Province of Caserta

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Province of Caserta
Province
Monti Trebulani
Monti Trebulani
Map highlighting the location of the province of Caserta in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Caserta in Italy
Map of the Province of Caserta
Map of the Province of Caserta
Country  Italy
Region Campania
Capital(s) Caserta
Comuni 104
Government
 • President Domenico Zinzi (UdC)
Area
 • Total 2,639 km2 (1,019 sq mi)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 906,596
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81100 e 81020
Telephone prefix 081, 0823
Vehicle registration CE
ISTAT 061

The Province of Caserta (Italian: Provincia di Caserta) is a province in the Campania region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Caserta, situated about 36 kilometres (22 mi) by road north of Naples.[2] The province has an area of 2,639 square kilometres (1,019 sq mi), and a total population of 906,596 as of 2012. The former royal Palace of Caserta is located near to the city, a former royal residence which constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and one of the largest buildings erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]

History[edit]

Castle in Capua

The province of Caserta, born from the Terra di Lavoro,[4] also known as Liburia, had its greatest extent around the thirteenth century, a period in which included the territory between the Tyrrhenian Sea and the islands of Ponza and Ventotene, the Apennines, and the southern end of the Valle Roveto. In the Kingdom of Naples and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Caserta was one of the most important departments of the south.

The first capital of the region was the ancient city of Capua until 1818, then Caserta.[4] The most important centers that grew up were Caserta, Capua, Nola, Gaeta, Sora, Aversa, Teano, and Isola Liri. In 1816, during the French occupation, Joseph Bonaparte reformed the territorial division of the kingdom of Naples, on the basis of the French model. A series of royal decrees completed the reforms, introducing locally administrative units of comunes like the French ones. The new Napoleonic reforms led to the establishment of the Province of Naples. In 1863, after the annexation of the Kingdom of Italy, the Terra di Lavoro became part of the province of Campobasso,[5] and Venafro and the surrounding area were later transferred to the province of Isernia, established in the 1870s. In 1927, Benito Mussolini decided to dissolve the province of Terra di Lavoro, uniting much of its territory and the Pontine islands to the province of Naples, although municipalities near Piedimonte Alife were distributed between the provinces of Benevento and Campobasso and the district of Sora and Gaeta went to the province of Rome. In 1945, a Law of Decree signed by Umberto di Savoia reconstituted the Province of Caserta, and finally in 1970, the modern province came into being.[5]

Geography[edit]

The territory of Province of Caserta, which lies on the southwestern-central side of Italy, is formed to the north of the Apennines mountain range by the Matese mountains and undulating hills, and to the south and west by plains of various types. To the northeast, near the Matese mountains is the Lago del Matese. The highest point is Monte Miletto (2,050 m),[6] divided between Campania and Molise. The karst massif is rich in water and minerals, and contains many caves and mountain lakes. Other mountainous areas of note include Monte Santa Croce, with the extinct volcano of Roccamonfina, on the border with Lazio, the Trebulani Mountains, in the central-north part of the province with the main peak of Monte Maggiore (1036 m), and the Tifatini Mountains in the south of the province. The Volturno River flows through the centre of the province, and a defensive outpost along the river at Capua was built.[7] The southern highlands of Caserta are on the border with the Province of Benevento.

Comunes[edit]

There are 104 comuni (singular: comune) in the province:[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 41°10′N 14°13′E / 41.167°N 14.217°E / 41.167; 14.217