Man Bites Dog (film)
|Man Bites Dog|
Criterion Collection DVD cover
|Directed by||Rémy Belvaux
|Produced by||Rémy Belvaux
|Screenplay by||Rémy Belvaux
|Story by||Rémy Belvaux|
|Music by||Jean-Marc Chenut
|Editing by||Rémy Belvaux
|Studio||Les Artistes Anonymes|
|Distributed by||Acteurs Auteurs Associés (AAA) (France)
Roxie Releasing (US)
Metro Tartan Films (UK)
|Running time||95 minutes
92 minutes (Edited cut)
|Budget||BEF1 million (USD$33,000)|
Man Bites Dog (French: C'est arrivé près de chez vous, It Happened in Your Neighborhood) is a 1992 Belgian black comedy crime mockumentary written, produced and directed by Rémy Belvaux, André Bonzel and Benoît Poelvoorde, who are also the film's co-editor, cinematographer and lead actor respectively.
The film follows a crew of filmmakers following a serial killer, recording his horrific crimes for a documentary they are producing. At first dispassionate observers, they find themselves caught up in the increasingly chaotic and nihilistic violence. The film received the André Cavens Award for Best Film by the Belgian Film Critics Association (UCC). Since its release, the picture has become a cult film.
Ben is a witty, charismatic serial killer who holds forth at length about whatever comes to mind, be it the "craft" of murder, the failings of architecture, his own poetry, or classical music, which he plays with his girlfriend. A film crew joins him on his sadistic adventures, recording them for a fly on the wall documentary. Ben takes them to meet his family and friends while boasting of murdering many people at random and dumping their bodies in canals and quarries. The viewer witnesses these grisly killings in graphic detail.
Ben ventures into apartment buildings, explaining how it is more cost-effective to attack old people than young couples because the former have more cash at home and are easier to kill. In a following scene, he screams wildly at an elderly lady, causing her to have a heart attack. As she lies dying, he casually remarks that this method saved him a bullet. Ben continues his candid explanations and appalling rampage, shooting, strangling, and beating to death anyone who comes his way: women (he is profoundly misogynistic), immigrants (he is a racist xenophobe), and postmen (his favorite targets).
The camera crew becomes more and more involved in the murders, first as accomplices but eventually taking an active part in them. When Ben invades a home and kills an entire family, they help him hold down a young boy and smother him. They meet a competing camera crew and take turns shooting the three men. During filming, two of Ben's crew are killed; their deaths are later called "occupational hazards" by a crew member.
When Ben takes a couple hostage in their own home, he holds the man at gunpoint while he and the crew gang-rape the woman. The following morning, the camera dispassionately records the aftermath: the woman has been butchered with a knife, her entrails spilling out, and the man has been shot to death. Ben's violence becomes more and more random until he kills an acquaintance in front of his girlfriend and friends during a birthday dinner. Spattered with blood, they act as though nothing horrible has happened, continuing to offer Ben presents. The film crew disposes of the body for Ben.
After a victim flees before he can be killed, Ben is arrested, but he escapes. At this point someone starts taking revenge on him and his family. Ben discovers that his parents have been killed, along with his girlfriend: a flautist, she has been murdered in a particularly humiliating manner, with her flute inserted into her anus. This prompts Ben to decide that he must leave. He meets the camera crew to say farewell, but in the middle of reciting a poem he is abruptly shot dead by an off-camera gunman. The camera crew is then picked off one by one. After the camera falls, it keeps running, and the film ends with the death of the fleeing sound recordist.
The film is shot in black and white and was produced on a shoe-string budget by four student filmmakers, led by director Rémy Belvaux. The film's writers, Belvaux, Poelvoorde and Bonzel, all appear in the film using their own first names: Poelvoorde as Ben, the killer; Belvaux as Rémy, the director; and Bonzel as André, the camera operator. The genesis of the idea came from shooting a documentary without any money. This film is rated NC-17 by the Motion Picture Association of America for "strong graphic violence".
Although it is never shown or suggested in the film itself that Benoit kills a baby, the original poster features an image of a baby's pacifier with spattering blood coming from an unseen target at the end of Benoit's gun. For foreign release posters (not including the Region 4/Australian release), the baby's pacifier was changed to a set of dentures.
Man Bites Dog received mixed to positive reviews upon release. Based on 16 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an overall approval rating from critics of 75%, with an average score of 6.9/10.  Film critic Rob Gonsalves called the film "[an] original, a stark and (sorry) biting work far more complex, both stylistically and thematically, than first meets the eye."  The film was screened at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival where it won the SACD award for Best Feature and the Special Award of the Youth for directors Rémy Belvaux, André Bonzel and Benoît Poelvoorde.  The film's controversial content and extreme violence was off-putting to some viewers, and resulted in the film being banned in Sweden. 
The legacy of Man Bites Dog has influenced filmmakers drawing inspiration from the films premise of a camera crew following around a serial killer (or killers). It has influenced the following films:
- Maniac - a 2011 horror short film directed by Shia LaBeouf. It stars Scott Mescudi and Chris Palko.
- Truth in Journalism - a 2013 short film written and directed by Joe Lynch. It stars Ryan Kwanten as the Marvel character Eddie Brock/Venom.
- Roscoe, Jane (2006): Man Bites Dog: Deconstructing the Documentary Look. In: Rhodes, Gary Don/Springer, John Parris (eds.) (2006): Docufictions. Essays on the intersection of documentary and fictional filmmaking. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, p. 205-215.
- "MAN BITES DOG (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 1992-09-22. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- "MAN BITES DOG (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 1993-07-02. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Man Bites Dog at Box Office Mojo
- C'est arrivé près de chez vous (1992)
- Man Bites Dog at the Internet Movie Database
- Man Bites Dog at AllMovie
- Man Bites Dog at Box Office Mojo
- Man Bites Dog at Rotten Tomatoes
- Criterion Collection essay by Matt Zoller Seitz
- Benoît Poelvoorde's page on the film, in French