The Malta Cup was a professional snooker tournament that was on the World Snooker calendar betweeb the 1988/1989 and 2007/2008 seasons. It was previously known as the European Open (which had been held several times in Malta) and was the sole ranking tournament in Europe outside the British Isles.
The event was then moved to Belgium. It was held in Tongeren in 1992 and Antwerp between 1993–1994 with sponsorship from Humo. The event was moved to the first half of the season in 1993/1994, thus there were two events in 1993, in February and December. The event was moved back to its original place in the calendar in 1995/1996 and took place in Valletta, Malta between 1996–1997. The event wasn't held in the following season. In 1998/1999 it was briefly revived for just one season as the Irish Open. The following season the Malta Grand Prix was the only continental European ranking event and in 2000/2001 there weren't any at all for the first time in 13 seasons.
The European Open was revived in 2001/2002 and was held in Valletta, Malta. In 2003 the event was for the first and only time held in England (Torquay). The following year it returned to Malta, this time held in Portomaso. The following season event was renamed the Malta Cup. The 2006 event was the first ranking tournament, where no English player reached the quarter-finals. It became an invitation event in 2007/2008, but it was discontinued afterwards.