Jigme Thinley

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Jigme Thinley
Prime Minister of Bhutan
In office
9 April 2008 – 30 July 2013
Monarch Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Preceded by Kinzang Dorji
Succeeded by Tshering Tobgay
In office
30 August 2003 – 18 August 2004
Monarch Jigme Singye Wangchuck
Preceded by Khandu Wangchuk
Succeeded by Jigme Thinley
In office
20 July 1998 – 9 July 1999
Monarch Jigme Singye Wangchuck
Preceded by Jigme Palden Dorji
Succeeded by Sangay Ngedup
Personal details
Born (1952-09-09) 9 September 1952 (age 61)
Bumthang, Bhutan
Political party Independent (Before 2007)
Peace and Prosperity Party (2007–present)
Alma mater Pennsylvania State University, University Park

Lyonchen Jigme Yoser Thinley (Dzongkha: འཇིགས་མེད་འོད་ཟེར་འཕྲིན་ལས་; Wylie: 'Jigs-med 'Od-zer 'Phrin-las) (born 9 September 1952)[1] has been the Prime Minister of Bhutan from April 2008 to July 2013.[1][2] "Lyonchen" is a title, meaning "prime minister".[3]

Biography[edit]

Thinley was born in Bumthang and joined the civil service in 1976[4] upon receiving a graduate degree from The Pennsylvania State University.[5] In February 1987, Thinley was awarded the title of Dasho and the Red Scarf, and in 1990, under the zonal system, he became administrator of the Eastern Zone. He then became secretary in the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1992 before being appointed as Deputy Minister of Home Affairs in January 1994, at which time he was also awarded the Orange Scarf. Later in 1994, he was appointed as Bhutan's Permanent Representative to the United Nations office and other international organizations in Geneva.[1]

Prior to the beginning of democracy, he was Prime Minister twice, from July 20, 1998, to July 9, 1999, and from August 30, 2003, to August 20, 2004. During this period, chairmanship of the council was based on rotation once per year, with the order of rotation decided by the number of votes secured during the time of election to the council. Jigme was also the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bhutan from 1998 until 2003 and subsequently served as Minister of Home and Cultural Affairs.

On June 2, 1999, Thinley was awarded the Druk Thuksey and Coronation medals.[1] On December 17, 2008, Thinley was awarded the Druk Wangyal medal - one of the highest medals of honor - for excellence in carrying out his duties.[6]

In March 2008, he stood as leader of the political party Druk Phuensum Tshogpa in Bhutan's first democratic election. His party won 45 of the 47 seats in the National Assembly of Bhutan, which enabled Jigme Thinley to become Bhutan's first ever elected Prime Minister. He took office on April 9.[1][2]

Thinley blamed the global economic crisis of 2008–2009 on "insatiable human greed" and stressed the need to instead focus on the Bhutanese notion of gross national happiness. His government works to base its policies on gross national happiness rather than purely economic considerations.[7]

In July 2009, Thinley became a member of the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation's International Advisory Board to contribute his experience to the organisation's poverty reduction and sustainable development work.[8]

On February 3, 2014, Thinley received an Honorary degree from Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium[9] along with Lawrence Lessig and Denis Mukwege.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Wangchuk, Rinzin (2008-04-12). "New PM Takes Office". Kuensel online. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Thinley Takes Over as Premier". The Hindu. 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  3. ^ "Bhutan". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  4. ^ http://news.psu.edu/story/164765/2010/09/17/faculty-alumnus-honored
  5. ^ "Famous Penn Staters - Living/Now Deceased". Penn State Alumni Association. 2011-01-29. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  6. ^ "Six Honoured for Service to Nation". Kuensel online. 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  7. ^ Mydans, Seth (2009-05-07). "Thumphu Journal: Recalculating Happiness in a Himalayan Kingdom". New York Times. p. A8. 
  8. ^ "SNV establishes International Advisory Board". SNV – Netherlands Development Organisation. 2009-07-08. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  9. ^ "Fête de l'université 2014 - Doctorats honoris causa". UCL - Université catholique de Louvain. 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lhendup Dorji
Prime Minister of Bhutan
1998–1999
Succeeded by
Sangay Ngedup
Preceded by
Dawa Tsering
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1998–2003
Succeeded by
Khandu Wangchuk
Preceded by
Kinzang Dorji
Prime Minister of Bhutan
2003–2004
Succeeded by
Yeshey Zimba
Prime Minister of Bhutan
2008–2013
Succeeded by
Tshering Tobgay