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The Makoa are descended from the Makua of Mozambique.
Distribution of Malagasy ethnic groups. The Makoa are classified with the Vezo.

The Makoa are an ethnic group in Madagascar descended from people of Mozambique of Makua origin who had been captured and brought to Madagascar as slaves.[1] They are sometimes classified as a subgroup of the fishing peoples known as the Vezo, although the Makoa maintain a distinct identity, one reinforced by their larger physical stature and historic employment as police officers by the French colonial administration.

The Makoa speak a dialect of the Malagasy language, which is a branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language group derived from the Barito languages, spoken in southern Borneo.


  1. ^ Bradt, Hilary; Austin, Daniel (2007). Madagascar (9th ed.). Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press Inc. pp. 113–115. ISBN 1-84162-197-8.