|Nickname(s): "Hidden Valley of the Flint Hills"|
Location of Madison, Kansas
|• Total||0.61 sq mi (1.58 km2)|
|• Land||0.61 sq mi (1.58 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,096 ft (334 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||675|
|• Density||1,149.2/sq mi (443.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||66855, 66860|
|GNIS feature ID||0477828|
Madison was originally founded in 1872 northwest of the present town. The town was relocated in 1879 to its present site when the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad was built through the neighborhood. Madison took its name from Madison Township.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Madison has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 701 people, 313 households, and 190 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,149.2 inhabitants per square mile (443.7 /km2). There were 401 housing units at an average density of 657.4 per square mile (253.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 0.1% American, 1.7% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.
There were 313 households of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 3.90
The median age in the city was 42.3 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 857 people, 361 households, and 225 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,425.4 people per square mile (551.5/km²). There were 418 housing units at an average density of 695.2 per square mile (269.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.27% White, 0.12% African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.
There were 361 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,536, and the median income for a family was $40,125. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,558. About 9.1% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 210.
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 199.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Madison, Kansas
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- USD 386, local school district