List of viceroys of Naples

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This is a list of viceroys of the Kingdom of Naples. Following the conquest of Naples by Louis XII of France in 1501, Naples was subject to the rule of the foreign rulers, the Kings of France, Aragon and Spain and the Habsburg Archdukes of Austria respectively. Commonly staying far from Naples, these rulers governed the Kingdom through a series of viceroys.

Name Reign Notes
French rule (1501–1504)
Louis of Armagnac, Duke of Nemours 1501–1503 Viceroy under King Louis XII of France. Fell in the Battle of Cerignola.
Ludovico II, Marquess of Saluzzo 1503–1504 Viceroy of Naples under King Louis XII of France
Castilian rule (1504–1707)
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba (1453–1515) 1504–1507 Viceroy under King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Juan de Aragón y de Jonqueras, 2nd count of Ribagorza 1507–1509
Antonio de Guevara 1509 Viceroy under King Ferdinand II of Aragon
Ramón de Cardona 1509–1522 Viceroy of Sicily under King Ferdinand II of Aragon, Viceroy of Naples, (1509–1522)
Charles de Lannoy, 1522–1527 Viceroy under King Charles I of Spain.
Hugo of Moncada 1527 – May 1528 Viceroy of Sicily, 1509–1517, under king Ferdinand II of Aragon, Viceroy of Naples, 1527–1528, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Philibert of Châlon 1528–3 August 1530 Viceroy under King Charles I of Spain.
Pompeo Colonna 1530–1532 Viceroy under King Charles I of Spain.
Pedro Álvarez de Toledo 1532–1553 Viceroy under King Charles I of Spain.
Luis Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio February – May 1553 Lieutenant-General under King Charles I of Spain. Succeeded his father Pedro when he retired due to illness.
Pedro Pacheco Ladrón de Guevara 1553–1556 Viceroy under Kings Charles I and Philip II of Spain.
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo 1556–1558 Governor of the Duchy of Milan, 1555–1556, Viceroy of Naples 1556 - 1557 under Philip II of Spain.
Juan Fernandez Manrique de Lara 6 June – 10 October 1558 Viceroy of Catalonia, 1543–1554, under Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Viceroy of Naples, June to October 1558, under King Philip II of Spain.
Pedro Afán de Ribera 1559–1571 Viceroy of Catalonia, 1554–1558, Viceroy of Naples 1559–1571, under King Philip II of Spain.
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle 1571–1575 Viceroy under King Philip II of Spain.
Íñigo López de Mendoza y Mendoza 1575–1579 Viceroy of Valencia, 1572–1575, Viceroy of Naples under King Philip II of Spain.
Juan de Zúñiga y Requesens 1579–1582 Viceroy under King Philip II of Spain.
Pedro Girón, 1st Duke of Osuna 1582–1586 Viceroy of Naples under King Philip II of Spain.
Juan de Zúñiga y Avellaneda 1586–1595 Viceroy under King Philip II of Spain. Also Viceroy of Catalonia, 1583–1586 and 1st duke of Peñaranda de Duero.
Enrique de Guzmán, 2nd Count of Olivares 1595–1598
Fernando Ruiz de Castro Andrade y Portugal 1599–1601 Viceroy under King Philip III of Spain.
Francisco Ruiz de Castro 1601–1603 Viceroy of Naples 1601–1603.
Juan Alonso Pimentel de Herrera, 5th Duke of Benavente 1603–1610 Viceroy of Valencia, 1598–1602, Viceroy of Naples, 1603–1610, under King Philip III of Spain.
Pedro Fernández de Castro Andrade y Portugal 1610–1616 Viceroy under King Philip III of Spain.
Pedro Téllez-Girón, 3rd Duke of Osuna 1616–1620 Viceroy under King Philip III of Spain.
Gaspar de Borja y Velasco June – December 1620 Archbishop of Seville, February 1632 – January 1645, Archbishop of Toledo 1645, Lieutenant-General of Naples under King Philip III of Spain.
Antonio Zapata y Cisneros December 1620 – December 1622 Viceroy of Naples, December 1620 – December 1622, Inquisitor-general of Spain, 1627–1632.
Lieutenant-General under Kings Philip III and Philip IV of Spain
Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Alba 1622–1629 Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1599. Viceroy under King Philip IV of Spain
Fernando Afán de Ribera y Téllez-Girón 1629–1631 Viceroy of Naples, 1629–1631 under King Philip IV of Spain.
Manuel de Acevedo y Zúñiga 1631–1637 Viceroy under King Philip IV of Spain.
Ramiro Núñez de Guzmán 1637–1644 Viceroy under King Philip IV of Spain. He was the son in law, since 1625, of the Spanish PM Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares
Juan Alfonso Enríquez de Cabrera 1644–1646 Viceroy of Sicily, 1641–1644, Viceroy of Naples, May 1644 – 1646, under King Philip IV of Spain
Rodrigo Ponce de León, 4th Duke of Arcos 1646–1648 Viceroy of Valencia, 1642–1645.
Under his rule the "Neapolitan Republic" rebellion by Masaniello broke out
John of Austria January 1648 – March 1648 Viceroy, bastard son of the ruling Spanish King, sent to Naples to crush the Neapolitan Revolt, under King Philip IV of Spain
Íñigo Vélez de Guevara, 8th Count of Oñate 1648–1653 Head of the Imperial Post Office Services, Viceroy of Naples, (1637–1644), under King Philip IV of Spain.
García de Haro-Sotomayor y Guzmán 1654–1659 President of the Council of Italy,[citation needed] Viceroy under King Philip IV of Spain.[citation needed]
Gaspar de Bracamonte, 3rd Count of Peñaranda 1659–1664 Viceroy under King Philip IV of Spain
Pascual Cardinal de Aragon 1664–1666 Viceroy under Kings Philip IV and Charles II of Spain
Pedro Antonio de Aragón 1666–1671 Viceroy under King Charles II of Spain
Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo y Ponce de León 1671–1672 Viceroy of Naples, 1671–1672, Viceroy of Sicily, 1673–1676,
Lieutenant-General under King Charles II of Spain. Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit, France, 1703.
Antonio Pedro Sancho Dávila y Osorio 1672–1675 Viceroy under King Charles II of Spain
Fernando Fajardo y Álvarez de Toledo 1675–1683 Viceroy under King Charles II of Spain
Gaspar Méndez de Haro, 7th Marquis of Carpio 1683–1687 Viceroy under King Charles II of Spain
Francisco de Benavides 1687–1696 Viceroy under King Charles II of Spain
Luis Francisco de la Cerda y Aragón 1696–1702 Viceroy under Kings Charles II of Spain and Philip V of Spain
Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco, 8th Marquis of Villena 1702–1707 Viceroy of Navarre, 1691–1692, Viceroy of Aragón, 1693, Viceroy of Catalonia, 1693–1694, Viceroy of Sicily, 1701–1702,
Viceroy of Naples, 1700–1707, 1st Director of the Royal Spanish Academy, 1713–1725. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 1687.
Viceroy under King Philip V of Spain after around 1701 onwards.
Austrian rule (1707–1734)
Georg Adam von Martinitz July – October 1707 Viceroy under King Joseph I.
Wirich Philipp von Daun 1707–1708
(first time)
1724: Governor of the Austrian Netherlands, formerly Spanish Netherlands, Governor of Milan, 1728–1733.
Viceroy of Naples under King/Emperor Leopold I.
Vincenzo Grimani 1708–1710 Viceroy under King/Emperor Joseph I.
Carlo Borromeo Arese 1710–1713 Viceroy under King/Emperor Joseph I and under King/Emperor Charles VI.
Wirich Philipp von Daun 1713–1719
(second time)
Viceroy under Emperor Charles VI, 2nd time.
Johann Wenzel Count of Gallas July 1719 Viceroy under Emperor Charles VI
Wolfgang Hannibal Count of Schrattenbach 1719–1721 Viceroy under Emperor Charles VI
Marcantonio Borghese, 3rd Prince of Sulmona 1721–1722 Viceroy of Naples under Emperor Charles VI
Michael Friedrich von Althan 1722–1728 Viceroy under Emperor Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. Anti-Austrian rioting breaks out in Naples, 1723.
Joaquín Fernández de Portocarrero July – December 1728 Viceroy of Naples and also Viceroy of Sicily, 1722–1728, under Emperor Charles VI.
Aloys Thomas Raimund Count of Harrach 1728–1733 Viceroy under Emperor Charles VI.
Giulio Visconti Borromeo Arese, conte di Brebbia 1733–1734 In 1707 he had been awarded a Grandee of Spain title, 2nd class, by Philip V of Spain. Viceroy under Emperor Charles VI.

Sources[edit]

  • Giovan Pietro Bellori: The Lives of the Modern Painters, Sculptors and Architects