|Classification and external resources|
Livedoid vasculopathy (also known as "Livedoid vasculitis," "Atrophie blanche," "Livedo reticularis with summer ulceration," "Painful purpuric ulcers with reticular pattern of the lower extremities syndrome" (PURPLE syndrome), and "Segmental hyalinizing vasculitis":818) is a chronic cutaneous disease seen predominantly in young to middle-aged women, and can be divided into a primary or idiopathic form, and a secondary form, which has been associated with a number of diseases, including chronic venous hypertension and varicosities.:343
- James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
- Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0.
- Maessen-Visch MB, Koedam MI, Hamulyák K, Neumann HA (March 1999). "Atrophie blanche". Int. J. Dermatol. 38 (3): 161–72. doi:10.1046/j.1365-4362.1999.00581.x. PMID 10208608.