Malcolm Lipkin

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Malcolm Lipkin (born in Liverpool 2 May 1932) is an English composer.

Early life[edit]

While a schoolboy at Liverpool College, he studied the piano privately with Gordon Green from 1944 to 1948, and theory with Dr Caleb Jarvis. In 1949 he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Music in London, where he continued his piano studies with Kendall Taylor until 1953, as well as harmony and counterpoint with Bernard Stevens. From 1954 to 1957 he studied composition with Mátyás Seiber and later read music externally at London University for his B.Mus under the guidance of Dr Anthony Milner, eventually being awarded the degree of D.Mus.Lond for his published, reviewed, publicly performed works.

Later years[edit]

The death of Seiber in 1960 in a car accident, while on a lecture tour in South Africa, shocked Lipkin, and the middle movement of his Second Violin Concerto was written in his memory. This work, like much of Lipkin's music in the 1960s, was composed in his early tonal style, as was the String Trio which is dedicated to Joy Finzi, to whose country home at Ashmansworth he was encouraged to come and compose.

Sinfonia di Roma, Lipkin's first symphony, was a turning point in his developing style, revealing the influence of Seiber in its construction from small melodic and rhythmic cells. However, Lipkin never fully adopted serial technique, so fashionable in the 1960s, and he has always remained his own man, becoming something of an outsider in the context of compositional trends of the time, eventually finding an individual identity in his later music.

During the 1970s, the influence of 17th-century English poetry resulted in Four Departures for Soprano and Violin (settings of Herrick) and The Pursuit (Symphony No.2), inspired by a quatrain of Andrew Marvell. Herrick was again a starting point for another major work, Sun (Symphony No.3), premiered in 1993. It is in such works and the Oboe Concerto of 1988, commissioned by the BBC, that Lipkin found a truly personal voice. As The Listener commented on The Pursuit (14 February 1983): "Lipkin, who studied with Seiber and Blacher, doesn't exactly sound new but he doesn't sound like anyone else either."

As a pianist, beginning his compositional career writing music for his instrument (he played his Second Sonata to Georges Enesco at the 1950 Bryanston Summer School of Music), he has returned to composing for the piano in recent years, since 2000 completing his Sixth Sonata and the last five of his eight Nocturnes.

For many years he was a member of the Composers' Guild of Great Britain and for a time served on its Executive Committee. He is a Patron of the Seiber Trust.

Principal compositions[edit]

Orchestral
  • Sinfonia di Roma, Symphony No. 1 (1958–1965)
  • The Pursuit, Symphony No. 2 (1975–1979)
  • Sun, Symphony No. 3 (1979–1986)
  • From Across La Manche, Suite for string orchestra (1998)
Concertante
  • Piano Concerto (1957)
  • Violin Concerto No. 1 (1951–1952)
  • Violin Concerto No. 2 (1960–1962)
  • Concerto for Flute and Strings (1974)
  • Oboe Concerto (1988–1990)
Chamber and instrumental music
  • Sonata No. 1 for violin and piano (1957)
  • Suite for flute and cello (1961)
  • String Trio (1963–1964)
  • Clifford's Tower for wind quintet and string trio (1977)
  • Trio for flute, viola and harp (1982)
  • Naboth's Vineyard for recorders, cello and harpsichord (1983)
  • Piano Trio (1988)
  • Variations on a Theme of Bartók for string quartet (1989–1990)
  • Dance Fantasy for solo violin (1991)
  • Sonata No. 2 for violin and piano (1997)
  • Pierrot Dances for viola and piano (1998)
Keyboard
  • Piano Sonatas Nos. 3 to 6 (1951–2002)
  • Metamorphosis for harpsichord (1974)
  • Nocturnes Nos. 1 to 8 for piano (1987–2006)
Choral
  • Psalm 96 for mixed chorus and orchestra (1969)
Vocal
  • Four Departures to Poems of Herrick for soprano and violin (1972)
  • Five Songs to Poems of Shelley for soprano and piano (1978)

Some performances of key works[edit]

1951 Piano Sonata No.3 at Gaudeamus International Music Week, Bilthoven, Holland, played by the composer
1952 Piano Sonata No.3 at Mercury Theatre, London, in a Macnaghten Concert, played by the composer
1957 Violin Concerto No.1 at Liverpool Stadium, played by Yfrah Neaman and the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Sir John Pritchard
1958 Violin Sonata No.1 on BBC Third Programme played by Yfrah Neaman and Howard Ferguson
1963 Violin Concerto No.2, commissioned and played by Yfrah Neaman, with the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra conducted by Constantin Silvestri
1966 Sinfonia di Roma (Symphony No.1) at Philharmonic Hall, Liverpool, the RLPO conducted by Sir Charles Groves
1977 Composer's Portrait on BBC Radio 3, featuring Violin Concerto No.2, Metamorphosis for Harpsichord and Four Departures for Soprano and Violin
1980 Clifford's Tower for Wind Quintet and String Trio at Cheltenham International Festival of Music, played by the Nash Ensemble
1982 Trio for Flute, Viola and Harp at Rye Festival, commissioned and played by the Faber Trio
1983 The Pursuit (Symphony No.2) at BBC Manchester, the BBC Philharmonic conducted by Sir Edward Downes
1988 Sinfonia di Roma at Broadcasting House, Glasgow, the BBC Scottish Symphony conducted by Lionel Friend
1991 Oboe Concerto at St John's Smith Square, London, commissioned by the BBC, played by Gareth Hulse and the London Chamber Symphony conducted by Odaline de la Martinez
1992 Variations on a theme of Bartók at Newbury Spring Festival, Chelmsford Cathedral Festival and on BBC Radio 3, played by the Delmé String Quartet
1993 Sun (Symphony No.3) at Royal Northern College of Music, Manchester, the BBC Philharmonic conducted by Adrian Leaper
1996 String Trio at Madley Festival and Chester Summer Music Festival, played by the Leopold String Trio
1997 Piano Sonata No.5 at Purcell Room, London, and at Wigmore Hall the following year, commissioned and played by Jeremy Carter, written in memory of Gordon Green
1998 From Across La Manche (Suite for Strings) commissioned by Primavera Chamber Orchestra for a tour of South-East England and Northern France, first performed at Canterbury
1998 Violin Sonata No.2 commissioned by Green Room Music, Tunbridge Wells, for Levon Chilingirian and Clifford Benson, first performed at Trinity Arts Theatre, Tunbridge Wells
2012 Variations on a theme of Bartók at Kings Place London played by the Carducci String Quartet

Recordings[edit]

1985 Clifford's Tower, String Trio and Pastorale arranged for horn and string quintet, recorded on Hyperion Records by the Nash Ensemble
1992 Piano Trio, commissioned and recorded on Kingdom Records by the English Piano Trio
2005 From Across La Manche (Suite for Strings) recorded on Naxos Records by Royal Ballet Sinfonia conducted by Gavin Sutherland

External links[edit]

Malcolm Lipkin's official website
Cameron Bennett, An examination of the solo piano music of Malcolm Lipkin, 1990.
Andrew Burn, 'Malcolm Lipkin's Pursuit', The Musical Times, January 1983.
Christopher Headington, 'Malcolm Lipkin and his Recent Music', Tempo Magazine, 1989