List of Prime Ministers of Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Finland since the establishment of that office in 1917.

History[edit]

In 1918, the Finnish Senate was transformed into the Council of State (or cabinet) of Finland, and the position of Vice-Chairman of the Economic Division of the Senate was transformed into that of a Prime Minister. Kesäranta (in Swedish Villa Bjälbo), located in the Meilahti area of Helsinki, has been the official residence of the Prime Minister of Finland since 1919.

Since its independence (declared on 6 December 1917), Finland has had 72 cabinets,[1] including the current one, the longest lasting being the two cabinets of Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen, both lasting 1,464 days.

Before the 1980s cabinets tended to be short-lived: the President was the most important political figure and he had the right to form a new cabinet whenever he wanted. From the 1980s onwards cabinets have tended to serve full terms (although the Prime Minister may have changed midterm in a few cases, most of the other cabinet has remained nearly unchanged) and the Prime Minister has become more powerful a figure than the President. Under the current constitution the Prime Minister is chosen by the Parliament and only appointed by the President.

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

Prime Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Coalition Cabinet
1
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
Svinhuvud, Per EvindPehr Evind Svinhufvud
(1861–1944)
27 November 1917 27 May 1918 0 years, 181 days   Young Finnish 1917 SPNSPMLRKP 1. Svinhufvud I
2
Juho Kusti Paasikivi
Paasikivi, Juho KustiJuho Kusti Paasikivi
(1870–1956)
27 May 1918 27 November 1918 0 years, 184 days   Finnish SP/KOKNSP/EDMLRKP 2. Paasikivi I
3
Lauri Ingman
Ingman, LauriLauri Ingman
(1868–1934)
27 November 1918 17 April 1919 0 years, 141 days   National Coalition KOKEDRKP 3. Ingman I
4
Kaarlo Castrén
Castrén, KaarloKaarlo Castrén
(1860–1938)
17 April 1919 15 August 1919 0 years, 120 days   National Progressive 1919 MLEDRKP 4. K.Castrén
5
Juho Vennola
Vennola, JuhoJuho Vennola
(1872–1938)
15 August 1919 15 March 1920 0 years, 213 days   National Progressive MLED 5. Vennola I
6
Rafael Erich
Erich, RafaelRafael Erich
(1879–1946)
15 March 1920 9 April 1921 1 year, 25 days   National Coalition KOKMLEDRKP 6. Erich
(5)
Juho Vennola
Vennola, JuhoJuho Vennola
(1872–1938)
9 April 1921 2 June 1922 1 year, 54 days   National Progressive MLED 7. Vennola II
7
Aimo Cajander
Cajander, AimoAimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
2 June 1922 14 November 1922 0 years, 165 days   Independent 1922 Caretaker government 8. Cajander I
8
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
14 November 1922 18 January 1924 1 year, 65 days   Agrarian MLED 9. Kallio I
(7)
Aimo Cajander
Cajander, AimoAimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
18 January 1924 31 May 1924 0 years, 134 days   Independent 1924 Caretaker government 10. Cajander II
(3)
Lauri Ingman
Ingman, LauriLauri Ingman
(1868–1934)
31 May 1924 31 March 1925 0 years, 304 days   National Coalition KOKMLEDRKP 11. Ingman II
9
Antti Tulenheimo
Tulenheimo, AnttiAntti Tulenheimo
(1879–1952)
31 March 1925 31 December 1925 0 years, 275 days   National Coalition KOKML 12. Tulenheimo
(8)
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
31 December 1925 13 December 1926 0 years, 347 days   Agrarian MLKOK 13. Kallio II
10
Väinö Tanner
Tanner, VäinöVäinö Tanner
(1881–1966)
13 December 1926 17 December 1927 1 year, 4 days   Social Democratic SDP 14. Tanner
11
Juho Sunila
Sunila, JuhoJuho Sunila
(1875–1936)
17 December 1927 22 December 1928 1 year, 5 days   Agrarian 1927 ML 15. Sunila I
12
Oskari Mantere
Mantere, OskariOskari Mantere
(1874–1942)
22 December 1928 16 August 1929 0 years, 237 days   National Progressive ED 16. Mantere
(8)
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
16 August 1929 4 July 1930 0 years, 322 days   Agrarian 1929 ML 17. Kallio III
(1)
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
Svinhuvud, Per EvindPehr Evind Svinhufvud
(1861–1944)
4 July 1930 18 February 1931 0 years, 229 days   National Coalition 1930 MLKOKEDRKP 18. Svinhufvud II
(11)
Juho Sunila
Sunila, JuhoJuho Sunila
(1875–1936)
21 March 1931 14 December 1932 1 year, 300 days   Agrarian MLKOKEDRKP 19. Sunila II
13
Toivo Mikael Kivimäki
Kivimäki, Toivo MikaelToivo Mikael Kivimäki
(1886–1968)
15 December 1932 7 October 1936 3 years, 298 days   National Progressive 1933 MLEDRKP 20. Kivimäki
(8)
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio, KyöstiKyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
7 October 1936 17 February 1937 0 years, 133 days   Agrarian 1936 MLED 21. Kallio IV
(7)
Aimo Cajander
Cajander, AimoAimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
12 March 1937 1 December 1939 2 years, 264 days   National Progressive 1939 SDPMLEDRKP 22. Cajander
14
Risto Ryti
Ryti, RistoRisto Ryti
(1889–1956)
1 December 1939 19 December 1940 1 year, 18 days   National Progressive
SDPMLEDRKP
SDPMLKOKEDRKP
23. Ryti I
24. Ryti II
15
Johan Wilhelm Rangell
Rangell, Johan WilhelmJohan Wilhelm Rangell
(1894–1982)
3 January 1941 5 March 1943 2 years, 61 days   National Progressive SDPMLKOKRKPEDIKL 25. Rangell
16
Edwin Linkomies
Linkomies, EdwinEdwin Linkomies
(1894–1963)
5 March 1943 8 August 1944 1 year, 156 days   National Coalition KOKSDPMLRKPED 26. Linkomies
17
Antti Hackzell
Hackzell, AnttiAntti Hackzell
(1881–1946)
8 August 1944 21 September 1944 0 years, 44 days   National Coalition KOKSDPMLRKPED 27. Hackzell
18
Urho Castrén
Castrén, UrhoUrho Castrén
(1886–1965)
21 September 1944 17 November 1944 0 years, 57 days   National Coalition KOKSDPMLRKPED 28. U.Castrén
(2)
Juho Kusti Paasikivi
Paasikivi, Juho KustiJuho Kusti Paasikivi
(1870–1956)
17 November 1944 9 March 1946 1 year, 112 days   National Coalition
1945
SDPSKDLMLKOKRKPED
SDPSKDLMLEDRKP
29. Paasikivi II
30. Paasikivi III
19
Mauno Pekkala
Pekkala, MaunoMauno Pekkala
(1890–1952)
26 March 1946 29 July 1948 2 years, 142 days   People's Democratic SKDLSDPMLRKP 31. Pekkala
20
Karl-August Fagerholm
Fagerholm, Karl-AugustKarl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
29 July 1948 17 March 1950 1 year, 231 days   Social Democratic 1948 SDP 32. Fagerholm I
21
Urho Kekkonen
Kekkonen, UrhoUrho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
17 March 1950 17 November 1953 3 years, 245 days   Agrarian

1951
MLRKPED
MLSDPRKPED
MLSDPRKP
MLRKP
33. Kekkonen I
34. Kekkonen II
35. Kekkonen III
36. Kekkonen IV
22
Sakari Tuomioja
Tuomioja, SakariSakari Tuomioja
(1911–1964)
17 November 1953 5 May 1954 0 years, 169 days   Independent Caretaker government 37. Tuomioja
23
Ralf Törngren
Törngren, RalfRalf Törngren
(1899–1961)
5 May 1954 20 October 1954 0 years, 168 days   Swedish People's 1954 SDPMLRKP 38. Törngren
(21)
Urho Kekkonen
Kekkonen, UrhoUrho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
20 October 1954 3 March 1956 1 year, 135 days   Agrarian MLSDP 39. Kekkonen V
(20)
Karl-August Fagerholm
Fagerholm, Karl-AugustKarl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
3 March 1956 27 May 1957 1 year, 85 days   Social Democratic SDPMLRKP 40. Fagerholm II
24
V. J. Sukselainen
Sukselainen, V. J.V. J. Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
27 May 1957 29 November 1957 0 years, 186 days   Agrarian MLRKPKPTPSL 41. Sukselainen I
25
Rainer von Fieandt
Fieandt, Rainer vonRainer von Fieandt
(1890–1972)
29 November 1957 26 April 1958 0 years, 148 days   Independent Caretaker government 42. von Fieandt
26
Reino Kuuskoski
Kuuskoski, ReinoReino Kuuskoski
(1907–1965)
26 April 1958 29 August 1958 0 years, 125 days   Independent Caretaker government 43. Kuuskoski
(20)
Karl-August Fagerholm
Fagerholm, Karl-AugustKarl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
29 August 1958 13 January 1959 0 years, 137 days   Social Democratic 1958 SDPMLKOKRKPKP 44. Fagerholm III
(24)
V. J. Sukselainen
Sukselainen, V. J.V. J. Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
13 January 1959 14 July 1961 2 years, 182 days   Agrarian MLRKP 45. Sukselainen II
27
Martti Miettunen
Miettunen, MarttiMartti Miettunen
(1907–2002)
14 July 1961 13 April 1962 0 years, 273 days   Agrarian ML 46. Miettunen I
28
Ahti Karjalainen
Karjalainen, AhtiAhti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
13 April 1962 18 December 1963 1 year, 249 days   Agrarian 1962 MLKOKRKPKPTPSL 47. Karjalainen I
29
Reino Ragnar Lehto
Lehto, Reino RagnarReino Ragnar Lehto
(1898–1966)
18 December 1963 12 September 1964 0 years, 269 days   Independent Caretaker government 48. Lehto
30
Johannes Virolainen
Virolainen, JohannesJohannes Virolainen
(1914–2000)
12 September 1964 27 May 1966 1 year, 257 days   Centre KESKKOKRKPKP 49. Virolainen
31
Rafael Paasio
Paasio, RafaelRafael Paasio
(1903–1980)
27 May 1966 22 March 1968 1 year, 300 days   Social Democratic 1966 SDPKESKSKDLTPSL 50. Paasio I
32
Mauno Koivisto
Koivisto, MaunoMauno Koivisto
(born 1923)
22 March 1968 14 May 1970 2 years, 53 days   Social Democratic SDPKESKSKDLTPSLRKP 51. Koivisto I
33
Teuvo Aura
Aura, TeuvoTeuvo Aura
(1912–1999)
14 May 1970 15 August 1970 0 years, 93 days   Independent Caretaker government 52. Aura I
(28)
Ahti Karjalainen
Karjalainen, AhtiAhti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
15 August 1970 29 October 1971 1 year, 75 days   Centre 1970 KESKSDPSKDLRKPLKP 53. Karjalainen II
(33)
Teuvo Aura
Aura, TeuvoTeuvo Aura
(1912–1999)
29 October 1971 23 February 1972 0 years, 117 days   Independent Caretaker government 54. Aura II
(31)
Rafael Paasio
Paasio, RafaelRafael Paasio
(1903–1980)
23 February 1972 4 September 1972 0 years, 194 days   Social Democratic 1972 SDP 55. Paasio II
34
Kalevi Sorsa
Sorsa, KaleviKalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
4 September 1972 13 June 1975 2 years, 282 days   Social Democratic SDPKESKRKPLKP 56. Sorsa I
35
Keijo Liinamaa
Liinamaa, KeijoKeijo Liinamaa
(1929–1980)
13 June 1975 30 November 1975 0 years, 170 days   Independent Caretaker government 57. Liinamaa
(27)
Martti Miettunen
Miettunen, MarttiMartti Miettunen
(1907–2002)
30 November 1975 15 May 1977 1 year, 166 days   Centre 1975
KESKRKPLKP 58. Miettunen II
59. Miettunen III
(34)
Kalevi Sorsa
Sorsa, KaleviKalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
15 May 1977 26 April 1979 1 year, 346 days   Social Democratic SDPKESKSKDLRKPLKP 60. Sorsa II
(32)
Mauno Koivisto
Koivisto, MaunoMauno Koivisto
(born 1923)
26 May 1979 26 January 1982 2 years, 275 days   Social Democratic 1979 SDPKESKSKDLRKP 61. Koivisto II
(34)
Kalevi Sorsa
Sorsa, KaleviKalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
19 February 1982 30 April 1987 5 years, 70 days   Social Democratic
1983
SDPKESKSKDLRKPLKP
SDPKESKRKPSMP
62. Sorsa III
63. Sorsa IV
36
Harri Holkeri
Holkeri, HarriHarri Holkeri
(1937–2011)
30 April 1987 26 April 1991 3 years, 361 days   National Coalition 1987 KOKSDPRKPSMP 64. Holkeri
37
Esko Aho
Aho, EskoEsko Aho
(born 1954)
26 April 1991 13 April 1995 3 years, 352 days   Centre 1991 KESKKOKRKPKD 65. Aho
38
Paavo Lipponen
Lipponen, PaavoPaavo Lipponen
(born 1941)
13 April 1995 17 April 2003 8 years, 4 days   Social Democratic 1995
1999
SDPKOKRKPVASVIHR 66. Lipponen I
67. Lipponen II
39
Anneli Jäätteenmäki
Jäätteenmäki, AnneliAnneli Jäätteenmäki
(born 1955)
17 April 2003 24 June 2003 0 years, 68 days   Centre 2003 KESKSDPRKP 68. Jäätteenmäki
40
Matti Vanhanen
Vanhanen, MattiMatti Vanhanen
(born 1955)
24 June 2003 22 June 2010 6 years, 363 days   Centre
2007
KESKSDPRKP
(2003 – 2007)
KESKKOKRKPVIHR
(2007 – 2010)
69. Vanhanen I
70. Vanhanen II
41
Mari Kiviniemi
Kiviniemi, MariMari Kiviniemi
(born 1968)
22 June 2010 22 June 2011 1 year, 0 days   Centre KESKKOKRKPVIHR 71. Kiviniemi
42
Jyrki Katainen
Katainen, JyrkiJyrki Katainen
(born 1971)
22 June 2011 24 June 2014 3 years, 2 days   National Coalition 2011 KOKSDPRKPVASVIHRKD 72. Katainen
43
Alexander Stubb
Stubb, AlexanderAlexander Stubb
(born 1968)
24 June 2014 Incumbent 0 years, 154 days   National Coalition KOKSDPRKPVIHRKD 73. Stubb

Interim Prime Ministers[edit]

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Note
Juho Vennola
(1872–1938)
JuhoVennola.jpg 18 February 1931 21 March 1931 National Progressive Party Substitute to Svinhufvud, who became President of Finland
Rudolf Holsti
(1881–1945)
Rudolf Holsti.jpg 17 February 1937 12 March 1937 National Progressive Party Substitute to Kyösti Kallio, who became President of Finland
Rudolf Walden
(1878–1946)
Rudolf Walden.jpg 27 March 1940 4 January 1941 Non-partisan Substitute to Risto Ryti, who became President of Finland
Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
Carl enckell.jpg 9 March 1946 26 March 1946 Non-partisan Substitute to Juho Kusti Paasikivi, who became President of Finland
Eemil Luukka
(1892–1970)
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 3 July 1961 14 July 1961 Agrarian League Substitute to V.J Sukselainen who resinged from office
Eino Uusitalo
(1924– )
Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg 11 September 1981 19 February 1982 Centre Party Substitute to Mauno Koivisto, who became first Acting President of Finland and later President of the Republic of Finland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finnish Council of State. "The Cabinet in Office". Finnish Council of State. Retrieved June 23, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Prime ministers of Finland at Wikimedia Commons