List of historical capitals of Hungary

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Capitals of the Hungarian State[edit]

During the history of Hungary the country has had more than one capital city. These were:

Capitals of Pannonia province[edit]

Note that the Roman provinces on the territory of Hungary, notably Pannonia, had other capitals. Capitals of Roman Pannonia, located in the territory of present day Hungary, were: Aquincum (today Óbuda), Savaria (Szombathely) and Sopianae (Pécs).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pressburg became the capital of Habsburg Hungary (Royal Hungary) in 1536, however the Queen, the infant counter-king John II and George Martinuzzi secured Buda until the Ottoman annexation (1541)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hungary in the Middle Ages
  2. ^ History of Esztergom
  3. ^ Gábor Alföldy, Centuries of the Royal Castle in Buda, History Museum, 2000, p. 4, ISBN 9789637096990
  4. ^ a b c Kristó Gyula - Barta János - Gergely Jenő: Magyarország története előidőktől 2000-ig (History of Hungary from the prehistory to 2000), Pannonica Kiadó, Budapest, 2002, ISBN 963-9252-56-5, p. 687, pp. 120-121 ("1315-ben Károly a királyi székhelyet a kevésbé biztonságos Budáról a nehezen megközelíthető Temesvárra helyezte át.."/"In 1315 Charles Robert moved the royal seat from the less safety Buda to the outway Temesvár (Timișoara).", "Károly Róbert a királyi székhelyet 1323 tavaszán Temesvárról Visegrádra helyezte át."/"Charles Robert moved the royal seat from Temesvár (Timișoara) to Visegrád in the spring of 1323")
  5. ^ "Amikor Ausztria behódolt a magyaroknak". mult-kor.hu. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  6. ^ Pozsony, the coronation town
  7. ^ István Keul, Early Modern Religious Communities in East-Central Europe: Ethnic Diversity, Denominational Plurality, and Corporative Politics in the Principality of Transylvania (1526-1691), BRILL, 2009, p. 61
  8. ^ István Homolya, Valentine Bakfark: lutenist from Transylvania, Corvina, 1984, p. 19
  9. ^ Elek Fényes: Magyarország geográfiai szótára ("Geographical dictionary of Hungary"), Pest, 1851, B/Buda
  10. ^ History of Debrecen
  11. ^ Budapestinfo