Lists of state leaders

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This article contains various lists of state leaders, defined as heads of state and/or heads of government. Typically this list includes presidents, prime ministers or monarchs.

10 oldest currently serving state leaders[edit]

People currently serving as head of state, representative of a Head of State, and/or head of government. There are approximately 360 current leaders.

Leaders for life[edit]

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Queen Elizabeth II (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 88 years, 285 days Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries 1952
2 Bhumibol Adulyadej (1927-12-05)5 December 1927 87 years, 57 days King of Thailand 1946
3 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1929-06-16)16 June 1929 85 years, 229 days Emir of Kuwait 2006
4 Elliott Belgrave (1931-03-16)16 March 1931 83 years, 321 days Governor-General of Barbados 2012
5 Edmund Lawrence (1932-02-14)14 February 1932 82 years, 351 days Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis 2013
6 Marguerite Pindling (1932-06-26)26 June 1932 82 years, 219 days Governor-General of the Bahamas 2014
7 Colville Young (1932-11-20)20 November 1932 82 years, 72 days Governor-General of Belize 1993
8 Akihito (1933-12-23)23 December 1933 81 years, 39 days Emperor of Japan 1989
9 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1935-12-31)31 December 1935 79 years, 31 days King of Saudi Arabia 2015
10 Frederick Ballantyne (1936-07-05)5 July 1936 78 years, 210 days Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2002

Term-bounded leaders[edit]

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Robert Mugabe (1924-02-21)21 February 1924 90 years, 344 days President of Zimbabwe 1987
2 Beji Caid Essebsi (1926-11-29)29 November 1926 88 years, 63 days President of Tunisia 2014
3 Abdul Halim of Kedah (1927-11-28)28 November 1927 87 years, 64 days Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia 2011
4 Kim Yong-nam (1928-02-04)4 February 1928 86 years, 361 days Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea 1998
5 Karolos Papoulias (1929-06-04)4 June 1929 85 years, 241 days President of Greece 2005
6 Anerood Jugnauth (1930-03-29)29 March 1930 84 years, 308 days Prime Minister of Mauritius 2014
7 Raúl Castro (1931-06-03)3 June 1931 83 years, 242 days President of Cuba 2008
8 Paul Biya (1933-02-13)13 February 1933 81 years, 352 days President of Cameroon 1982
9 Artur Rasizade (1935-02-26)26 February 1935 79 years, 339 days Prime Minister of Azerbaijan 2003
10 Mahmoud Abbas (1935-03-26)26 March 1935 79 years, 311 days President of Palestine 2005

10 oldest ever serving state leaders[edit]

Leaders still serving are highlighted in italicized bold.

Leaders for life[edit]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Abdul Momin Sultan of Brunei 1885 (death) 99 years, 5 months (?)[1]
2 Enrico Dandolo Doge of Venice 1205 (death) 97 years, 4 months (?)[2]
3 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1657 (death) 97 years, 47 days
4 Nicolò da Ponte Doge of Venice 1585 (death) 94 years, 196 days
5 Malietoa Tanumafili II Malietoa of Samoa 2007 (death) 94 years, 127 days
6 Leo XIII Pope of the Holy See 1903 (death) 93 years, 140 days
7 Gustaf V King of Sweden 1950 (death) 92 years, 135 days
8 Manuel Pinto de Fonseca Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1773 (death) 91 years, 244 days
9 Cuthbert Sebastian Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis 2013 (retirement) 91 years, 72 days
10 Ludovico I Capitano del popolo of Mantua 1360 (death) 91 years (?)[3]

Term-bonded leaders[edit]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1 Hastings Banda President of Malawi 1994 (lost election) 96 years, 3 months (? age disputed)
2 Tôn Đức Thắng President of Vietnam 1980 (death) 91 years, 223 days
3 Shimon Peres President of Israel 2014 (term ended) 90 years, 356 days
4 Robert Mugabe President of Zimbabwe Incumbent 90 years, 344 days
5 Eamon De Valera President of Ireland 1973 (term ended) 90 years, 253 days
6 Joaquin Balaguer President of the Dominican Republic 1996 (term ended) 89 years, 350 days
7 Giorgio Napolitano President of Italy 2015 (resignation) 89 years, 199 days
8 Luis Alberto Sánchez Prime Minister of Peru 1989 (resignation) 88 years, 353 days
9 Girma Wolde-Giorgis President of Ethiopia 2013 (term ended) 88 years, 303 days
10 Sandro Pertini President of Italy 1985 (term ended) 88 years, 277 days

Longest lived state leaders[edit]

The following lists are the top ten all-time state leaders and the top ten living. For Top 100 lists see List of longest-living state leaders and List of the oldest living state leaders.

Top ten ever[edit]

Rank Name Position Birth Death Age
1 Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum Prime Minister of Cambodia (1962) 1905 2009 103 years, 135 days
2 Celâl Bayar Prime Minister of Turkey (1937–1939)
President (1950–1960)
1883 1986 103 years, 98 days
3 Antoine Pinay Prime Minister of France (1952–1953) 1891 1994 102 years, 348 days
4 Kazi Lhendup Dorjee Chief Minister of Sikkim (1974–1975) 1904 2007 102 years, 290 days
5 Telmo Vargas Head of state of Ecuador (1966) 1912 Living 102 years, 114 days
6 Higashikuni Naruhiko Prime Minister of Japan (1945) 1887 1990 102 years, 48 days
7 Willem Drees Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) 1886 1988 101 years, 314 days
8 Chang Ch'ün Premier of the Republic of China (1947–1948) 1889 1990 101 years, 209 days
9 Bernardino González Ruíz President of Panama (1963) 1911 2012 101 years, 64 days
10 Christopher Hornsrud Prime Minister of Norway (1928) 1859 1960 101 years, 28 days

Top ten living[edit]

Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Telmo Vargas Head of state of Ecuador (1966) (1912-10-09)9 October 1912 102 years, 114 days
2 Piet de Jong Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–1971) (1915-04-03)3 April 1915 99 years, 303 days
3 Đỗ Mười Prime Minister of Vietnam (1988–1991), General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997) (1917-02-02)2 February 1917 97 years, 363 days
4 Kenan Evren President of National Security Council (1980–1982), President of Turkey (1982–1989) (1917-07-17)17 July 1917 97 years, 198 days
5 Émile Derlin Zinsou President of Benin (1968–1969) (1918-03-23)23 March 1918 96 years, 314 days
6 Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister of Japan (1982–1987) (1918-05-27)27 May 1918 96 years, 249 days
7 Konstantinos Mitsotakis Prime Minister of Greece (1990–1993) (1918-10-18)18 October 1918 96 years, 105 days
8 Patricio Aylwin President of Chile (1990–1994) (1918-11-26)26 November 1918 96 years, 66 days
9 Helmut Schmidt Chancellor of Germany (1974–1982) (1918-12-23)23 December 1918 96 years, 39 days
10 Hyun Soong-jong Prime Minister of South Korea (1992–1993) (1919-01-26)26 January 1919 96 years, 5 days

Longest serving state leaders[edit]

All of the state leaders who have reigned for over 50 years have been monarchs, with the exception of Fidel Castro, who was effectively, though not officially, leader of Cuba for 52 years, 93 days.

10 youngest serving state leaders[edit]

There are approximately 360 current leaders.

  1. Kim Jong-un (Supreme Leader of North Korea since 2011), born (1983-01-08) 8 January 1983 (age 32)
  2. Irakli Garibashvili (Prime Minister of Georgia since 2013), born (1982-06-28) 28 June 1982 (age 32)
  3. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Emir of Qatar since 2013), born (1980-06-03) 3 June 1980 (age 34)
  4. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (King of Bhutan since 2006), born (1980-02-21) 21 February 1980 (age 34)
  5. Taavi Rõivas (Prime Minister of Estonia since 2014), born (1979-09-26) 26 September 1979 (age 35)
  6. Charles Michel (Prime Minister of Belgium since 2014), born (1975-12-21) 21 December 1975 (age 39)
  7. Atifete Jahjaga (President of Kosovo since 2011), born (1975-04-20) 20 April 1975 (age 39)
  8. Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson (Prime Minister of Iceland since 2013), born (1975-03-12) 12 March 1975 (age 39)
  9. Matteo Renzi (Prime Minister of Italy since 2014), born (1975-01-11) 11 January 1975 (age 40)
  10. Alexis Tsipras (Prime Minister of Greece since 2015), born (1974-07-28) 28 July 1974 (age 40)

10 youngest state leaders (since 1945)[edit]

Age at the time they took office ordered youngest first. For a longer list, see List of youngest state leaders in modern times.

  1. Hussein of Jordan, King of Jordan, 16
  2. Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan, 16
  3. Faisal II, King of Iraq, 18 (began personal reign after a 14-year regency)
  4. Mswati III, King of Swaziland, 18 (began personal reign after a 3-year regency)
  5. Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand, 18
  6. Ntare V, King of Burundi, 18
  7. Jean-Claude Duvalier, President of Haiti, 19
  8. Baudouin I, King of Belgium, 20
  9. Constantine II, King of Greece, 23
  10. Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, King of Bhutan, 24

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Born in 1785, date unknown; died on May 30, 1885
  2. ^ Born in 1107, date unknown; died in May 1205.
  3. ^ Born in 1268, date unknown; died on 18 January 1360