# Logarithmically concave measure

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In mathematics, a Borel measure μ on n-dimensional Euclidean space Rn is called logarithmically concave (or log-concave for short) if, for any compact subsets A and B of Rn and 0 < λ < 1, one has

$\mu(\lambda A + (1-\lambda) B) \geq \mu(A)^\lambda \mu(B)^{1-\lambda},$

where λ A + (1 − λB denotes the Minkowski sum of λ A and (1 − λB.[1]

## Examples

The Brunn–Minkowski inequality asserts that the Lebesgue measure is log-concave. The restriction of the Lebesgue measure to any convex set is also log-concave.

By a theorem of Borell,[2] a measure is log-concave if and only if it has a density with respect to the Lebesgue measure on some affine hyperplane, and this density is a logarithmically concave function. Thus, any Gaussian measure is log-concave.

The Prékopa–Leindler inequality shows that a convolution of log-concave measures is log-concave.

## References

1. ^ Prékopa, A. (1980). "Logarithmic concave measures and related topics". Stochastic programming (Proc. Internat. Conf., Univ. Oxford, Oxford, 1974). London-New York: Academic Press. pp. 63–82. MR 0592596.
2. ^ Borell, C. (1975). "Convex set functions in d-space". Period. Math. Hungar. 6 (2): 111–136. doi:10.1007/BF02018814. MR 0404559.