Lucien Pissarro

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Lucien Pissarro
Painting of Lucien Pissarro
Lucien Pissarro Reading, by J.B. Manson c.1913
Born 20 February 1863
Paris
Died 10 July 1944
Somerset
Spouse Esther Levi Bensusan
Nationality French
Field Landscape painting
Movement Impressionism
Neo-Impressionism

Lucien Pissarro (20 February 1863 – 10 July 1944) was a landscape painter, printmaker, wood engraver and designer and printer of fine books. His landscape paintings employ techniques of Impressionism and Neo-Impressionism, but he also exhibited with Les XX. Apart from his landscapes he painted a few still lifes and family portraits. Until 1890 he worked in France, but thereafter was based in Britain.

Biography[edit]

Pissarro was born on 20 February 1863 in Paris.[1] He was the oldest of seven children of the Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro and his wife Julie (née Vellay).[1] He studied with his father, and was influenced by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac.

In 1886 he exhibited at the last of the Impressionist exhibitions.[1] From 1886 to 1894 he exhibited with the Salon des Independents.

Lucien Pissarro's house, Stamford Brook, London, with GLC blue plaque "Lucien Pissarro 1863-1944 Painter, Printer, Wood Engraver lived here"

He first visited Britain in 1870-1 during the Franco-Prussian War. He returned in 1883-4, and in 1890 settled permanently in London.[1] On 10 August 1892 he married Esther Levi Bensusan in Richmond.[1] On 8 October 1893 she gave birth to their only child, a daughter, Orovida Camille Pissarro, who also became an artist.[1] He met Charles Ricketts and Charles Shannon, and contributed woodcuts to their Dial. In 1894 he founded the Eragny Press[2] and with his wife printed illustrated books until 1914. In 1897 he moved to 62 Bath Road in Chiswick.[1] In 1903 he designed the typeface Brook Type.[3]

Pissarro associated with Walter Sickert in Fitzroy Street, and in 1906 became a member of the New English Art Club. From 1913 to 1919 he painted landscapes of Dorset, Westmorland, Devon, Essex, Surrey and Sussex.

In 1916 Pissarro became a British citizen. While in Britain he was one of the founders of the Camden Town Group of artists. In 1919,[4] he formed the Monarro Group with J.B. Manson as the London Secretary and Théo van Rysselberghe as the Paris secretary, aiming to show artists inspired by Impressionist painters, Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro. The group ceased three years later.[5]

From 1922 to 1937 he painted regularly in the south of France, interspersed with painting expeditions to Derbyshire, south Wales and Essex. From 1934 to 1944 he exhibited at the Royal Academy in London. He died on 10 July 1944, in Hewood, Somerset.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Lucien Pissarro 1863-1944". Tate. February 2011. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  2. ^ Guide to the Eragny Press records, 1920-1923 at The Bancroft Library
  3. ^ Jaspert, W. Pincus, W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson. The Encyclopedia of Type Faces. Blandford Press Lts.: 1953, 1983, ISBN 0-7137-1347-X, p. 31
  4. ^ Buckman, David (2006), Dictionary of Artists in Britain since 1945 Volume 2, p. 1056. Art Dictionaries Ltd, Bristol. ISBN 0-9532609-5-X
  5. ^ "James Bolivar Manson", Tate collection online, material from Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, II. Retrieved 18 December 2007.

Further reading[edit]

  • Arts Council, Lucien Pissarro 1863-1944 a centenary exhibition (1963)
  • Bensusan-Butt, J. Recollections of Lucien Pissarro in his seventies (1977)
  • Bidwell, J. MacGregor, M. (eds), Pastorale, wood engravings by Lucien Pissarro, (2011. Whittington Press)
  • Canterbury City Council Museums, Lucien Pissarro his influence on English art 1890-1914 (1986)
  • Fine Art Society, Drawings, watercolours, oil paintings, woodcuts and etchings by Lucien Pissarro 1863-1944 (2003)
  • Genz, M. D. A History of the Eragny Press 1894-1914 (2004)
  • Jenkins, D. F. and Bonett, H. Lucien Pissarro 1863–1944, February 2011, in Helena Bonett, Ysanne Holt, Jennifer Mundy (eds.), The Camden Town Group in Context, Tate (2012)
  • Meadmore, W. S. Lucien Pissarro un coeur simple (1962)
  • Pissarro, C. Camille Pissarro, Lettres à son fils Lucien, ed. J. Rewald (Editions Albin Michel, Paris 1950) [English translation: 'Camille Pissarro, Letters to his son Lucien']
  • Pissarro, C. Correspondance de Camille Pissarro, ed. J. Bailly-Herzberg (5 vols., Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1980 & Editions du Valhermeil, Paris, 1986–1991) ISBN 2-13-036694-5 - ISBN 2-905684-05-4 - ISBN 2-905684-09-7 - ISBN 2-905684-17-8 - ISBN 2-905684-35-6
  • Pissarro, L. The letters of Lucien to Camille Pissarro 1883-1903, ed. A. Thorold (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York & Oakleigh, 1993) ISBN 0-521-39034-6
  • Reed, N. Pissarro in West London (Lilburne Press 1997) ISBN 1 901167 02 X
  • Reed, N. Pissarro in Essex (Lilburne Press 1992) ISBN 0 9515258 4 0
  • Thorold, A. A Catalogue of the oil paintings of Lucien Pissarro (1983)
  • Urbanelli, L. The wood engravings of Lucien Pissarro ... (1994)
  • Whiteley, J. (ed). Ashmolean Museum, Lucien Pissarro in England: the Eragny Press 1895-1914, (2011)

External links[edit]