List of Members of the United States House of Representatives in the 6th Congress by seniority
This is a list of members of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 6th United States Congress by seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office.
As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 6th Congress (March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801). Seats and party affiliations on similar lists for other Congresses will be different for certain members.
This article describes the criteria for seniority in the House of Representatives and sets out the list of members by seniority. It is prepared on the basis of the interpretation of seniority applied to the House of Representatives in the 112th Congress. In the absence of information to the contrary, it is presumed that the twenty-first century practice is identical to the seniority customs used during the 6th Congress.
Seniority in the House, for Congressmen with unbroken service, depends on the date on which the members first term began. That date is either the start of the Congress (4 March in odd numbered years, for the era up to and including the 73rd Congress starting in 1933) or the date of a special election during the Congress. Since many members start serving on the same day as others, ranking between them is based on alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.
Congressmen, in early Congresses, were often elected after the legal start of the Congress. Representatives are attributed with unbroken seniority, from the legal start of the congressional term, if they were the first person elected to a seat in a Congress. The date of the election is indicated in a note.
The seniority date is normally taken from the members entry in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, except where the date given is the legal start of the Congress and the actual election (for someone who was not the first person elected to the seat in that Congress) was later. The date of election is taken from United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997. In a few instances the latter work provides dates, for the start and end of terms, which correct those in the Biographical Directory.
The Biographical Directory normally uses the date of a special election, as the seniority date. However, mostly in early Congresses, the date of the member taking his seat can be the one given. The date of the special election is mentioned in a note to the list below, when that date is not used as the seniority date by the Biographical Directory.
Representatives who returned to the House, after having previously served, are credited with service equal to one less than the total number of terms they served. When a representative has served a prior term of less than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.
In this Congress, the only formal leader was the Speaker of the House. Two Speakership ballots were held on December 2, 1799 and Theodore Sedgwick (F-MA) was elected.
|Candidate||1st Ballot||2nd Ballot|
|Theodore Sedgwick (F-MA)||42||44|
|Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC)||27||38|
|George Dent (F-MD)||13||3|
|John Rutledge, Jr. (F-SC)||2||1|
|Thomas Sumter (DR-SC)||1||0|
The House created its first standing committee, on April 13, 1789. There were four standing committees, listed in the rules of the 6th Congress. In addition there was a Ways and Means Committee. Although the Ways and Means Committee was not formally added to the main list of standing committees until 1802, the 2011 committee considers it to be a forerunner.
Committees, in this period, were appointed for a session at a time and not necessarily for every one in a Congress. The Speaker appointed the members.
This list refers to the standing committees of the House in the 6th Congress, the year of establishment as a standing committee, the number of members assigned to the committee and the dates of appointment in each session, the end of the session and its chairman. Chairmen, who were re-appointed after serving in the previous Congress, are indicated by an *.
|01||Claims||1794||7||December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800||*Dwight Foster (F-MA)|
|November 20, 1800-March 3, 1801||Nathaniel Macon (DR-NC)|
|02||Commerce and Manufactures||1795||7||December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800||*Samuel Smith (DR-MD)|
|November 18, 1800-March 3, 1801|
|03||Elections||1789||7||December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800||Samuel W. Dana (F-CT)|
|November 18, 1800-March 3, 1801||George Dent (F-MD)|
|04||Revisal and Unfinished Business||1795||3||December 5, 1799-May 14, 1800||Roger Griswold (F-CT)|
|November 20, 1800-March 3, 1801||Jonas Platt (F-NY)|
|05||Ways and Means||||9||December 9, 1799-May 14, 1800||*Robert G. Harper (F-SC)|
|November 20, 1800-March 3, 1801||Roger Griswold (F-CT)|
List of Representatives by seniority
A numerical rank is assigned to each of the 106 members initially elected to the 6th Congress. Other members, who were not the first person elected to a seat but who joined the House during the Congress, are not assigned a number.
Four Representatives-elect were not sworn in, as two died and two resigned. The list below includes the Representatives-elect (with name in italics), with the seniority they would have held if they had been sworn in.
Party designations used in this article are DR for Democratic-Republican members and F for Federalist representatives. Designations used for service in the first three congresses are (A) for Anti-Administration members and (P) for Pro-Administration representatives.
|Six consecutive terms|
|001||Thomas Hartley||F||PA-8||March 4, 1789||(P) 1789-95. Died December 21, 1800.|
|002||Josiah Parker||F||VA-11||(A) 1789-93; (P) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress:
April 24, 1799. Last term.
|003||George Thatcher||F||MA-14||(P) 1789-95. Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in).|
|Five consecutive terms|
|004||Andrew Gregg||DR||PA-9||March 4, 1791||(A) 1791-95|
|005||William B. Grove||F||NC-7||(P) 1791-95|
|006||John W. Kittera||F||PA-7||(P) 1791-95. Last term.|
|007||Nathaniel Macon||DR||NC-5||(A) 1791-95. Chairman: Claims (1800–01).|
|Five non-consecutive terms|
|008||Theodore Sedgwick||F||MA-1||March 4, 1799||Previously served (P) 1789-95 and (F) 1795-June 1796.
Speaker of the House. Last term.
|Four consecutive terms|
|009||George Dent||F||MD-1||March 4, 1793||(P) 1793-95. Chairman: Elections (1800–01). Last term.|
|010||Dwight Foster||F||MA-4||(P) 1793-95. Chairman: Claims (1799–1800). Resigned June 6, 1800.|
|011||Henry Glen||F||NY-8||(P) 1793-95. Last term.|
|012||Anthony New||DR||VA-16||(A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799.|
|013||John Nicholas||DR||VA-18||(A) 1793-95. Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Last term.|
|014||Samuel Smith||DR||MD-5||(A) 1793-95. Chairman: Commerce and Manufactures.|
|015||Philip Van Cortlandt||DR||NY-3||(A) 1793-95|
|016||Peleg Wadsworth||F||MA-13||(P) 1793-95|
|017||Robert G. Harper||F||SC-5||February 9, 1795||(P) February 9-March 3, 1795. Chairman: Ways and Means
(1799–1800). Last term.
|Four non-consecutive terms|
|018||Thomas Sumter||DR||SC-4||March 4, 1797||Previously served (A) 1789-93|
|019||Abiel Foster||F||NH-al||March 4, 1795||Previously served (P) June 22, 1789–91|
|020||Aaron Kitchell||DR||NJ-2||March 4, 1799||Previously served (P) 1791-93 and January 29-March 3, 1795;
(F) 1795-97. Last term.
|Three consecutive terms|
|021||Samuel J. Cabell||DR||VA-14||March 4, 1795||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799|
|022||Albert Gallatin||DR||PA-12||Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in)|
|023||Chauncey Goodrich||F||CT-al||Last term|
|024||Roger Griswold||F||CT-al||Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business (1799–1800).
Chairman: Ways and Means (1800–01).
|025||Jonathan N. Havens||DR||NY-1||Died, as Representative-elect: October 25, 1799|
|026||Edward Livingston||DR||NY-2||Last term until 18th Congress|
|027||Samuel Lyman||F||MA-3||Resigned November 6, 1800|
|028||John Reed, Sr.||F||MA-6||Last term|
|030||Joseph B. Varnum||DR||MA-9|
|031||William Craik||F||MD-3||December 5, 1796||Last term|
|032||Samuel Sewall||F||MA-10||December 7, 1796||Resigned January 10, 1800|
|033||Samuel W. Dana||F||CT-al||January 3, 1797||Chairman: Elections (1799–1800)|
|Three non-consecutive terms|
|034||Theodorus Bailey||DR||NY-5||March 4, 1799||Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97. Last term until
seated in the 7th Congress.
|035||Gabriel Christie||DR||MD-6||Previously served (A) 1793-95 and (DR) 1795-97. Last term.|
|036||Peter Muhlenberg||DR||PA-4||Previously served (A) 1789-91 and 1793-95. Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in).|
|037||Joshua Seney||DR||MD-7||Previously served (A) 1789-92. Died, as Representative-elect:
October 20, 1798.
|Two consecutive terms|
|038||George Baer, Jr.||F||MD-4||March 4, 1797||Last term until 14th Congress|
|039||James A. Bayard||F||DE-al|
|040||Christopher G. Champlin||F||RI-al||Last term|
|041||Matthew Clay||DR||VA-6||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799|
|042||Thomas T. Davis||DR||KY-1||Elected to this Congress: May 7, 1799|
|043||John Dawson||DR||VA-15||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799|
|045||Lucas C. Elmendorf||DR||NY-4|
|046||Thomas Evans||F||VA-12||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Last term.|
|047||John Fowler||DR||KY-2||Elected to this Congress: May 7, 1799|
|048||Jonathan Freeman||F||NH-al||Last term|
|049||William Gordon||F||NH-al||Resigned June 12, 1800|
|050||John A. Hanna||DR||PA-6|
|051||David Holmes||DR||VA-2||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799|
|052||James H. Imlay||F||NJ-4||Last term|
|053||Matthew Lyon||DR||VT-1||Last term until 8th Congress|
|054||Harrison G. Otis||F||MA-8||Last term|
|055||John Rutledge, Jr.||F||SC-2|
|058||Abram Trigg||DR||VA-4||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799|
|059||John J. Trigg||DR||VA-5|
|061||John Allen||F||CT-al||April 10, 1797||Resigned, as Representative-elect: c. August 1799 |
|062||Lewis R. Morris||F||VT-2||May 22, 1797|
|063||William Edmond||F||CT-al||November 13, 1797||Last term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in)|
|064||William Claiborne||DR||TN-al||November 23, 1797||Elected to this Congress: August 1–2, 1799. Last term
(elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in).
|065||Thomas Pinckney||F||SC-1||Last term|
|066||Bailey Bartlett||F||MA-11||November 27, 1797|
|067||Peleg Sprague||F||NH-al||December 15, 1797||Resigned, as Representative-elect: c. October 1799 |
|068||Joseph Hiester||DR||PA-5||December 1, 1798|
|069||Jonathan Brace||F||CT-al||December 3, 1798||Resigned 1800|
|070||Joseph Eggleston||DR||VA-9||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Last term.|
|071||Robert Waln||F||PA-1||Last term|
|072||Robert Brown||DR||PA-4||December 4, 1798|
|073||Richard D. Spaight||DR||NC-10||December 10, 1798||Last term|
|Two non-consecutive terms|
|074||William Cooper||F||NY-10||March 4, 1799||Previously served (F) 1795-97. Last term.|
|075||George Jackson||DR||VA-3||Previously served (DR) 1795-97. Elected to this Congress:
April 24, 1799.
|076||John Smilie||DR||PA-11||Previously served (A) 1793-95|
|077||Willis Alston||DR||NC-9||March 4, 1799|
|079||Phanuel Bishop||DR||MA-7||Elected to this Congress: June 6, 1799|
|080||John Brown||F||RI-al||Only term|
|082||Franklin Davenport||F||NJ-5||Only term|
|084||Joseph Dickson||F||NC-1||Only term|
|085||Samuel Goode||DR||VA-8||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799.|
|088||William H. Hill||F||NC-6|
|090||James Jones||F||GA-al||Died January 11, 1801|
|091||Henry Lee||F||VA-19||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Only term.|
|094||James Linn||DR||NJ-3||Only term|
|095||John Marshall||F||VA-13||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Resigned, to become
Secretary of State: June 7, 1800.
|...||Joseph H. Nicholson||DR||MD-7||Special election before start of term|
|096||Abraham Nott||F||SC-6||Only term|
|097||Robert Page||F||VA-1||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Only term.|
|098||Jonas Platt||F||NY-9||Chairman: Revisal and Unfinished Business (1800–01). Only term.|
|099||Leven Powell||F||VA-17||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799. Only term.|
|100||John Randolph||DR||VA-7||Elected to this Congress: April 24, 1799|
|101||David Stone||DR||NC-8||Only term (elected to 7th Congress but not sworn in)|
|103||John C. Thomas||F||MD-2||Only term|
|104||John Thompson||DR||NY-7||Only term until 10th Congress|
|105||Lemuel Williams||F||MA-5||Elected to this Congress: August 29, 1799|
|Members joining the House, after the start of the Congress|
|...||Elizur Goodrich||F||CT-al||September 16, 1799||Special election. Only term (elected to 7th Congress but did not
|...||James Sheafe||F||NH-al||November 18, 1799||Special election. Only term.|
|...||John Smith||DR||NY-1||February 6, 1800||Special election: December 27–29, 1799|
|...||John C. Smith||F||CT-al||November 17, 1800||Special election: September 15, 1800|
|...||Samuel Tenney||F||NH-al||November 18, 1800||Special election: October 27, 1800|
|...||Nathan Read||F||MA-10||November 25, 1800||Special election: October 20, 1800|
|...||Littleton W. Tazewell||DR||VA-7||November 26, 1800||Special election: July 31, 1800. Only term.|
|...||Levi Lincoln||DR||MA-4||December 15, 1800||Special election|
|...||John Stewart||DR||PA-8||January 15, 1801|
|...||Ebenezer Mattoon||F||MA-3||February 2, 1801||Special election: December 15, 1800|
|Non voting members|
|a||William H. Harrison||-||OH-al||March 4, 1799||Delegate for Northwest Territory (most population in future OH).
Resigned to become Territorial Governor of IN: May 14, 1800.
|b||William McMillan||-||OH-al||November 24, 1800||Delegate for Northwest Territory (after July 4, 1800 only future OH).
- 112th Congress official House seniority list
- Annals of Congress, for the date of election
- Based on Rule X Organisation of Committees, in the House Rules and Manual for the 112th Congress. For membership and chairmen, see the Journal of the House of Representatives for the 6th Congress for the dates of appointment specified.
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1977, page 8 for the special election to 3rd Congress on October 13–14, 1794; Congressional Biographical Directory for service from February 1795 and the House of Representatives Journal of February 9, 1795 for exact date Harper took his seat.
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, election (page 18) and death (note 4 on page 21).
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, election (page 18) and resignation (note 1 on page 21).
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, election (page 18) and resignation (note 9 on page 21).
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, special election (page 20).
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company 1998) ISBN 0-7864-0283-0
- House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
- House of Representatives list of members of the 6th Congress