Longford, Tasmania

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Longford
Tasmania
LongfordTasmaniaWellingtonStreet.jpg
Wellington Street, Longford looking south
Longford is located in Tasmania
Longford
Longford
Coordinates 41°35′45.05″S 147°7′18.52″E / 41.5958472°S 147.1218111°E / -41.5958472; 147.1218111Coordinates: 41°35′45.05″S 147°7′18.52″E / 41.5958472°S 147.1218111°E / -41.5958472; 147.1218111
Population 4,266 (2006)[1]
Established 1813
Postcode(s) 7301
Location
LGA(s) Northern Midlands Council
State electorate(s) Lyons
Federal Division(s) Lyons
Street map of Longford

Longford is a town in the north-east of Tasmania, Australia. It lies 145 m above sea level at the convergence of the Macquarie River and the South Esk River,[2] 21 km south of Launceston and a 15 minute drive from the airport. It is just south of the Illawarra Road, a road connecting the Bass and Midland Highways. It has a population of 4,266 (2006 census)[1] and is part of the Northern Midlands Council area. The region is predominantly agricultural, noted for wool, dairy produce and stock breeding.

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

Before European settlement, the area was used by the Panninher band of Tasmanian Aborigines.[3] Then in 1806 the first Europeans, Jacob Mountgarrett and Ensign Hugh Piper, passed through the area, and in the following year Lieutenant Thomas Laycock camped near the current site of the town[4] during his overland journey from Launceston to Hobart.

Settlers started to arrive in 1807 as farmers were moved from Norfolk Island to Van Diemen's Land (the original name used by Europeans for Tasmania). Governor Macquarie granted land rights to the settlers, who originally called the area Norfolk Plains. The town, originally called Latour, grew up around the Longford Hotel which was built in 1827 by Newman Williatt, and in 1833 the town was renamed Longford.[4]

Settlers used free convict labour to build some fine houses and estates.[3]

Prominent among the early settlers, the Archer family built a number of grand houses and estates in the area.[3] Thomas Archer emigrated from England to Australia in 1811, and retired from government service in 1821 to develop his 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) estate. By 1825 he held 6,000 acres (24 km2) in the area and his success persuaded first his brother Joseph, then his brothers Willam and Edward and their father, to join him.

Together they farmed and developed the land, and built a number of homesteads which are among the finest in northern Tasmania: Woolmers Estate, Brickendon Estate (both on the Australian National Heritage List), Panshanger, Northbury, Fairfield, Cheshunt, Woodside, Palmerston and Saundridge.[5] Six generations of Archers have lived in Woolmers, from 1817 to 1994; it is now owned by the Woolmers Foundation Inc and is open to the public.[6]

Norfolk Plains Post Office opened on 1 June 1832 and was renamed Longford in 1856.[7]

Adjacent to a 21st-century recreation ground is the remains of a dam. This dam, known as the Longford Mill Dam, was built in the 1840s by John Badcock to power a flour Mill at nearby Newry.[8]

Historic buildings[edit]

Woolmers, near Longford
Panshanger, near Longford
Heritage Corner, from the early 1830s
Brown's Big Store, 1889

Longford district has many buildings included on the Tasmanian Heritage Register. Many significant historic buildings were constructed between 1830 and 1850, including:

  • Christ Church (1839), sandstone, with square tower, lancet windows and buttresses, in the Old Colonial Gothick Picturesque style. The church clock and bell were both gifts from King George IV.[4] The cemetery includes many prominent local families including the Archer, Brumby and Reiby families.[9]
  • Queen’s Arms Hotel (1835), a double-storey brick and stuccoed building in the Old Colonial Georgian style
  • Blenheim Hotel (1846), a two-storey Georgian brick and stuccoed building and a major townscape element in Longford
  • Tattersalls Hotel (now Longford Library) (c. 1846), a two-storey red brick corner building with neo-classic moulded surrounds to doorways
  • Racecourse Hotel (former), a two-storey brick Georgian inn, originally built to become the railway station; has also been a private hospital[4]

Facilities[edit]

Longford has a Service Tasmania shop, supermarkets, a bakery, a butcher’s shop, two banks, a Post Office, antique shops, hotels, cafés, take-aways, hairdressers and service stations.[10] A kindergarten and large primary school provide education for younger children; secondary students travel to the District High School in Cressy or to one of the schools in Launceston.[11]

The town has a sports centre and a bowls club. Two local bus companies provide transport to school and to Launceston. Longford public library is part of the State Library of Tasmania's statewide public library network and is open every weekday.[12]

Healthcare is provided by local doctors and dentists. Toosey Memorial Hospital provided private healthcare from the 1920s and became a public hospital in 1950. However, in 1990 it became a residential care centre for elderly people,[13] and the nearest hospital is now in Launceston.

Employment[edit]

In the 2006 Census, the most common industries of employment for Longford residents were:[1]

  • 7.2% – Sheep, Beef Cattle and Grain Farming
  • 4.5% – School Education
  • 3.5% – Meat and Meat Product Manufacturing
  • 2.9% – Residential Care Services
  • 2.5% – Road Freight Transport

Local businesses[edit]

Swift Australia (Southern) Pty Limited runs Longford abattoir, and is one of the state’s largest regional employers.[14] The plant processes 450 beef and 1500 smallstock per day and employs 460. Tasmania is the only Australian state that has banned the use of Hormonal Growth Promotants (HGPs) in cattle, so the plant guarantees its products are free of HGP.[15]

Selborne Biological Services runs a biotechnology manufacturing facility in Longford, producing bovine serum and other blood products such as polyclonal antisera and protein fractions, destined for the biotech, pharmaceutical, veterinary, and diagnostics industries. They take advantage of the fact that Tasmania is free of BSE and scrapie.[16]

Koppers Inc has a wood treatment plant in Longford. The company produces treated wood poles, piling timbers and other timber for outdoor use.[17]

Other local employers include Longford Brickworks, an Agricultural Machinery business called Agline, Longford Sawmill, and service industry jobs. Many people commute to work in Launceston.

Recreation[edit]

Racecourse[edit]

The Longford Racecourse is the oldest continuously operating racecourse in Australia.[2] Longford is home to many horse studs and training facilities, and the Longford races are held annually on New Year’s Day, with thoroughbred horse racing and the Elders Webster Longford Cup.[18]

Longford Show[edit]

The annual Longford Show was first held in 1858 and is one of the longest running rural shows in Australia.[19] Held in October, it attracts between 7000 and 8000 people. It includes equestrian events, poultry and dog shows, chopping and tree felling, sheep and fleeces, rides and games, as well as displays of artwork from local schools.[20]

Australian Grand Prix[edit]

From 1953 to 1968, two Australian Grand Prix, several Tasman Cup races and touring car and motorcycle championship were organized on the 4.5 miles (7.2 km) Longford Circuit.[21]

Longford Golf Club[edit]

Longford has a popular golf course south of the town, with eleven holes, seven of which have alternate tees.[22]

Woodstock Lagoon Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

Woodstock Lagoon Wildlife Sanctuary is a natural wetland area which is a nesting and breeding sanctuary for waterfowl. Its total area is around 160 ha.[4] Jointly owned by Dr Tatiana Petrovsky and brothers Bill and Jamie Cox, the area is now permanently protected under Conservation Covenant under the Protected Areas on Private Land program. Not only are waterfowl and swans provided with a habitat, but numerous other species, including endangered species like the green and gold frog, are thriving there.[23]

Notable residents[edit]

Born in Longford[edit]

Died in Longford[edit]

  • Tom Roberts, the Australian impressionist artist, is buried at the bluestone Anglican Church on the Illawarra Road[2][24]
  • Catherine Keane (born 19 April 1832 in Castlebar, County Mayo, Ireland), arrived in Van Diemen's Land in 1849. Died in Longford, 1925. Believed to be the last remaining Tasmanian convict of the transportation era at the time of her death.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Longford (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b c "Townships and Areas". Northern Midlands Council. 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  3. ^ a b c "Longford". Discover Tasmania. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Longford". The Age Company Ltd. 2004-02-08. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  5. ^ G. T. Stilwell (2006). "Archer, Thomas (1790 - 1850)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  6. ^ "The Archer Family". Woolmers Estate. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  8. ^ Scott, E.G. (1985). Hagley (A Short history of the early days of the Village and district with notes on the pioneer families). Launceston: Birchalls. p. 67. ISBN 0-949-457-05-1. 
  9. ^ "Christ Church and Cemetery (listing TAS5174)". Australia Heritage Places Inventory. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  10. ^ "Longford and its surrounds". Longford Online Access Centre. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  11. ^ Peter Jerrim (2007-01-17). "Anglican Parish of Longford-Perth" (pdf). Anglican Church of Australia Missionary Diocese of Tasmania. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  12. ^ "Longford Library". State Library of Tasmania. 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  13. ^ "Toosey Memorial Hospital". Archives Office of Tasmania. 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Plan2 – Planning Scheme Amendment 01/09 & Development Application P09-006, 20 Union Street Longford". Northern Midlands Council. 2009. p. 198. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  15. ^ "Our Plants – Longford". Swift & Company. 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  16. ^ "About Selborne Biological Services". Selborne Biological Services. 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Our Business". Koppers. 2007. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  18. ^ "Elders Longford Cup". Australian Explorer. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  19. ^ George Main (Curator, National Museum of Australia) (2008-10-18). "Longford, TAS". flickr. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  20. ^ "Longford Show". Australian Explorer. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  21. ^ Spirit of Longford : Circuit History
  22. ^ "Longford Golf Club". Ausgolf. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  23. ^ Pip Courtney (2005-09-25). "Tasmanian Covenant". landline. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  24. ^ ^ Peter Jerrim (2007-01-17). "Anglican Parish of Longford-Perth" (pdf). Anglican Church of Australia Missionary Diocese of Tasmania. http://www.anglicantas.org.au/index.php?item=file&target=longford_perth_parish_profile. Retrieved 2009-12-27.