Little Willie John

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Little Willie John
Little Willie John.jpg
Little Willie John circa 1955
Background information
Birth name William Edward John
Born (1937-11-15)November 15, 1937
Cullendale, Arkansas
Origin Detroit, Michigan, United States
Died May 26, 1968(1968-05-26) (aged 30)
Walla Walla, Washington
Genres Rhythm and blues, rock and roll, soul, doo-wop
Occupation(s) Singer, songwriter
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1955–1966
Labels King Records

William Edward John (November 15, 1937 - May 26, 1968),[1] better known by his stage name Little Willie John (sometimes abbreviated LWJ), was an American R&B singer who performed in the 1950s and early 1960s. He is best known for his popular music chart successes with songs such as, "All Around the World" (1955), "Need Your Love So Bad" (1956) and "Fever" the same year, the latter covered in 1958 by Peggy Lee.[2] An important figure in early R&B music, Little Willie John was a 1996 Inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Cullendale, Arkansas, one of ten children; many sources erroneously give his middle name as Edgar.[3] His family moved to Detroit, Michigan when he was four, so that his father could pursue factory work. In the late 1940s, the eldest children, including Willie, formed a gospel singing group, and Willie also performed in talent shows, which brought him to the notice of Johnny Otis and, later, musician and producer Henry Glover. After seeing him sing with the Paul "Hucklebuck" Williams orchestra, Glover signed him to a recording contract with King Records in 1955. He was nicknamed "Little Willie" John for his short stature.[4]

His first recording, a version of Titus Turner's "All Around the World", was a hit, reaching # 5 on the Billboard R&B chart. He followed up with a string of R&B hits, including the original version of "Need Your Love So Bad", written by his elder brother Mertis John Jr. One of his biggest hits, "Fever" (1956) (Pop #24), was more famously covered by Peggy Lee in 1958. However, John's version alone sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[5] Another song, "Talk to Me, Talk to Me" recorded in 1958, reached #5 in the R&B chart and #20 in the Pop chart, and also sold over one million.[6][7] A few years later it was a hit once again by Sunny & the Sunglows. He also recorded "I'm Shakin'" by Rudy Toombs,[8] "Suffering With The Blues", and "Sleep" (1960) (Pop #13).[6] In all, John made the Billboard Hot 100 a total of fourteen times. A cover version of "Need Your Love So Bad" by Fleetwood Mac was also a hit in Europe. Another of his songs to be covered was "Leave My Kitten Alone", (1959). The Beatles recorded a version in 1964, intended for their Beatles for Sale album, but it went unreleased until 1995.

Willie John was known for his short temper and propensity to abuse alcohol, and was dropped by his record company in 1963.[4] In 1966, he was convicted of manslaughter and sent to Washington State Penitentiary for a fatal knifing incident following a show in Seattle. He appealed his conviction and was released while the case was reconsidered, during which time he recorded what was intended to be his comeback album, but owing to contractual wrangling and the decline of his appeal, it was not released until 2008 (as Nineteen Sixty Six).[9] Little Willie John died in 1968 at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington. Despite counter claims (Rolling Stone had reported that the death occurred after John checked into the prison hospital with pneumonia[10]), the official cause of death was listed in his death certificate as a heart attack.[3]

His interment was in Warren, Michigan's Detroit Memorial Park East.

Little Willie John was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.

He was the brother of singer Mable John, who recorded for Motown and Stax, as well as being a member of Ray Charles' Raeletts. His son Keith John is a backing vocalist for Stevie Wonder.[8]

James Brown, who early in his career had opened shows for John, recorded a tribute album, Thinking about Little Willie John... and a Few Nice Things.

Robbie Robertson, former lead guitarist for The Band, referenced John in a song on his 1987 self-titled album titled "Somewhere Down the Crazy River." He was also referenced in Tom Russell's "Blue Wing."

A biography, Fever: Little Willie John; A Fast Life, Mysterious Death and the Birth of Soul, written by Susan Whitall with Kevin John (another son of Little Willie John) was released in 2011 by Titan Books.

Single discography[edit]

Year Title Label &
Cat. No.
U.S. R&B[11] U.S. Pop[12]
1955 "All Around the World" King 4818
5
-
1956 "Need Your Love So Bad" / "Home at Last" King 4841
5 / 6
-
1956 "Fever" / "Letter from My Darling" King 4935
1 / 10
24 / -
1956 "Do Something for Me" King 4960
15
-
1958 "Talk to Me, Talk to Me" King 5108
5
20
1958 "You're a Sweetheart" King 5142
14
66
1958 "Tell It Like It Is" King 5147
12
-
1959 "Leave My Kitten Alone" King 5219
13
60
1959 "Let Them Talk" King 5274
11
100
1960 "A Cottage for Sale" King 5342
-
63
1960 "Heartbreak (It's Hurtin' Me)" King 5356
11
38
1960 "Sleep" King 5394
10
13
1961 "Walk Slow" King 5428
21
48
1961 "Leave My Kitten Alone" (reissue) King 5452
-
60
1961 "The Very Thought of You" King 5458
-
61
1961 "Flamingo" / "(I've Got) Spring Fever" King 5503
17 / 25
- / 71
1961 "Take My Love (I Want to Give It All to You)" / "Now You Know" King 5516
5 / -
87 / 93

References[edit]

  1. ^ BMI records for Little Willie John
  2. ^ Fox, Ted (1983). Showtime at the Apollo. Da Capo. pp. 198–200. ISBN 9780030605338. 
  3. ^ a b Thedeadrockstarsclub.com- accessed March 2010
  4. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Arkansas
  5. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 83. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  6. ^ a b "Allmusic ((( Little Willie John > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))". 
  7. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 103. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  8. ^ a b "Biography for Rudy Toombs". IMBD. Retrieved 2006-11-01. 
  9. ^ Clarke, John (2008) "Little Willie John - Nineteen Sixty Six", The Times, November 22, 2008
  10. ^ Rolling Stone, No. 13, "Little Willie John Dies in Prison", July 6, 1968
  11. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. p. 228. ISBN 0-89820-115-2. 
  12. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 362. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.