|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
U.S. military bayonets of the Great War (World War I). Shown is the U.S. Bayonet M1905 affixed to the 1903 Springfield Rifle and the U.S. Bayonet M1917 affixed to the Model 12 Winchester Trenchgun (12 gauge pump shotgun).
|Used by|| United States
|Wars||World War I
World War II
|Weight||1 lb. 2 oz. (511 g)|
The M1917 bayonet was designed to be used with the US M1917 Enfield .30 caliber rifle, as well as with the seven different UStrench shotguns. The blade was 16 inches (40.6 cm) long. It will not fit the M1903 .30 caliber (Springfield) or the M1 .30 caliber (Garand) US service rifles as they have different bayonet ring (barrel) and attachment stud dimensions.
The M1917 bayonet was used first during World War I by American soldiers on the Western Front. A sword bayonet design, the M1917 bayonet design was based on the British P1907 bayonet, which incorporated a long 17-inch blade. While designed primarily for the M1917 rifle the bayonet was fitted for use on all the "trench" shotguns at the time.
The M1917 was used frequently during the several different Banana Wars.
The U.S. continued to use the Word War 1 made M1917 bayonets during World War II because of large stockpiles left over. The new Trench Guns being procured and issued were still designed to use the M1917 bayonet.
The bayonet was again called on during the Korean war for issue with the various Trench guns still in service.
In a strange twist of fate, in 1966 procurement orders were let for brand new production M1917 bayonets. Stockpiles had finally run out, and new Winchester 1200 trench shotguns were being issued. These were used heavily in the Vietnam War and on into the 1980s.
It was not until towards the end of the Vietnam war that new Milltary shotguns were designed to use the newer knife bayonets. Such as the Stevens Model 77E with the M5 Bayonet, or the United States Marine Corps "Model 870 Mark 1" shotgun with the M7 bayonet
However, the older shotguns could still be found thru the 90s and 2000s. Though the Bayonets for them became little used for them by this time.
Weapons the M1917 Bayonet was used with
Winchester Model 1897 trench gun
Winchester Model 1912 trench gun
Stevens Model 520-30 trench gun
Stevens Model 620 trench gun
Remington Model 10 trench gun
Ithaca Model 37 trench gun
Winchester Model 1200 trench gun