List of turnpikes in Maryland

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This is a list of turnpike roads, built and operated by nonprofit turnpike trusts or private companies in exchange for the privilege of collecting a toll, in the U.S. state of Maryland, mainly in the 19th century. While most of the roads are now maintained as free public roads, some have been abandoned.


Name Chartered Routing Approximate modern designation Notes
National Turnpike Cumberland - Frostburg - Grantsville - Pennsylvania (towards Uniontown) U.S. Route 40
Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike January 12, 1805 Baltimore - Ellicott City - Mount Airy - New Market - Frederick - Middletown - Boonsboro Route 144, U.S. Route 40 Alternate
Baltimore and Reister's-town Turnpike January 12, 1805 Baltimore - Reisterstown - Finksburg - Hampstead - Pennsylvania (Hanover and Maryland Line Turnpike); Reisterstown - Westminster - Pennsylvania (towards Littlestown); Finksburg - Gamber; Westminster - Uniontown Route 140, Route 30; Route 140, Route 97; Route 91; Uniontown Road
Baltimore and York-town Turnpike January 12, 1805 Baltimore - Towson - Pennsylvania (towards York) Route 45
Falls Turnpike January 19, 1805 Baltimore - Brooklandville Cathedral Street, Route 25
Washington Turnpike January 25, 1806 District of Columbia (Washington Turnpike) - Rockville Route 355 Was planned to Frederick via Clarksburg, but only built to Rockville
Hagerstown Turnpike January 6, 1810 Westminster - Thurmont - Smithsburg - Hagerstown Uniontown Road, Middleburg Road, Route 77, Route 64
New-Castle and French-town Turnpike January 6, 1810 Chesapeake Bay - Delaware (same name) Lewis Shore Road, abandoned right-of-way
Columbia Turnpike January 6, 1810 Ellicott City - White Oak U.S. Route 29 Not completed by the company; was to extend to District of Columbia, but only built to White Oak[1]
Washington and Baltimore Turnpike December 17, 1812 District of Columbia (Columbia Turnpike) - Laurel - Baltimore U.S. Route 1 Alternate, U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 1 Alternate
Cumberland Turnpike December 17, 1812 Conococheague - Hancock - Cumberland U.S. Route 40, Route 144
Elk and Christiana Turnpike December 19, 1812 Elkton - Delaware (same name) Route 281
Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike January 29, 1814 Baltimore - Edgewood - Aberdeen - Havre de Grace Route 7
Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike January 31, 1814 Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania (Waynesburg, Greencastle, and Mercersburg Turnpike) Route 140
Boonsboro and Sharpsburg Turnpike
Originally Boonsborough Turnpike
January 23, 1815 Boonsboro - Sharpsburg Route 34 The chartered route extended to the Potomac River opposite Shepherdstown, West Virginia, but was never built
Baltimore and Harford Turnpike January 3, 1816 Baltimore - Greenwood - Benson; Greenwood - Little Gunpowder Falls[citation needed] Route 147; Long Green Pike
Calverton Turnpike January 16, 1816
Hagers-Town and Conococheague Turnpike January 27, 1817 Hagerstown - Conococheague U.S. Route 40
Boonsborough Turnpike January 30, 1822 Boonsboro - Funkstown - Hagerstown U.S. Route 40 Alternate
Franklin Turnpike March 10, 1828 Baltimore - Franklintown Franklintown Road
Frederick and Woodsborough Turnpike January 30, 1832 Frederick - Ceresville Route 355, Route 26 Originally authorized to continue to Woodsboro, but that was built by the Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike
Last turnpike in Maryland, bought by the State Roads Commission in 1921
Williamsport and Hagerstown Turnpike March 2, 1833 Williamsport - Hagerstown U.S. Route 11
Northwestern Turnpike March 22, 1833 Connecting the West Virginia turnpike of the same name across southern Allegany County U.S. Route 50
Cumberland and Somerset Turnpike February 4, 1842 Locust Grove - Mount Savage - Pennsylvania (Somerset and Cumberland Turnpike) Route 36, Route 47
Maryland and New York Iron and Coal Company's turnpike March 1, 1843 Mount Savage Iron Works - Mount Savage Route 36
Baltimore, Freedom and Liberty Turnpike
Originally Baltimore and Liberty Turnpike
February 24, 1844 Baltimore - Harrisonville Route 26
Frederick and Emmettsburg Turnpike February 20, 1845 Frederick - Thurmont - Emmitsburg U.S. Route 15
Hagerstown and Waynesborough Turnpike March 10, 1847 Hagerstown - Leitersburg - Pennsylvania (towards Waynesboro) Route 60
Marsh Turnpike February 15, 1848 North of Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (towards Waynesboro) Marsh Pike
Hagerstown and Middleburg Turnpike February 26, 1850 Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (Greencastle and Maryland Line Turnpike) U.S. Route 11
Union Turnpike
Originally Union Plank or Turnpike Road
February 27, 1850 District of Columbia (Washington and Rockville Turnpike) - Glenmont - Olney - Brookeville; Olney - Sandy Spring - Ashton; Sandy Spring — Glenmont Route 97; Route 108; Route 182
Westminster and Taneytown Turnpike February 28, 1850 Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania (Waynesburg, Greencastle, and Mercersburg Turnpike) Route 140 Originally the Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike
Williamsport and Greencastle Turnpike March 6, 1850 Williamsport - Pennsylvania (towards Greencastle) Route 63
Bel-Air Turnpike March 9, 1850 Benson - Bel Air U.S. Route 1 Business
Hagerstown and Sharpsburg Turnpike April 14, 1853 Hagerstown - Sharpsburg Route 65
Hagerstown and Smithsburg Turnpike May 23, 1853 Hagerstown - Smithsburg Route 64
Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike May 27, 1853 Woodsboro - Walkersville - Ceresville Route 194
Frederick and Monocacy Turnpike May 27, 1853 Frederick - Monocacy River Church Street, Gas House Pike[citation needed]
Elkton, Andora and Lewisville Plank Road
Later Elkton, Andora and Lewisville Plank and Turnpike Road
May 27, 1853 Elkton - Cherry Hill - Pennsylvania (towards Lewisville) Route 213
Dulaney's Valley and Towsontown Turnpike February 27, 1856 Loch Raven Reservoir - Towson Route 146
Green Spring Avenue March 6, 1858 Baltimore - Route 130 Greenspring Avenue
Baltimore and Jerusalem Turnpike
Originally Baltimore and Little Gunpowder Falls Turnpike
March 2, 1860 Baltimore - Jerusalem Mills U.S. Route 1, Jerusalem Road
Hagerstown and Cross-Roads Turnpike March 7, 1860 Hagerstown - Cearfoss Route 58
Buckeystown Turnpike March 9, 1860 Frederick - Buckeystown Route 85
Liberty and Frederick Turnpike March 10, 1860 Libertytown - Ceresville Route 26
Frederick City and Catoctin Mountain Road March 10, 1860 Frederick - Catoctin Mountain Yellow Springs Road
Liberty and New Windsor Turnpike February 16, 1864 Libertytown - New Windsor Route 31
Dulaney's Valley and Sweet Air Turnpike February 16, 1864 Loch Raven Reservoir - Knoebel Dulaney Valley Road
Meredith's Ford and Jarrettsville Turnpike February 16, 1864 Loch Raven Reservoir - Taylor Route 146
Liberty and Pipe Creek Turnpike March 10, 1864 Libertytown - Johnsville - Union Bridge Route 75
Western Run Turnpike March 19, 1867 Cockeysville - Butler Western Run Road
Washington, Colesville and Ashton Turnpike April 4, 1870 Silver Spring - Colesville - Ashton U.S. Route 29, Route 650
Mechanicsville and Finksburg Turnpike Finksburg - Gamber Route 91 Later merged into the Baltimore and Reister's-town Turnpike
Georgetown and Rockville Turnpike Rockville - District of Columbia Route 355
Back River Neck Turnpike Middle River - Essex; branch along Back River Neck Route 150; Back River Neck Road
Westminster and Meadow Branch Turnpike Westminster - Frizzelburg Route 140 Originally part of the Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike
Adamstown Turnpike Adamstown (Tuscarora Creek) to Route 85; branch to Doubs (Tuscarora Creek)[2] Mountville Road, New Design Road, Greenfield Road; Doubs Road
Frederick and Ballinger Creek Turnpike Frederick - Ballenger Creek Route 351
Frederick and Jefferson Turnpike Frederick - Jefferson Route 180
Monocacy and Urbana Turnpike Monocacy National Battlefield - Route 355
Woodsboro and Creagerstown Turnpike Woodsboro - Creagerstown Route 550
Woodsboro and Double Pipe Creek Turnpike Woodsboro - Detour Route 194, Detour Road
Frederick and Opossumtown Turnpike Frederick - just north of Frederick Community College Opossumtown Pike
Frederick and Washington Turnpike Frederick - Monocacy National Battlefield Route 355
Ellicott City and Clarksville Turnpike Ellicott City - Clarksville Route 108
Triadelphia Turnpike Glenelg - west of Ellicott City Triadelphia Road
Downsville and Hagerstown Turnpike Downsville - Hagerstown Route 632
Gapland Turnpike Gapland - Gathland State Park Gapland Road
Beaver Creek and South Mountain Turnpike Funkstown - Greenbrier State Park Beaver Creek Road
Charles Street Avenue Baltimore - Woodbrook Charles Street
Washington and Westminster Turnpike Westminster - Smallwood Route 32
Washington Turnpike December 31, 1796 District of Columbia - Baltimore Unbuilt
Elizabeth Turnpike January 20, 1797 Baltimore - Frederick - Hagerstown - Williamsport Unbuilt
Reisterstown Turnpike January 20, 1797 Reisterstown - Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Cumberland and Union Turnpike December 31, 1801 Cumberland - Pennsylvania (towards Uniontown) Unbuilt
Allegany Turnpike December 31, 1801 West Virginia (towards Winchester) - Westernport - West Virginia (towards Morgantown) Unbuilt
Frederick-Town and Harper's Ferry Turnpike December 12, 1812 Frederick - Harper's Ferry Unbuilt
Piscataway and Hynson Turnpike January 2, 1814 Unbuilt
Baltimore and Strasburg Turnpike January 24, 1814 Pennsylvania (towards Holtwood) - Baltimore Unbuilt
Emmittsburg Turnpike January 25, 1815 Point on the Hagerstown Turnpike - Emmitsburg Unbuilt
Susquehanna, Charles-Town and Elkton Turnpike December 22, 1815 Perryville - Charlestown - Elkton Unbuilt
Westminster and New-Windsor Turnpike January 6, 1816 New Windsor - Westminster Unbuilt
Westminster and Liberty Town Turnpike January 15, 1816 Libertytown - Westminster Unbuilt
Baltimore, Liberty and Hager's Town Turnpike January 17, 1816 Baltimore - Libertytown - Hagerstown Unbuilt
Washington and Frederick Turnpike January 17, 1816 Middletown - Potomac River Unbuilt
Loveton Turnpike January 22, 1816 Point on the Baltimore and York-town Turnpike - Pennsylvania (towards Holtwood) Unbuilt
Monocacy Turnpike January 26, 1816 Dickerson - Poplar Springs Unbuilt
Harper's Ferry Turnpike January 27, 1816 Frederick - Harpers Ferry Unbuilt
Baltimore and Rock Run Turnpike
Later Baltimore, Rock Run and Philadelphia Turnpike
January 29, 1816 Baltimore - Rock Run - Pennsylvania (towards New London); several branches to the south Unbuilt
William's-Port and Boonsborough Turnpike January 22, 1817 Boonsboro - Williamsport Unbuilt
Elkton and Susquehanna Bridge Turnpike February 3, 1817 Elkton - Rock Run Unbuilt
Potomac Turnpike February 3, 1817 Oldtown - Cumberland Unbuilt
Conowingo Turnpike February 4, 1817 Conowingo - Pennsylvania (towards New London) Unbuilt
Rock Run and Brick Meeting-House Turnpike February 4, 1817 Port Deposit - Calvert - Delaware Unbuilt
Rockville and William's-Port Turnpike February 3, 1818 Rockville - Crampton's Gap - Williamsport Unbuilt
Rockville and Washington Turnpike February 3, 1818 Rockville - District of Columbia (Rockville and Washington Turnpike) Unbuilt
Williams-Port Turnpike February 14, 1818 Boonsboro - Williamsport - point on the Cumberland Turnpike Unbuilt
Williams-Port and Cumberland Turnpike January 11, 1819 Williamsport - Stone Quarry Ridge Unbuilt
Hager's-Town and Antietam Turnpike February 2, 1819 Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (towards Gettysburg) Unbuilt
Hagers-town and Boonsborough Turnpike February 4, 1819 Hagerstown - Funkstown - Boonsboro Unbuilt
Skipton Turnpike January 22, 1820 Potomac River - Oldtown - Cumberland Unbuilt
Hancock Turnpike February 24, 1823 Hancock - Pennsylvania (towards Bedford) Unbuilt
Hunting Ridge Turnpike February 3, 1825 Unbuilt
Frederick and Harper's Ferry Turnpike February 4, 1825 Frederick - Harpers Ferry Unbuilt
Rockrun Turnpike February 26, 1825 Point on the Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike - Rock Run - Delaware (towards Stanton) Unbuilt
Susquehannah and Elkton Turnpike March 3, 1826 Perryville - Elkton Unbuilt
Conewingo and Wilmington Turnpike March 4, 1828 Conowingo - Delaware (towards Wilmington) Unbuilt
Port Deposit and Columbia Turnpike March 7, 1828 Port Deposit - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Port Deposit and Chesapeake Turnpike March 15, 1828 Port Deposit - Chesapeake City Unbuilt
Frederick and Emmitsburg Turnpike February 19, 1831 Frederick - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania (towards Gettysburg) Unbuilt
Somerset and Cumberland Turnpike March 4, 1833 Pennsylvania (Somerset and Cumberland Turnpike) - Cumberland Unbuilt
Clear Spring and Canal Turnpike March 12, 1834 Clear Spring - Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Unbuilt
Frederick and Smithsburg Turnpike March 13, 1834 Frederick - Smithsburg - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Northern Turnpike March 7, 1835 Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania Unbuilt Originally part of the Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike
Hagerstown and Waynesboro Turnpike April 2, 1836 Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (towards Waynesboro) Unbuilt
Western Trade Turnpike February 10, 1837 Point on the National Road west of Cumberland - point on the Northwestern Turnpike Unbuilt
Cumberland and Bedford Turnpike March 9, 1837 Cumberland - Pennsylvania (towards Bedford) Unbuilt
George's Creek Mining Company's turnpike January 20, 1838 Georges Creek - point on the National Road between Frostburg and Cumberland Unbuilt
North Branch and Cacapon Turnpike March 27, 1839 West Virginia - Cumberland Unbuilt
Mercersville and Antietam Turnpike April 3, 1839 Mercersville - Funkstown Unbuilt
Boonsboro and Ridgeville Turnpike April 5, 1839 Boonsboro - Cavetown - Smithsburg - Blue Mountain - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Jennings' Valley Rail Road and Turnpike March 20, 1840 Frostburg - Locust Grove Unbuilt
Catoctin Valley Turnpike February 27, 1841 Middletown - Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Unbuilt
Maryland and Virginia Turnpike February 27, 1843 Point on the National Road west of Cumberland - point on the Northwestern Turnpike Unbuilt
Frostburg and the Valley of Jenning's Run Turnpike March 3, 1843 Frostburg - Mount Savage Iron Works Unbuilt
Black Rock Turnpike March 9, 1846 Unbuilt
Woodsborough Turnpike March 4, 1847 Ceresville - Woodsboro Unbuilt
Frederick and Smithsburg Road March 2, 1848 Frederick - Leitersburg Unbuilt
Weaverton and Boonsborough Turnpike March 2, 1848 Weverton - Boonsboro Unbuilt
Wills' Creek Turnpike March 9, 1848 Corriganville - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Mechanicstown, Harbaugh's Valley and Pennsylvania Line Turnpike March 10, 1848 Thurmont - Sabillasville - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Savage River Road March 10, 1848 Allegany County Unbuilt
Old Road Turnpike February 22, 1850 Baltimore - Ellicott City Unbuilt
Liberty and Franklin Plank or Turnpike Road
Later Gwinn's Falls Turnpike
February 27, 1850 Unbuilt
Smithsburg and Beaver Creek Turnpike March 6, 1850 Boonsboro - Smithsburg - Blue Mountain - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Kellville and Joppa Cross Roads Turnpike March 7, 1850 Southeast to Joppa Unbuilt
Doughoregan and Montgomery Plank or Turnpike Road March 9, 1850 Point on the Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike - Glenelg - point on the Union Plank or Turnpike Road Unbuilt
Harford Turnpike March 9, 1850 Conowingo - Bel Air Unbuilt
Bloomingdale Turnpike May 15, 1852 Unbuilt
Williamsport and Mercersburg Turnpike May 26, 1852 Williamsport - Pennsylvania (towards Mercersburg) Unbuilt
Frankville Road May 20, 1853 Frankville - Accident - west of Grantsville Unbuilt
Frostburg and Westernport Plank Road May 24, 1853 Frostburg - Westernport Unbuilt
Bel-Air and Hickory Turnpike May 26, 1853 Bel Air - Hickory Unbuilt
Fairview and Funkstown Turnpike May 27, 1853 Northeast of Williamsport - Funkstown Unbuilt
Knoxville and Middletown Road May 27, 1853 Knoxville - Middletown Unbuilt
Hillen Road March 8, 1854 Baltimore - Towson Unbuilt
Hancock and Warfordsburg Turnpike or Plank Road March 10, 1854 Pennsylvania - Hancock Unbuilt
Bel-Air and Lagrange Turnpike March 10, 1854 Bel Air - Lagrange Iron Works Unbuilt
White Hall, Jarrettsville and La Grange Turnpike March 10, 1854 White Hall - Jarrettsville - Lagrange Iron Works Unbuilt
Towsontown Plank Road March 10, 1854 Baltimore - Towson Unbuilt
New Cut Turnpike February 10, 1858 Unbuilt
Bel Air and Frogtown Turnpike March 6, 1858 Bel Air - Frogtown Unbuilt
Westernport and Frostburg Turnpike February 24, 1860 Westernport - Frostburg Unbuilt
Western Avenue February 25, 1860 Baltimore - Catonsville Unbuilt
Carrollton Avenue February 29, 1860 Baltimore - Patapsco Falls Unbuilt
Libertytown and Ridgeville Turnpike March 1, 1860 Libertytown - Unionville - Mount Airy Unbuilt
Uniontown Turnpike March 2, 1860 Uniontown - "the completed terminus of the Westminster and Hagerstown Turnpike" Unbuilt
Rocks of Deer Creek Turnpike March 2, 1860 Rocks of Deer Creek - Little Gunpowder Falls Unbuilt
Howard and Montgomery Turnpike March 6, 1860 South of Ellicott City - Clarksville - Unity Unbuilt
Leitersburg and Ringold Turnpike March 9, 1860 Leitersburg - Ringgold Unbuilt
Woodsborough and Pipe Creek Turnpike January 25, 1864 Woodsboro - Middleburg - Union Bridge Unbuilt
Dulany's Valley and Little Falls Turnpike March 10, 1864 Unbuilt
Magnolia and Stockton Turnpike March 10, 1864 Magnolia - Stockton Unbuilt
Monocacy and Montgomery Turnpike March 23, 1865 Monocacy National Battlefield - Rockville Unbuilt
Union Bridge and Unionville Turnpike
Later Union Bridge Turnpike
February 7, 1866 Union Bridge - Unionville Unbuilt, except for a short section at Union Bridge, sold to the Liberty and Pipe Creek Turnpike in 1872
Crumpton and Long Marsh Turnpike February 8, 1866 Crumpton - Long Marsh Unbuilt
Warren and My Lady's Manor Turnpike February 8, 1866 Unbuilt
Ellicott's Mills and Elysville Turnpike March 5, 1867 Ellicott City - Elysville Unbuilt
Leitersburg and Smithsburg Turnpike March 13, 1867 Leitersburg - Smithsburg Unbuilt
Western Run and Reisterstown Turnpike February 18, 1868 Cockeysville - Reisterstown Unbuilt
Deer Park Turnpike March 3, 1868 Unbuilt
Monrovia and Libertytown Turnpike March 3, 1868 Monrovia - Libertytown Unbuilt
Westminster and Oakland Turnpike March 7, 1868 Westminster - Eldersburg Unbuilt
Wood Point and Broad Fording Turnpike March 30, 1868 Wood Point - Pennsylvania Unbuilt
Prince George's County Central Turnpike March 30, 1868 District of Columbia - Queen Anne Unbuilt
District of Columbia, Upper Marlboro and Hill's Landing Turnpike April 4, 1870 District of Columbia - Forestville - Centreville - Upper Marlboro - Hill's Landing Unbuilt
Westminster and Bird Hill Turnpike April 1, 1872 Westminster - Bird Hill Unbuilt
West Friendship and Linden Turnpike April 11, 1874 West Friendship - Linden Unbuilt
Fallston Turnpike April 11, 1874 White House - Fallston - Magnolia Unbuilt
Uniontown and Linwood Turnpike April 8, 1876 Uniontown - Linwood Unbuilt
Unionville and Union Bridge Turnpike March 20, 1878 Unionville - Union Bridge Unbuilt
Annapolis Road Turnpike April 14, 1880 Baltimore - Annapolis Unbuilt

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maryland State Archives, Session Laws, 1823, p. 18-19
  2. ^ Frederick County Circuit Court, Land Survey, Subdivision, and Condominium Plats, Land Records AF 11, pp. 506-507, Adamstown Turnpike Company, January 4, 1892