Mayor of Milan
|Mayor of Milan
Sindaco di Milano
|Style||No courtesy, title or style|
|Appointer||Electorate of Milan|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Antonio Durini|
|Formation||8 November 1807|
|Deputy||Ada Lucia De Cesaris|
The Mayor of Milan (Italian: Sindaco di Milano) is an elected politician who, along with the Milan’s City Council of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Milan in northern Italy. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.
- 1 Overview
- 2 List
- 3 Elections
- 4 See also
- 5 References
According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Milan is member of the Milan's City Council. Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the nine boroughs of Milan, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.
The Mayor is elected by the population of Milan. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government.
Since 1993 the Mayor is elected directly by Milan's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.
- 1807-1814, Antonio Durini
- 1814-1820, Giovanni Cesare Giulini Della Porta
- 1820-1827, Carlo Villa
- 1827-1837, Antonio Durini
- 1837-1848, Gabrio Casati
- 1848-1849, military dictator Franz von Wimpffen
- 1849-1856, Antonio Pestalozza
- 1856-1859, Giuseppe Sebregondi
- 1859-1860, Luigi Barbiano di Belgioioso
In 1860 the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Milan (Sindaco di Milano), chosen by the City council.
- 1860-1867, Antonio Beretta
- 1867-1868, prefectural dictator Alessandro Vasina D'Emarese
- 1868-1884, Giulio Belinzaghi (Historical Right)
- 1884-1889, Gaetano Negri (Historical Right)
- 1889-1892, Giulio Belinzaghi (Historical Right)
- 1892, provisional administrator Tizio Brambilla
- 1892-1894, Giuseppe Vigoni (Historical Right)
- 1894-1895, prefectural dictator Adeodato Bonasi
- 1895-1899, Giuseppe Vigoni (Historical Right)
- 1899, prefectural dictator Francesco Maggiotti
- 1899-1903, Giuseppe Mussi (Social Liberal)
- 1903-1904, Giambattista Barinetti (Social Liberal)
- 1904-1905, prefectural dictator Giuseppe Airoldi
- 1905-1909, Ettore Ponti (Liberal Conservative)
- 1909-1910, Bassano Gabba (Liberal Conservative)
- 1910-1911, prefectural dictator Cesare Gallotti
- 1911-1913, Emanuele Greppi (Conservative)
- 1913-1914, prefectural dictator Filiberto Olgiati
- 1914-1920, Emilio Caldara (PSI)
- 1920-1922, Angelo Filippetti (PSI)
- 1922, prefectural dictator Ferdinando Lalli
- 1922, prefectural dictator Pio Carbonelli
- 1922-1926, Luigi Mangiagalli (Conservative)
- 1926-1928, Ernesto Belloni
- 1928-1929, Giuseppe D'Arzago De Capitani
- 1929-1935, Marcello Visconti di Modrone
- 1935-1938, Guido Pesenti
- 1938-1943, Gian Giacomo Gallarati Scotti
- 1943, prefectural dictator Giorgio Boltraffio
- 1943-1944, Piero Parini
- 1944-1944, Guido Andreoni
- 1944-1945, Giuseppe Spinelli
- 1945-1945, Mario Colombo
From 1945 to 1993, the Mayor of Milan was chosen by the City council.
|13||Antonio Greppi||April 27, 1945||June 25, 1951||Socialist||PSI - DC - PCI||1946|
|14||Virgilio Ferrari||June 25, 1951||January 21, 1961||Socialdemocratic||DC - PSDI||1951, 1956|
|15||Gino Cassinis||January 21, 1961||January 13, 1964||Socialdemocratic||DC - PSDI - PSI||1960|
|16||Pietro Bucalossi||February 17, 1964||November 16, 1967||Socialdemocratic||DC - PSDI - PSI||1964|
|17||Aldo Aniasi||November 16, 1967||May 12, 1976||Socialist||DC - PSI - PSDI(1967–75)||1970, 1975|
|18||Carlo Tognoli||May 12, 1976||December 21, 1986||Socialist||PCI - PSI||1980, 1985|
|19||Paolo Pillitteri||December 21, 1986||January 18, 1992||Socialist||DC - PSI||1990|
|20||Giampiero Borghini||January 18, 1992||March 11, 1993||Socialist||DC - PSI||-|
Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Milan is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and later every five years.
|Mayor of Milan||Took office||Left office||Party||Coalition|
|21||Marco Formentini||June 20, 1993||May 11, 1997||Lega Nord||LN
June 20, 1993 – May 11, 1997
|22||Gabriele Albertini||May 11, 1997||June 1, 2006||Forza Italia||FI - AN - CCD
May 11, 1997 – June 1, 2001
|FI - AN - UDC
June 1, 2001 – June 1, 2006
|23||Letizia Moratti||June 1, 2006||June 1, 2011||Forza Italia then
People of Freedom
|PDL - LN - UDC
June 1, 2006 - June 1, 2011
|24||Giuliano Pisapia||June 1, 2011||incumbent||Left Ecology Freedom||PD - SEL - PRC
since June 1, 2011
City Council election, 1946
The first democratic election after the fall of fascism took place on April 7, 1946.
After the defeat of the Nazis forces on April 25, 1945, Socialist politician Antonio Greppi had been appointed as Provisional Mayor by the National Liberation Committee under approval of the United Nations military government. When the authority of the Italian government was restored on January 1, 1946, local elections were called in Northern Italy.
Proportional representation and Westminster system were the principles chosen to restore municipal democracy in Italy. After the clear Socialist victory, Antonio Greppi was confirmed mayor by the new City Council, and an executive board of municipal unity was formed: the alliance between PSI, DC and PCI ruled Milan as it ruled Italy at time.
|Italian Socialist Party||225,383||36.2||29|
|Italian Communist Party||155,140||24.9||20|
|National Democratic Union||45,864||7.3||6|
|Italian Republican Party-Action Party||19,168||3.1||2|
|Local Traders List||9,931||1.6||1|
City Council election, 1951
The second post-war election took place on May 27, 1951.
Political situation had deeply changed during the previous five years. A new social-democratic party had broken away from the Socialist Party, and the alliances of anti-fascist unity had ended both at national and at local level. The Communist Party had left the administration of Milan in 1949, as the remaining Socialist Party had moved to a position of abstention. Antonio Greppi had joined the Social-democratic group and formed a new alliance with the DC, the PLI and the PRI.
In 1951 Alcide De Gasperi's government changed the local electoral law to a block voting system, to ensure the leadership of its local administrations: two thirds of the seats would be ensured to the winning coalition, abolishing the proportional representation.
The national government coalition obtained an absolute majority with a 53% of suffrages, which was changed into a 66% of seats by the electoral law. However Greppi, who had unsuccessfully called for a coalition of Socialist unity between the PSDI and the PSI, was fired by the DC. Virgilio Ferrari, a Social-democratic activist, so became the new mayor.
|Coalitions and parties||Votes||%||+/-||Seats||+/-|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||111,185||14.3||N/A||15||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||49,299||6.4||0.9||6||=|
|Italian Republican Party||13,069||1.7||1.4||2||=|
|Popular Democratic Front||291,796||37.8||N/A||21||15|
|Italian Communist Party||179,894||23.3||1.6||13||7|
|Italian Socialist Party||109,097||14.1||22.1||8||7|
|Others (civic list)||2,805||0.4||1.2||=||1|
|Italian Social Movement||50,454||6.5||6.5||4||4|
|Monarchist National Party||23,956||3.0||3.0||2||2|
City Council election, 1956
The election took place on May 27, 1956.
For this election there was a different electoral law: after Alcide De Gasperi's government had retired in 1953 the 1951-electoral law based on a block voting system, the previous electoral law was restored.
Christian Democracy obtained the 30% of suffrages, while the Italian Socialist Party the 20% of the votes gaining 6% more than the 1951-election. Virgilio Ferrari was confirmed mayor by the majority of the City Council.
|Italian Socialist Party||173,813||20.1||6.0||16||8|
|Italian Communist Party||158,818||18.3||5.0||15||2|
|Italian Socialist Democratic Party||103,175||11.9||2.4||10||5|
|Italian Liberal Party||53,501||6.3||0.1||5||1|
|Italian Social Movement||50,827||5.9||0.6||4||=|
|Monarchist National Party||35,171||4.1||1.1||3||1|
|Italian Republican Party||13,407||1.2||0.5||=||2|
|Others (civc list)||15,721||2.0||1.6||2||2|
Sunday, May 27, 1956. Source: La Stampa
Mayoral and Council election, 1993
The election took place in two rounds: the first on June 6 and the second on June 20.
For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time in the municipal political history there weren't parties like Christian Democracy, Italian Socialist Party or Italian Communist Party: the main parties were the newborn separatist Lega Nord and the Alliance of Progressives, composed by center-left parties.
On June 20, 1993, Formentini won the election and became the first elected mayor of Milan and the first mayor from a conservative party since 1946.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 1993|
|Marco Formentini||Lega Nord||346,425||38.8||452,732||57.1|
|Nando Dalla Chiesa||Alliance of Progressives||270,554||30.3||340,708||42.9|
Mayoral and Council election, 1997
The election took place in two rounds: the first on April 27 and the second on May 11.
The main candidates were Gabriele Albertini, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's coalition Pole of Freedoms and by some Christian-democratic parties, and Aldo Fumagalli, supported by Romano Prodi's coalition The Olive Tree.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 1997|
|Gabriele Albertini||Forza Italia||318,075||40.7||385,496||53.1|
|Aldo Fumagalli||Democratic Party of the Left||214,733||27.5||339,942||46.9|
Mayoral and Council election, 2001
The election took place on May 13, 2001.
The main candidates were the incumbent mayor Gabriele Albertini, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's center-right coalition, and Sandro Antoniazzi, supported by Francesco Rutelli's center-left coalition The Olive Tree.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 2001|
|Gabriele Albertini||Forza Italia||495,938||57.5|
|Sandro Antoniazzi||Democrats of the Left||262,686||30.5|
|Antonio Di Pietro||Italy of Values||45,229||5.2|
|Arturo Testa||Pensioners' Party||6,715||0.8|
|Camilla Occhionorelli||European Democracy||4,197||0.5|
|Attilio Carelli||Tricolour Flame||3,804||0.4|
|Giorgio Carlo Schultze||Humanist Party||2,665||0.3|
|Sergio Gozzoli||Forza Nuova||1,869||0.2|
Mayoral and Council election, 2006
The election took place on May 29–30, 2006.
Letizia Moratti won the election on the first round with the 52% of the votes and became the first female mayor of Milan.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 2006|
|Letizia Moratti||Forza Italia||353,298||51.9|
|Bruno Ferrante||Democrats of the Left||319,823||47.0|
|Giorgio Maria Carlo Ballabio||Civic List "Your Milan"||1,329||0.2|
|Cesare Fracca||Civic List "Living Milan"||1,169||0.2|
|Gabriele Pagliuzzi||Liberal Right||1,187||0.1|
|Ambrogio Crespi||Liberal Democrats||1,086||0.1|
|Valerio Colombo||Humanist Party||752||0.1|
|Alberto Beniamino Saibene||Civic List "This is a City"||676||0.1|
|Sante Gaiardoni||Sante Gaiardoni List||523||0.1|
|Pietro Vangeli||Communist List||392||0.1|
Mayoral and Council election, 2011
The election took place in two rounds: the first on May 15–16 and the second on May 29–30.
The main candidates were the incumbent mayor Letizia Moratti, from Silvio Berlusconi's party People of Freedom, and the lawyer Giuliano Pisapia, from Left Ecology Freedom. Pisapia was chosen as the candidate for the center-left coalition on November 14, 2010 with the coalition primary elections. On the contrary Letizia Moratti was confirmed by her party as the official candidate.
Letizia Moratti was supported by a big center-right coalition, composed by People of Freedom, Lega Nord and some 9 civic lists. Giuliano Pisapia was supported by Democratic Party, Left Ecology Freedom, Italy of Values, Communist Refoundation Party, Italian Radicals, Greens and some civic lists.
Pisapia won the second round and became the first elected mayor of Milan from a left-wing party. The candidate of Beppe Grillo's party Five Star Movement, Mattia Calise, who was only 20 years old, obtained near the 3.5% of the votes.
|Milan Mayoral Election Results 2011 |
|Giuliano Pisapia||Left Ecology Freedom||315,862||48.0||365,657||55.1|
|Letizia Moratti||People of Freedom||273,401||41.6||297,874||44.9|
|Manfredi Palmeri||New Pole for Italy||36,471||5.54|
|Mattia Calise||Five Star Movement||21,228||3.43|
|Giancarlo Pagliarini||Lega Padana||4,229||0.64|
|Marco Mantovani||Forza Nuova||2,366||0.35|
|Carla De Albertis||Civic List "Your Milan"||1,804||0.27|
|Elisabetta Fatuzzo||Pensioners' Party||1,613||0.24|
|Fabrizio Montuori||Workers' Communist Party||405||0.06|
|Milan Council Election 2011 - Parties |
|Center-left (Pisapia)||281,494||47.6||29||Democratic Party
Left Ecology Freedom
Communist Refoundation Party
Italy of Values
Civic Lists (2)
|Center-right (Moratti)||257,777||43.3||16||People of Freedom
New Italian Socialist Party
Civic Lists (8)
- Landoni, Enrico. "1975 La nascita della prima giunta di sinistra a Milano". Arcipelago Milano.
-  Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2011.