Republican Fascist Party
|Republican Fascist Party|
|Partito Fascista Repubblicano|
|Duce and founder||Benito Mussolini|
|General Secretary||Alessandro Pavolini|
|Founded||September 13, 1943|
|Dissolved||April 28, 1945|
|Preceded by||National Fascist Party|
|Succeeded by||Democratic Fascist Party
Italian Social Movement (not legal successor)
|Headquarters||Piazza San Sepolcro, Milan, R.S.I.|
|Paramilitary wing||Black Brigades|
|Colours||‹See Tfm› Black|
|Politics of Italy
The Republican Fascist Party (Partito Fascista Repubblicano, PFR) was a political party led by Benito Mussolini during the German occupation of Central and Northern Italy. It was founded as the successor of former National Fascist Party as an anti-monarchist party. It considered King Victor Emmanuel III to be a traitor after he had signed the surrender to the Allied powers.
After the Nazi-engineered Gran Sasso raid liberated Mussolini, on September 13 1943, the PNF was revived as the PFR and as the single party of the Northern and Nazi-protected Italian Social Republic (the Salò Republic). Its secretary was Alessandro Pavolini.
The PFR did not outlast Mussolini's execution and the disappearance of the Salò state in April 1945. However it inspired the creation of the Italian Social Movement, and the MSI has been seen as the successor to the PFR and the National Fascist Party (PNF). The MSI was formed by former fascist leaders and veterans of the republic's fascist army. The party tried to modernise and revise fascist doctrine into a more moderate and sophisticated direction. The Social Movement was considered legal under Italy's postwar constitution which forbids the formation of overtly Fascist parties.
Secretary of the PFR
- Alessandro Pavolini (November 15, 1943 – April 28, 1945)
- Davies, Peter; Lynch, Derek (2002). The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right. Routledge. p. 328. ISBN 978-0-203-99472-6.
- Levy, 1996, p. 188.
- Ignazi, 1998, p. 157.
- Paynter, John; Hawkesworth, M. E.; Kogan, Maurice (1992). Encyclopedia of government and politics. Routledge. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-415-07224-3.