Low Bergish

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Low Bergish is the rightmost, or eastern part of the Limburgish group which is crossing the river Rhine on this map

Low Bergish, or Western Bergish, is a group of local languages of the Bergisches Land Region east of the Rhine in West Germany. It is part of the Limburgish language group, which extends far beyond the rivers Rhine and Maas into the Netherlands and Belgium. They are also part of the East Limburgish group, that is, the varieties of Limbugish spoken in Germany. They combine Low Franconian properties with some Ripuarian properties and are seen as the transitory dialects between them in the dialect continuum of Dutch and German.

Low Bergish neighbors in the east to East Bergish, a variety of Cleverlands between Limburgish language and Westphalian. In the south of Low Bergish is the Benrath line, border to the Ripuarian variety Upper Bergish or East Ripuarian.

Low Bergish is also seen as parts of Meuse-Rhenish, which names a somewhat larger number of dialects. than the three groups having names with Bergish.

As opposed to linguists, laymen usually call their local Low Bergisch variety simply Bergish or Platt; they do not distinguish between the dialect groups, when talking about local languages. People from outside the Rhineland often make even less distinctions and use the term Rhinelandic for the varnacular of an even larger region than Meuse-Rhenish.

History[edit]

The Low Bergish dialects were called only "Bergish" by early dialect geographers of Germany of the 19th century.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See also: Georg Wenker: Das rheinische Platt, 1877, which had been written down few decades earlier.

Literature[edit]

  • Georg Wenker: Das rheinische Platt. 1877.
  • Georg Wenker: Das rheinische Platt, (Sammlung deutsche Dialektgeographie Heft 8), Marburg, 1915.
  • Georg Cornelissen, Peter Honnen, Fritz Langensiepen (editor): Das rheinische Platt. Eine Bestandsaufnahme. Handbuch der rheinischen Mundarten Teil 1: Texte. Rheinland-Verlag, Köln. 1989. ISBN 3-7927-0689-X
  • Bruno Buchrücker: Wörterbuch der Elberfelder Mundart nebst Abriß der Formenlehre und Sprachproben. [Wuppertal-] Elberfeld, 1910.
  • F. W. Oligschläger: Wörterbuch der Solinger Volkssprache
  • Rudolf Picard: Solinger Sprachschatz, Wörterbuch und sprachwissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Solinger Mundart, Duisburg, 1974.
  • Gustav Hermann Halbach: Bergischer Sprachschatz - Volkskundliches plattdeutsches Remscheider Wörterbuch. Remscheid 1951
  • August Diesdrichs: Beitrag zu einem Wörterbuch der Remscheider Mundart. Remscheid, 1910.
  • Heinrich Spohr: Das Düsseldorfer Rheinisch, Grupello Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2006, ISBN 3-89978-058-2
  • Hans Müller-Schlösser: Wie der Düsseldofer denkt und spricht, Düsseldorf, 1952.
  • Heinrich Karl Ständer: Wie säht m'r dit un dat op Düsseldorfer Platt?, Düsseldorf.
  • Engels, Heinz: Ons Platt - schwazz op wiss: Ein Lehr- und Wörterbuch der Düsseldorfer Mundart ..., Droste Verlag, 1996
  • Hanns Nüsser: Düsseldorfer "Platt" "Mer schrieve wie mer spreche" Protokoll einer Sprache. Herausgeber: Mundartfrenude Düsseldorf 1969 e.V. - Gemeinnütziger Verein. Düsseldorf, 1979.