Ljubija (town)

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Ljubija
Town
Ljubija is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ljubija
Ljubija
Coordinates: 44°55′N 16°37′E / 44.917°N 16.617°E / 44.917; 16.617
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Municipality Prijedor
Population (1991)
 • Total 3,945
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Ljubija (Serbian Cyrillic: Љубија), is a small town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the Bosanska Krajina region in northwest part of the country. Administratively it belongs to the Prijedor municipality.

History[edit]

In the 19th century Ljubija developed into one of the most important locations for the country's economy due to its iron ore deposits. After World War II Ljubija became one of the largest iron mines in the world which employed more than 5,000 people at any one time. Until 1965 it was governed as a separate municipality, before it was merged with Prijedor.

Bosnian War[edit]

On 24–25 July 1992, the Fifth Kozara Brigade and Sixth Krajina Brigade of the Army of Republika Srpska and local Serb paramilitaries, totaling at 3,000, attacked Ljubija and killed 73 Bosnian Croat civilians.[1] Non-Serb workers at the Ljubija mine were dismissed explicitly because of their ethnicity.[2] The mine is believed to have been used as an execution site and to be a mass grave holding the bodies of as many 8,000 Bosniaks and Croats.[3][4]


Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 44°55′N 16°37′E / 44.917°N 16.617°E / 44.917; 16.617