The Malta Cup was a professional snooker tournament that has been on the World Snooker calendar since the 1988/89 season. It was previously known as the European Open (which had been held several times in Malta) as the sole ranking tournament in Europe, outside the British Isles.
The event was than moved in Belgium. It was held in Tongeren in 1992 and Antwerpen between 1993–1994 with sponsorship from Humo. The event was moved to the first half of the season in 1993/1994, thus there were two events in 1993, in February and December. The event than was held in Valletta, Malta between 1996–1997 and was moved back to its original place in the calendar in 1995/1996. The event wasn't held in the following season. In 1998/99 it was briefly revived for just one season as the Irish Open. The following season the Malta Grand Prix was the only continental European ranking event and in 2000/01 there weren't any at all for the first time since 13 seasons.
The European Open was revived in 2001/2002 and was held in Valletta, Malta. In 2003 the event was first time held in Britain (Torquay). The following year in returned to Malta, this time held in Portomaso. The following season the event was renamed the Malta Cup. The 2006 event made history, as it became the first ranking tournament, where no English player reached the quarter-finals. It became an invitation event in 2007/2008, but it was discontinued after.