Makem and Clancy
|Makem and Clancy|
|Also known as||Tommy Makem & Liam Clancy|
|Origin||County Tipperary and County Armagh, Ireland|
|Genres||Traditional Irish, Folk, Celtic|
|Labels||Blackbird Records, Shanachie Records|
|Associated acts||The Clancy Brothers|
|Past members||Tommy Makem
Makem and Clancy was an Irish folk duo popular in the 1970s and 1980s. The group consisted of Tommy Makem and Liam Clancy, who had originally achieved fame as a part of the trailblazing folk group The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem in the 1960s. Makem and Clancy sang a combination of traditional Irish music, folks songs from a variety of countries, and newly written pieces, including compositions that Tommy Makem himself wrote. One reporter described their music as "more polished and varied than that used by the Clancy Brothers."
Although best known for their albums, concerts, and television programs, Makem and Clancy had three top ten singles in Ireland, including the number one hit, "And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda." Upon Liam Clancy's death in 2009, Irish broadcaster and writer Shay Healy noted about the group: "America had Elvis, Britain had The Beatles—Ireland had Makem and Clancy."
After initially achieving fame with The Clancy Brothers, Tommy Makem began a solo career in 1969. After Tommy left, the Clancy Brothers began scaling back their busy touring schedule to the point that, by the mid-70s, they were touring only part of the year. When not touring with his brothers, Liam Clancy started performing solo. In December 1974, suffering financial setbacks because of unreported taxes, Liam filed for bankruptcy and moved his family to live with his in-laws in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Liam's brother-in-law, Leo Cote, began producing a series of successful local solo gigs for Liam. Liam's concerts in Calgary caught the attention of a television producer, who signed him for thirteen episodes of his own syndicated music and talk show for the Spring season of 1975. The show was a hit and was renewed for twenty-six more episodes for the 1975-1976 season. He also released his first solo album in ten years, Farewell to Tarwaithie, notable for his first recording of The Dutchman.
At the same time, Makem was also achieving success in releasing seven solo albums, sold-out concerts, and television appearances, including a Canadian television series of his own.
Makem and Clancy both performed as solo acts at the Cleveland Irish Festival in July 1975. According to interviews, the two of them had to keep meeting with each other to make sure the other did not sing the same songs at each other's separate gigs. They decided to team up for a one-time performance together at the festival. Their pairing was successful, and they received an enthusiastic standing ovation from the audience. Soon after, Clancy invited Makem onto his Canadian television series, "The Liam Clancy Show." On the final show of the season, Makem appeared as a guest; this hit episode, which won a Canadian Emmy Award for 'best half-hour entertainment in a variety show,' led to the two of them being signed together for twenty-six additional episodes on television in the 1976-1977 season. Their series was called "The Makem & Clancy Show."
Recordings and appearances
In February 1976, Tommy and Liam formally announced that they were joining forces and embarked on a tour of Canada. The following May, they began production on their television series in Calgary. Liam toured with the Clancy Brothers at least one last time in March 1976 before officially leaving the group and joining Tommy full-time.
In the Fall of 1976, the television series premiered. During the run of their show, they invited Scottish folk singer Archie Fisher to appear as a guest performer on an episode. Fisher told Makem and Clancy he wanted to produce a record with them. Makem and Clancy agreed and, with Fisher, produced their debut self-titled album, Tommy Makem & Liam Clancy, released in December 1976 on their own record label, Blackbird Records. Three of their subsequent albums were released on their label. The self-titled album included all new songs they had not recorded before, including Makem's own compositions Windmills and Gordon Bok's Hills of Isle Au Haut. The last minute addition of the anti-war song, And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda, added to the album's success. The song quickly became Clancy's signature piece and reached the number one spot on the Irish music charts.
With Maurice Cassidy as their international manager and Tommy's wife Mary Makem as their manager in the United States, the duo began touring full-time, performing at all the major venues and festivals in North America, Ireland, the UK, Australia, and occasionally in continental Europe, and appearing on all the major talk shows outside the U.S. as well as their own television specials. Usually, they would tour the British Isles in January and February, and for six weeks in June, July and August; Australia in May; North America in March and in the Fall.
Over the course of their thirteen year career, they regularly toured with two backup musicians. In the 1970s and early 1980s, they were usually Archie Fisher, who produced their first three albums, on acoustic and bass guitar, and Allan Barty on fiddle and mandolin. Later on from approximately 1984 to the farewell tour in 1988, husband and wife duo Arty McGlynn on guitar and Nollaig Casey on fiddle replaced Barty and Fisher. Reportedly, Donal Lunny joined McGlynn and Casey for a time after he produced Makem and Clancy's final record in 1986. He played bouzouki.
Makem and Clancy followed their debut studio album with a live record recorded at the Gaiety Theater in Dublin in July 1977, the double LP The Makem & Clancy Concert. The record introduced many songs that were to become staples in their repertoire, including another of their signature numbers, Gordon Bok's story-song, Peter Kagan and the Wind, as well as Mary Mack, Rambles of Spring, the Irish language song Ar Éirinn Ní Neosainn Cé Hí, and The Town of Ballybay.
In the Fall of 1977, they brought their old television show from Canada to PBS in America and filmed thirteen new episodes for New Hampshire PBS. Black and white copies of the series were donated by Tommy Makem to the Ward Irish Music Archives before he died. They also filmed at least two television specials in 1977, one in Dublin in February, the other in San Francisco in December. At some point in late 1977, early 1978, Liam moved from Calgary to Dover, New Hampshire, the same town where Tommy resided.
In 1978, they hired nearly a dozen backup musicians to help record their next effort, a studio album called Two for the Early Dew. The album featured mostly ballads such as the now classic Red is the Rose, Dawning of the Day, Grey October Clouds, another Gordon Bok number Clear Away in the Morning, and Journey's End. The latter became their standard closing song. Fast, up-tempo songs included the all Irish language Cruiscin Lan, previously recorded by the Clancy Brothers mostly in English. The opening song Day of the Clipper came from the group Schooner Fare, whom Makem and Clancy had recently seen in concert. When Schooner Fare saw Makem and Clancy in the audience they immediately changed their entire repertoire into Clancy and Makem songs, except for one song, Day of the Clipper. After the show, Tommy and Liam told the fledgling group they were a bit disappointed they sang stuff they knew, but they asked, "What was that other song?" They loved it so much, it was used as their opening number.
Two songs from the album, Red is the Rose and Morning Glory, became top ten hits in Ireland in 1979. The former song, for which Clancy sang the lead, rose to the third spot on the singles chart. Later in the year, Morning Glory reached the seventh position on the same chart. The title of the album was taken from a line in the chorus of this song: "One for the morning glory, two for the early dew, three for the man who will stand his ground, and four for the love of you."
During the late 1970s and early 1980s, they recorded several singles such as Pete Seeger's Rainbow Race, studio versions of The Dutchman, Dandelion Wine and The Town of Ballybay, as well as new material including Kitty from Baltimore, A Place in the Choir, Willie McBride, The Ballad of St Anne's Reel, The Garden Song, and Gentle Annie; some of these singles appeared on their compilation album, The Makem & Clancy Collection in 1980. TV specials such as an on location show called "The Music Makers" followed, as well as numerous guest appearances on Canada's The Irish Rovers television series.
In approximately 1982, their first four albums and some of their solo albums were re-released on the Shanachie Records label. On the Shanachie label, Liam's solo album, Farewell to Tarwaithie was re-titled The Dutchman to capitalize on the song's fame under Makem and Clancy, with a new album cover and track listing. One of Tommy's albums, Listen, for the Rafters are Singing was also re-released with a new title and album cover. Their subsequent albums together, with the exception of We've Come a Long Way, and Tommy's future solo albums would originally be released on the Shanachie label.
In 1983, Makem and Clancy recorded their fifth album, Makem & Clancy Live at the National Concert Hall. The album was recorded on February 6, 1983 at Dublin's National Concert Hall and included an acclaimed rendition of Tommy's Four Green Fields. The concert was also filmed for Irish television and PBS in America and included several songs not included on the album, such as Rainbow Race and the story-song The Children of Michael, similar to their earlier hit Peter Kagan and the Wind. Little Beggarman from this album features a wooden dancing marionette man manipulated by Liam to dance to the beat of the song. This version of the song reportedly received lots of airtime on radio and has become a favorite of many fans. The album is the only Makem and Clancy record released solely on the Shanachie label.
In 1984, after living in Dover, New Hampshire for a number of years, Liam moved to Ireland with his family, purchasing several acres of land and building a maintenance-free solar powered, slate, stone and oak mansion in Helvic, County Waterford, using royalties from his hit song, And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda.
After a partial hiatus when they rejoined The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem for several reunion tours in 1984 and 1985, Makem and Clancy resumed their full-time touring schedule and returned to the recording studio in 1986 to produce their final album together, We've Come a Long Way. Produced by Planxty's Donal Lunny, the record was more of a contemporary 'pop' album than a traditional Irish music album, using synthesizers and keyboards in addition to traditional Irish musical instruments. According to Liam's daughter, Siobhan, the album, due to its contemporary feel, attracted the attention of Columbia Records, Makem's and Clancy's former employer and a new record contract was in the offering. Liam was willing to sign, but Makem, remembering their hectic schedule in the 1960s, was not. The contract fell through. Siobhan thinks this may have been a factor in their eventual break-up.
In 1988, Makem and Clancy announced they were amicably breaking up after thirteen years together. Newspapers reported that they didn't wish to overstay their welcome or let their material begin to go stale. Makem noted at the time that this was a "mutual decision" and that the two men remained friends. Living on separate continents may have also had a hand.
They embarked on a Farewell tour of Ireland and the UK in January and February, and finally in America in March 1988. Their final concert was at Stonehill College in Easton, Massachusetts on March 26, 1988.
Both Clancy and Makem resumed the solo careers they had begun before reuniting in 1975. Tommy continued to perform solo for the rest of his life, releasing half a dozen solo albums and filming nearly a dozen PBS television concert specials and travelogues. Liam filmed two of his solo concerts for Irish and American television in 1989, one of which was released on home video. His solo career was put on hold in 1990 when he rejoined the Clancy Brothers after brother Tom's death. After leaving the Clancy Brothers in 1996, he toured with his nephew Robbie O'Connell and son Donal until 1999, after which he resumed his solo career until the end of his life. He released a solo CD in 2008 and two videos, a concert special and a documentary on his life, in 2009.
Tommy Makem died of lung cancer in August 2007. Liam Clancy died of pulminary fibrosis in December 2009.
Tommy Makem and Liam Clancy (1976) Blackbird BLB 1001; Shanachie 52002 (1982)
2. Move Along
3. Fadh Mo Buartha
4. Hares on the Mountain
5. The Hills of Isle Au Haut
6. The Town of Rostrevor
7. Bread and Fishes
8. The Sally Gardens
9. Maggie Pickens
10. The Band Played Waltzing Matilda
The Makem & Clancy Concert (1977) Blackbird BLB 1002; Shanachie 52003 (1982)
1. Rambles Of Spring
2. In The Town Of Ballybay
3. The Dutchman
4. Sound The Pibroch
5. The Cobbler
6. The 200 Year Old Alcoholic
7. The Mermaid
8. Peter Kagan and the Wind
9. The Rocky Road To Dublin
10. Mary Mack
11. Botany Bay
12. And The Band Played Waltzing Matilda
13. O'Donnell Abu
14. Ar Irinn N Neosainn Ci Hi
15. My Father Loves Nikita Khrushchev
16. Leave Her Johnny
Shanachie compact disc version only - alternate track list, excludes Peter Kagan and the Wind to fit the 80 minute CD storage limit.
1. Rambles of Spring
2. Town of Ballbay
3. The Dutchman
4. The Mermaid
5. Botany bay
6. Mary Mack
7. And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda
8. O'Donnell Abu
9. Ar Irinn N Neosainn Ce Hi
10. My Father Loves Nikita Khrushchev
11. Sound the Pibroch
12. The Cobbler
13. The 200 Year Old Alcoholic
14. Rocky Road to Dublin
15. Leave Her Johnny
Two for the Early Dew (1978) Blackbird BLB 1007; Shanachie 52004 (1982)
1. The Day Of The Clipper
2. The Dawning Of The Day
3. Cruiscin Lan
4. White Swans And Black/Grey October Clouds
5. Red Is The Rose
6. Bower Mowden
7. The Cocky Farmer
8. Morning Glory
9. Clear Away In The Morning
10. The Newry Highwayman
11. Journey's End
The Makem and Clancy Collection (1980) Blackbird BLB 1009; Shanachie 52001 (1982) - contains previously released material and singles
1. A Place In The Choir
2. The Cobbler
3. The Dutchman
4. The Garden Song
5. Willie McBride
6. Morning Glory
7. Four Green Fields
8. Ballad Of St. Anne's Reel
9. Red Is The Rose
10. Gentle Annie
11. Ar Éirinn Ní Neosainn Cé Hí
12. Town Of Ballybay
13. The Band Played Waltzing Matilda
14. Rambles Of Spring
Live at the National Concert Hall (1983) Shanachie 52006 (the only Makem and Clancy album originally and solely released on Shanachie Records)
1. Wish I Was A Hunting
2. Bonnie Highland Laddie
3. Sliabh Gallion Braes
4. Galway Races
5. The Liar
6. Dandelion Wine
7. Summer Roads
8. Little Beggarman
9. The Orchard
10. Whatever You Say, Say Nothing
11. Four Green Fields
12. Journey's End
We've Come A Long Way (1986) Philips 830533-1; Shanachie 52013 (1986)
1. We've Come a Long Way
2. Frog in the Well
3. Roseville Fair
4. Drill Ye, Tarriers, Drill
5. The Coast of Malabar
6. Queen of Connemara
7. The Highwayman
8. Fair and Tender Ladies
9. Peg Leg Jack
10. Parcel of Rogues
11. Fagfaidh Mise An Baile Se
13. Mary Ellen Carter
Shanachie Records version (different track listing and album cover)
1. We've Come A Long Way
2. Frog In The Well
3. Roseville Fair
4. The Queen Of Connemara
5. Peg Leg Jack
6. The Mary Ellen Carter (Stan Rogers)
7. Fair And Tender Ladies
8. The Coast Of Malabar
9. The Highwayman
10. Fagfaidh Mise An Baile Se
11. Parcel Of Rogues
12. Drill Ye Tarriers, Drill
appeared on The Makem and Clancy Collection**
The Band Played Waltzing Matilda* & Town Of Rostrevor/Maggie Pickens: 1976 - BB 101 — *#1 in The Irish Charts
The Band Played Waltzing Matilda & The Town Of Rostrevor: 1977 - Epic S EPC 5277 — UK release
The Town Of Ballybay (studio version) & Kitty From Baltimore: 1977 - BB 103
The Dutchman (studio version) & The Lowland Sea: 1977 - BB 104
Red Is The Rose* & Bower Madden: 1979 - BB 106 — *#3 in The Irish Charts …
Morning Glory* & Cruiscin Lan: 1979 - BB 107 — *#7 in The Irish Charts …
The Garden Song** & The Tombstone: 1980 - BB 108
A Place In The Choir** & Sliabh Gheal Gua Na Feile: 1980 - BB 111
Ballad of St. Anne's Reel** / Sliabh Galleon Braes (studio version): 1980 - BB 112
Willie McBride** & Gentle Annie** : 1980 - BB 113
Waltzing Matilda & Red is the Rose: 1981 - BB 114
Rainbow Race (studio version) & Dear Dark Eyes: 1981 - BB 116
We Are The Boat & Dandelion Wine (studio version): 1985 - BB 127
Bridie Murphy and The Kamikaize Pilot (live track) & The Newry Highwayman: 1985 - BB 128
Four Green Fields** & New Mary Ellen Carter: 1986 - Rego 802
- Corr, John (13 March 1988). "Irish Duo Makem And Clancy Planning A Friendly Parting". Inquirer (Philadelphia). Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- "Search the Charts". The Irish Charts. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- Carson, Niall (8 December 2009). "Music and laughter as Clancy is laid to rest". Belfast Telegraph.
- Alan Gilsenan (director) (2009). The Yellow Bittern: The Life and Times of Liam Clancy (Documentary/DVD). RTÉ.
- "A little bit of Irish humor reunited Clancy, Makem". Vancouver Sun. 4 May 1987. p. C6.
- Irwin, Colin (29 October 1977). "Folk: When Irish eyes are glaring...". Melody Maker 52 (44): 64.
- Clinton, Audrey (4 March 1988). "Makem and Clancy to Go Their Separate Ways". Newsday. p. 17.
- "Obituary of Tommy Makem Bard of Armagh who found fame as a folk singer with the Clancy Brothers". Daily Telegraph (London). 3 August 2007. p. 27.