1795;
(F) 1795-97. Last term.
Three consecutive terms
021 Samuel J. Cabell DR VA-14 March 4, 1795 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799
022 Albert Gallatin DR PA-12 Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in)
023 Chauncey Goodrich F CT-al Last term
024 Roger Griswold F CT-al Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business (1799–1800).
Chairman: Ways and Means (1800–01).
025 Jonathan N. Havens DR NY-1 Died, as Representative-elect: October 25, 1799
026 Edward Livingston DR NY-2 Last term until 18th Congress
027 Samuel Lyman F MA-3 Resigned November 6, 1800
028 John Reed, Sr. F MA-6 Last term
029 Richard Thomas F PA-3
030 Joseph B. Varnum DR MA-9
031 William Craik F MD-3 December 5, 1796 Last term
032 Samuel Sewall F MA-10 December 7, 1796 Resigned January 10, 1800
033 Samuel W. Dana F CT-al January 3, 1797 Chairman: Elections (1799–1800)
Three non-consecutive terms
034 Theodorus Bailey DR NY-5 March 4, 1799 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97. Last term until
seated in the 7th Congress.
035 Gabriel Christie DR MD-6 Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97. Last term.
036 Peter Muhlenberg DR PA-4 Previously served (A) 1789-91 and 1793-95. Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in).
037 Joshua Seney DR MD-7 Previously served (A) 1789-92. Died, as Representative-elect:
October 20, 1798.[5]
Two consecutive terms
038 George Baer, Jr. F MD-4 March 4, 1797 Last term until 14th Congress
039 James A. Bayard F DE-al
040 Christopher G. Champlin F RI-al Last term
041 Matthew Clay DR VA-6 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799
042 Thomas T. Davis DR KY-1 Elected to this Congress: May 7, 1799
043 John Dawson DR VA-15 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799
044 John Dennis F MD-8
045 Lucas C. Elmendorf DR NY-4
046 Thomas Evans F VA-12 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Last term.
047 John Fowler DR KY-2 Elected to this Congress: May 7, 1799
048 Jonathan Freeman F NH-al Last term
049 William Gordon F NH-al Resigned June 12, 1800
050 John A. Hanna DR PA-6
051 David Holmes DR VA-2 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799
052 James H. Imlay F NJ-4 Last term
053 Matthew Lyon DR VT-1 Last term until 8th Congress
054 Harrison G. Otis F MA-8 Last term
055 John Rutledge, Jr. F SC-2
056 William Shepard F MA-2
057 Richard Stanford DR NC-4
058 Abram Trigg DR VA-4 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799
059 John J. Trigg DR VA-5
060 Robert Williams DR NC-3
061 John Allen F CT-al April 10, 1797 Resigned, as Representative-elect: c. August 1799 [6]
062 Lewis R. Morris F VT-2 May 22, 1797
063 William Edmond F CT-al November 13, 1797 Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in)
064 William Claiborne DR TN-al November 23, 1797 Elected to this Congress: August 1–2, 1799. Last term
(elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in).
065 Thomas Pinckney F SC-1 Last term
066 Bailey Bartlett F MA-11 November 27, 1797
067 Peleg Sprague F NH-al December 15, 1797 Resigned, as Representative-elect: c. October 1799 [7]
068 Joseph Hiester DR PA-5 December 1, 1798
069 Jonathan Brace F CT-al December 3, 1798 Resigned 1800
070 Joseph Eggleston DR VA-9 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Last term.
071 Robert Waln F PA-1 Last term
072 Robert Brown DR PA-4 December 4, 1798
073 Richard D. Spaight DR NC-10 December 10, 1798 Last term
Two non-consecutive terms
074 William Cooper F NY-10 March 4, 1799 Previously served (F) 1795-97. Last term.
075 George Jackson DR VA-3 Previously served (DR) 1795-97. Elected to this Congress:
April 24, 1799.
076 John Smilie DR PA-11 Previously served (A) 1793-95
One term
077 Willis Alston DR NC-9 March 4, 1799
078 John Bird F NY-6
079 Phanuel Bishop DR MA-7 Elected to this Congress: June 6, 1799
080 John Brown F RI-al Only term
081 John Condit DR NJ-1
082 Franklin Davenport F NJ-5 Only term
083 John Davenport F CT-al
084 Joseph Dickson F NC-1 Only term
085 Samuel Goode DR VA-8 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799.
086 Edwin Gray DR VA-10
087 Archibald Henderson F NC-2
088 William H. Hill F NC-6
089 Benjamin Huger F SC-3
090 James Jones F GA-al Died January 11, 1801
091 Henry Lee F VA-19 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Only term.
092 Silas Lee F MA-12
093 Michael Leib DR PA-2
094 James Linn DR NJ-3 Only term
095 John Marshall F VA-13 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Resigned, to become
Secretary of State: June 7, 1800.
... Joseph H. Nicholson DR MD-7 Special election before start of term
096 Abraham Nott F SC-6 Only term
097 Robert Page F VA-1 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Only term.
098 Jonas Platt F NY-9 Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business (1800–01). Only term.
099 Leven Powell F VA-17 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Only term.
100 John Randolph DR VA-7 Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799
101 David Stone DR NC-8 Only term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in)
102 Benjamin Taliaferro F GA-al
103 John C. Thomas F MD-2 Only term
104 John Thompson DR NY-7 Only term until 10th Congress
105 Lemuel Williams F MA-5 Elected to this Congress: August 29, 1799
106 Henry Woods F PA-3
Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress
... Elizur Goodrich F CT-al September 16, 1799 Special election. Only term (elected to 7th Congress but did not
serve).[8]
... James Sheafe F NH-al November 18, 1799 Special election. Only term.
... John Smith DR NY-1 February 6, 1800 Special election: December 27–29, 1799
... John C. Smith F CT-al November 17, 1800 Special election: September 15, 1800
... Samuel Tenney F NH-al November 18, 1800 Special election: October 27, 1800
... Nathan Read F MA-10 November 25, 1800 Special election: October 20, 1800
... Littleton W. Tazewell DR VA-7 November 26, 1800 Special election: July 31, 1800. Only term.
... Levi Lincoln DR MA-4 December 15, 1800 Special election
... John Stewart DR PA-8 January 15, 1801
... Ebenezer Mattoon F MA-3 February 2, 1801 Special election: December 15, 1800
Non voting members
a William H. Harrison - OH-al March 4, 1799 Delegate for Northwest Territory (most population in future OH).
Resigned to become Territorial Governor of IN: May 14, 1800.
b William McMillan - OH-al November 24, 1800 Delegate for Northwest Territory (after July 4, 1800 only future OH).
Special election.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 112th Congress official House seniority list
  2. ^ Annals of Congress, for the date of election
  3. ^ Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 6th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
  4. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1977, page 8 for the special election to 3rd Congress on October 13–14, 1794; Congressional Biographical Directory for service from February 1795 and the House of Representatives Journal of February 9, 1795 for exact date Harper took his seat.
  5. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, election (page 18) and death (note 4 on page 21).
  6. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, election (page 18) and resignation (note 1 on page 21).
  7. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, election (page 18) and resignation (note 9 on page 21).
  8. ^ United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, special election (page 20).

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  • United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0

External links[edit]