County Waterford

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County Waterford
Contae Phort Láirge
Coat of arms of County Waterford
Coat of arms
Motto: Déisi oc Declán co Bráth  (Irish)
"May the Déise remain with Declan forever"
Location of County Waterford
Country Ireland
Province Munster
Dáil Éireann Tipperary South
Waterford
EU Parliament South
County town Dungarvan
Government
 • Type County Council and City Council
Area
 • Total 1,857 km2 (717 sq mi)
Area rank 20th
Population (2011) 113,795
 • Rank 20th
Car plates W (since 2014)
WD (1987–2013)
Website www.waterfordcoco.ie
Counsellors strand

County Waterford (Irish: Contae Phort Láirge; the English name comes from Norse Vedrafjörður) is a county in Ireland. It is part of the South-East Region and is also located in the province of Munster. It is named after the city of Waterford which is derived from the Old Norse name Veðrafjǫrðr or Vedrarfjord. There is an Irish-speaking area in the south of the county. Waterford County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county at large, including the city, is 113,795 according to the 2011 census.

Geography and political subdivisions[edit]

County Waterford has two mountain ranges, the Knockmealdown Mountains and the Comeragh Mountains. The highest point in the county is Knockmealdown, at 794m. It also has many rivers, including Ireland's third longest river, the River Suir (184 km); and Ireland's fourth longest river, the Munster Blackwater (168 km). There are over 30[citation needed] beaches along Waterford's volcanic[citation needed] coast line. A large stretch of this coastline, known as the Copper Coast has been designated as a UNESCO Geopark, a place of great geological importance. The area around Ring (An Rinn) is a Gaeltacht, an Irish-speaking area.

Dungarvan is the county seat[1] for Waterford County Council.

Baronies[edit]

There are eight historic baronies in the county: Coshmore and Coshbride, Decies-within-Drum, Decies-without-Drum, Gaultiere, Glenahiry, Middle Third, Upperthird and Waterford City.

Towns and villages[edit]

History[edit]

County Waterford is colloquially known as "The Déise", pronounced "day-sha" (An Déise). Some time between the 4th and 8th centuries, a tribe of native Gaelic people called the Déisi were driven from southern county Meath/north Kildare, conquering and settling here. The ancient principality of the Déise is today roughly coterminous with the current Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore. The westernmost of the baronies are "Decies within Drum" and "Decies without Drum", separated by the Drum-Fineen hills.[8] There are many megalithic tombs and ogham stones[9] in the county. The Viking influence can still be seen with Reginald's Tower, one of the first buildings to use a bricks and mortar construction method in Ireland. Woodstown, a settlement dating to the 9th Century was discovered 5.5 kilometres west of Waterford city. It was the largest settlement outside of Scandinavia and the only large-scale 9th Century Viking settlement discovered to date in Western Europe. Other architectural features are products of the Anglo-Norman Invasion of Ireland and its effects.

Local government and politics[edit]

Prior to the enactment of the Local Government Act 2001, the county was a unified whole despite the presence of two local authorities.[citation needed] Since that time, the administrative re-organisation has reduced the geographical extent of the county by the extent of the area under the jurisdiction of Waterford City Council. Today, the geographic extent of the county is limited to the area under the jurisdiction of Waterford County Council. Each local authority ranks equally as first level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 South-East Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 34 LAU 1 entities in the Republic of Ireland. The remit of Waterford County Council includes some suburbs of the city not within the remit of Waterford City Council. Both local authorities are responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, the collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing.

The county is part of the South constituency for the purposes of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of two constituencies: Waterford and Tipperary South. Together they return 7 deputies (TDs) to the Dáil. The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 defines the Waterford constituency as "The county of Waterford, except the part thereof which is comprised in the constituency of Tipperary South; and the city of Waterford."."[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Waterford County Council website". 
  2. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  3. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  4. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  5. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  6. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  7. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  8. ^ Egan, P.M. (20 November 2004) [1893]. "Early Waterford History 2. The Decies". History of Waterford. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  9. ^ "Prehistoric Waterford tombs, dolmens and standing stones.". 
  10. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°15′N 7°30′W / 52.250°N 7.500°W / 52.250; -7.500