Lists of state leaders

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This article contains various lists of state leaders, defined as heads of state and/or heads of government. Typically this list includes presidents, prime ministers or monarchs.

10 oldest currently serving state leaders[edit]

People currently serving as head of state, representative of a Head of State, and/or head of government. There are approximately 360 current leaders.

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Shimon Peres (1923-08-02)2 August 1923 90 years, 346 days President of Israel 2007
2 Robert Mugabe (1924-02-21)21 February 1924 90 years, 143 days President of Zimbabwe 1987
3 Abdullah (1924-08-01)1 August 1924 89 years, 347 days King of Saudi Arabia 2005
4 Giorgio Napolitano (1925-06-29)29 June 1925 89 years, 15 days President of Italy 2006
5 Queen Elizabeth II (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 88 years, 84 days Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries 1952
6 Abdul Halim of Kedah (1927-11-28)28 November 1927 86 years, 228 days Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia 2011
7 Bhumibol Adulyadej (1927-12-05)5 December 1927 86 years, 221 days King of Thailand 1946
8 Kim Yong-nam (1928-02-04)4 February 1928 86 years, 160 days Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea 1998
9 Karolos Papoulias (1929-06-04)4 June 1929 85 years, 40 days President of Greece 2005
10 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1929-06-16)16 June 1929 85 years, 28 days Emir of Kuwait 2006

10 oldest ever serving state leaders[edit]

Leaders still serving are highlighted in italicized bold.

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Hastings Banda President of Malawi 1994 (lost election) 96 years, 3 months (? age disputed)
2 Malietoa Tanumafili II Malietoa of Samoa 2007 (death) 94 years, 127 days
3 Leo XIII Pope 1903 (death) 93 years, 141 days
4 Gustaf V King of Sweden 1950 (death) 92 years, 135 days
5 Tôn Đức Thắng President of Vietnam 1980 (death) 91 years, 223 days
6 Cuthbert Sebastian Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis 2013 (retired) 91 years, 72 days
7 William I, German Emperor Emperor of Germany 1888 (death) 90 years, 353 days
8 Shimon Peres President of Israel In office 90 years, 346 days
9 Gustaf VI Adolf King of Sweden 1973 (death) 90 years, 308 days
10 Éamon de Valera President of Ireland 1973 (term ended) 90 years, 253 days

Longest lived state leaders[edit]

The following lists are the top ten all-time state leaders and the top ten living. For Top 100 lists see List of longest-living state leaders and List of the oldest living state leaders.

Top ten ever[edit]

Rank Name Position Birth Death Age
1 Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum Prime Minister of Cambodia (1962) 1905 2009 103 years, 135 days
2 Celâl Bayar Prime Minister of Turkey (1937–1939)
President (1950–1960)
1883 1986 103 years, 98 days
3 Antoine Pinay Prime Minister of France (1952–1953) 1891 1994 102 years, 348 days
4 Kazi Lhendup Dorjee Chief Minister of Sikkim (1974–1975) 1904 2007 102 years, 290 days
5 Higashikuni Naruhiko Prime Minister of Japan (1945) 1887 1990 102 years, 48 days
6 Willem Drees Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) 1886 1988 101 years, 314 days
7 Chang Ch'ün Premier of the Republic of China (1947–1948) 1889 1990 101 years, 209 days
8 Bernardino González Ruíz President of Panama (1963) 1911 2012 101 years, 64 days
9 Christopher Hornsrud Prime Minister of Norway (1928) 1859 1960 101 years, 28 days
10 Hassan al-Hakim Prime Minister of Syria (1941–1942, 1951) 1886 1988 101 years, 1 day to
102 years, 364 days[1]

Top ten living[edit]

Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Piet de Jong Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–1971) (1915-04-03)3 April 1915 99 years, 102 days
2 Gough Whitlam Prime Minister of Australia (1972–1975) (1916-07-11)11 July 1916 98 years, 3 days
3 Đỗ Mười Prime Minister of Vietnam (1988–1991), General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997) (1917-02-02)2 February 1917 97 years, 162 days
4 Kenan Evren President of National Security Council (1980–1982), President of Turkey (1982–1989) (1917-07-17)17 July 1917 96 years, 362 days
5 Émile Derlin Zinsou President of Benin (1968–1969) (1918-03-23)23 March 1918 96 years, 113 days
6 Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister of Japan (1982–1987) (1918-05-27)27 May 1918 96 years, 48 days
7 Konstantinos Mitsotakis Prime Minister of Greece (1990–1993) (1918-10-18)18 October 1918 95 years, 269 days
8 Patricio Aylwin President of Chile (1990–1994) (1918-11-26)26 November 1918 95 years, 230 days
9 Helmut Schmidt Chancellor of Germany (1974–1982) (1918-12-23)23 December 1918 95 years, 203 days
10 Hyun Soong-jong Prime Minister of South Korea (1992–1993) (1919-01-26)26 January 1919 95 years, 169 days

Longest serving state leaders[edit]

All of the state leaders who have reigned for over 50 years have been monarchs, with the exception of Fidel Castro, who was effectively, though not officially, leader of Cuba for 52 years, 93 days.

10 youngest serving state leaders[edit]

There are approximately 360 current leaders.

  1. Kim Jong-un (Supreme Leader of North Korea since 2011), born (1983-01-08) 8 January 1983 (age 31)
  2. Irakli Garibashvili (Prime Minister of Georgia since 2013), born (1982-06-28) 28 June 1982 (age 32)
  3. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Emir of Qatar since 2013), born (1980-06-03) 3 June 1980 (age 34)
  4. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (King of Bhutan since 2006), born (1980-02-21) 21 February 1980 (age 34)
  5. Taavi Rõivas (Prime Minister of Estonia since 2014), born (1979-09-26) 26 September 1979 (age 34)
  6. Atifete Jahjaga (President of Kosovo since 2011), born (1975-04-20) 20 April 1975 (age 39)
  7. Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson (Prime Minister of Iceland since 2013), born (1975-03-12) 12 March 1975 (age 39)
  8. Moussa Mara (Prime Minister of Mali since 2014), born (1975-03-05) 5 March 1975 (age 39)
  9. Matteo Renzi (Prime Minister of Italy since 2014), born (1975-01-11) 11 January 1975 (age 39)
  10. Luca Beccari (Captain Regent of San Marino since 2014), born (1974-10-29) 29 October 1974 (age 39)

10 youngest state leaders (since 1945)[edit]

Age at the time they took office ordered youngest first. For a longer list, see List of youngest state leaders in modern times.

  1. Hussein of Jordan, King of Jordan, 16
  2. Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan, 16
  3. Faisal II, King of Iraq, 18 (began personal reign after a 14-year regency)
  4. Mswati III, King of Swaziland, 18 (began personal reign after a 3-year regency)
  5. Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand, 18
  6. Ntare V, King of Burundi, 18
  7. Jean-Claude Duvalier, President of Haiti, 19
  8. Baudouin I, King of Belgium, 20
  9. Constantine II, King of Greece, 23
  10. Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, King of Bhutan, 24

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The dates of birth and death for al-Hakim are unknown.