Republican Fascist Party
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2010)|
|Republican Fascist Party|
|Historic Leader||Benito Mussolini|
|Founded||September 13, 1943|
|Dissolved||April 28, 1945|
|Preceded by||National Fascist Party
(not legal predecessor)
|Succeeded by||Italian Social Movement
(not legal successor)
|Politics of Italy
The Republican Fascist Party (Partito Fascista Repubblicano, PFR) was a political party led by Benito Mussolini during the German occupation of Central and Northern Italy. It was founded as the successor of former National Fascist Party as an anti-monarchist party. It considered King Victor Emmanuel III to be a traitor after he had signed the surrender to the Allied powers.
After the Nazi-engineered Gran Sasso raid liberated Mussolini, on September 13 1943, the PNF was revived as the PFR and as the single party of the Northern and Nazi-protected Italian Social Republic (the Salò Republic). Its secretary was Alessandro Pavolini. The PFR itself did not outlast Mussolini's execution and the disappearance of the Salò state in April 1945, even if many of its members founded the Italian Social Movement after the war; Italy's postwar constitution forbids the formation of any overtly Fascist party.
Secretary of the PFR
- Alessandro Pavolini (November 15, 1943 – April 28, 1945)